There are 44 countries in Europe. A small number of countries on the continent are transcontinental, meaning they are considered to be a part of both Europe and Asia.
Some dependencies and territories are also found within the continent such as the Aland Islands, two constituent countries of Denmark, British Overseas Territories, and Svalbard. 28 countries of Europe are a member of the European Union (EU). Therefore, the European Union should not be confused with the continent of Europe. Europe is subdivided into four main regions: Southern, Northern, Eastern, and Western Europe
Southern Europe is the region covering the southern half of the landmass of Europe. It includes the European countries of the Iberian Peninsula, Italian peninsula, Greece, and Malta. Southern Europe may be defined to include Balkan countries that are traditionally placed in Eastern Europe. Southern Europe can be defined as a political, economic, or cultural region. It can also be defined by its natural features. The countries of Southern Europe are Albania, Andorra, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Greece, Italy, the Republic of Macedonia, Malta, Montenegro, Portugal, San Marino, Serbia, Slovenia, Spain, and Vatican City (15 countries).
Northern Europe covers the northern portion of Europe. The region is defined geographically as consisting of all of Europe above 52nd parallel north with notable geographical features including North European Plain, Baltic Plain, and British Isle. The region consists of Scandinavian and Jutland Peninsula. The Northern European countries are considered to be Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Iceland, Ireland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Sweden, and the United Kingdom (ten countries).
Western Europe comprises of countries covering the western portion of the continent. The region was defined as countries with dominant Catholics and Protestants for decades. Western Europe includes the nine countries of Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Monaco, the Netherlands, and Switzerland.
Although Eastern Europe covers the eastern portion of Europe, there is no consensus on the exact area it covers since the term has a wide range of socioeconomic and geopolitical connotations. However, the geographical boundaries of the Eastern Europe are well defined with the exception of its boundaries with the Western Europe. According to the UN Geoscheme for Europe, the ten Eastern European countries are: Belarus, Bulgaria, Czechia, Hungary, Poland, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, and Ukraine.
How Many Countries Are in Europe?
|Countries of Europe|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina|