There are 44 countries in Europe. A few of them are transcontinental, meaning they are considered to be a part of both Europe and Asia. Some dependencies and territories are also part of Europe such as the Aland Islands, two constituent countries of Denmark, British Overseas Territories, and Svalbard. 28 countries of Europe are members of the European Union (EU). Europe is subdivided into four main regions: Southern, Northern, Eastern, and Western Europe
Southern Europe is the region covering the southern half of the landmass of Europe. It includes the European countries of the Iberian Peninsula, the Italian peninsula, Greece, and Malta. Southern Europe's definition may be extended to include Balkan countries that are traditionally placed in Eastern Europe. The countries of Southern Europe are Albania, Andorra, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Greece, Italy, the Republic of Macedonia, Malta, Montenegro, Portugal, San Marino, Serbia, Slovenia, Spain, and Vatican City (15 countries).
Northern Europe covers the northern portion of Europe. The region is defined geographically as consisting of all of Europe above 52nd parallel north with notable geographical features including North European Plain, Baltic Plain, and British Isle. The region consists of Scandinavian and Jutland Peninsula. The Northern European countries are Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Iceland, Ireland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Sweden, and the United Kingdom (10 countries).
Western Europe comprises of countries covering the western portion of the continent. The region was defined as countries with dominant Catholics and Protestants for decades. Western Europe includes the nine countries of Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Monaco, the Netherlands, and Switzerland.
Although Eastern Europe covers the eastern portion of Europe, there is no consensus on the exact area it covers since the term has a wide range of socioeconomic and geopolitical connotations. However, the geographical boundaries of Eastern Europe are well defined except for its boundaries with Western Europe. According to the UN Geoscheme for Europe, the ten Eastern European countries are Belarus, Bulgaria, Czechia, Hungary, Poland, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, and Ukraine.
How Many Countries Are in Europe?
|Countries of Europe|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina|