With an area of 9,251 sq. km, Cyprus is the third largest Mediterranean Island.
As observed on the physical map above, a very narrow band of mountains (the Kyrenia) slices across the northern edge of Cyprus. That low range of mountains reaches a maximum of 1,024 m (3,360 ft) in elevation.
In the south and western portions of the island the Troodos Mountains dominate. The highest point on Cyprus, located in the center of the Troodos range, is Mount Olympus at 1,952 m (6,404 ft). It has been marked on the map.
To the north of Nicosia is a somewhat fertile plain called the Mesaoria, it crosses the island from west to east. There are a number of rivers crossing that plain, but none of them have water year round.
Rivers are seasonal and only flow after heavy rain, and under those conditions the Pedieos is the longest river in Cyprus. It rises in the Troodos Mountains, flowing northeast through the capital city of Nicosia. It then steers east, meeting the sea at Famagusta Bay. The river has a total length of approximately 100 km.
Cyprus has over 100 dams and reservoirs, and all are the island's principal source of water for both agricultural and domestic use.
The lowest point in Cyprus is the Mediterranean Sea at 0 m.
Cyprus (officially, Republic of Cyprus) is divided into 6 administrative districts (kaza). In alphabetical order, these districts are: Famagusta, Kyrenia, Larnaca, Limassol, Nicosia and Paphos. The districts are subdivided into municipalities and communities.
Situated almost in the center of the Mesaoria Plains, on the banks of the Pedieos River, is Nicosia – the administrative capital and the largest city of Cyprus. Nicosia is also the financial and chief economic center of Cyprus. Cyprus is the 3rd most populous Mediterranean island.
Cyprus is a Eurasian island country, located in the extreme north eastern corner of the Mediterranean Sea. Cyprus is the 3rd largest island in the Mediterranean Sea. Cyprus belongs geographically to Western Asia (Middle East) and politically to Europe. Cyprus is positioned both in the Northern and Eastern hemispheres of the earth. Across the sea, it is located to the southeast of Greece, to the south of Turkey, to the west of Lebanon and Syria, and to the north of Egypt, Israel and the Palestinian Gaza Strip.
Regional Maps: Map of Asia
|Legal Name||Republic of Cyprus|
|Capital City||Nicosia (Lefkosia/Lefkosa)|
|35 10 N, 33 22 E|
|Independence||16 August 1960 (from the UK); note - Turkish Cypriots proclaimed self-rule on 13 February 1975 and independence in 1983, but these proclamations are recognized only by Turkey|
|Total Area||9,251 km2|
|Land Area||9,241 km2|
|Water Area||10 km2|
|Total Border||156 km|
|Bordering Countries||Akrotiri 48 km, Dhekelia 108 km|
|Climate||Temperate; mediterranean with hot, dry summers and cool winters|
|Coordinates||35 00 N, 33 00 E|
|Mean Elevation||91 m|
|Lowest Elevation||0 m|
|Highest Elevation||1,951 m|
|Ethnic Groups||Greek 98.8%, other 1% (includes Maronite, Armenian, Turkish-Cypriot), unspecified 0.2% (2011 est.)|
|Languages||Greek (official) 80.9%, Turkish (official) 0.2%, English 4.1%, Romanian 2.9%, Russian 2.5%, Bulgarian 2.2%, Arabic 1.2%, Filipino 1.1%, other 4.3%, unspecified 0.6% (2011 est.)|
|Religions||Orthodox Christian 89.1%, Roman Catholic 2.9%, Protestant/Anglican 2%, Muslim 1.8%, Buddhist 1%, other (includes Maronite, Armenian Church, Hindu) 1.4%, unknown 1.1%, none/atheist 0.6% (2011 est.)|
|GDP Per Capita||$27,858.37|
|Exports||Citrus, potatoes, pharmaceuticals, cement, clothing|
This page was last updated on September 16, 2020