China covers an area of about 9.6 million sq. km in East Asia. As observed on the physical map of China above, the country has a highly varied topography including plains, mountains, plateaus, deserts, etc.
In the vast western reaches of China - mountains, high plateaus and deserts dominate the landscape, while in the central and east areas, the land slopes into broad plains and deltas.
The Himalayas, the world's most elevated mountain range, form its southwestern borders with India, Nepal and Bhutan, and contain the highest peaks in the world. Located within the Himalayas is China's highest point, the famed Mt. Everest, which is also the tallest mountain in the world, and whose summit reaches 29,025 ft. (8.850 m). Numerous rivers arise in the Himalayas, including the Indus and Brahmaputra rivers.
As can be observed on the map, in the far northeast, high mountains ring China's border with the Russian Federation.
The Gobi Desert runs west to east along the border with Mongolia. Here the topography varies from sand desert, into the low mountain foothills and plateaus that stretch into Mongolia. Prolonged drought in the area result in debilitating dust storms, and have caused China to lose a million acres a year to desertification. China's lowest point, and the third lowest point on the Earth's surface, is the arid Turpan Depression located in the far western part of the country.
From the higher elevations in the west literally thousands of rivers drain the country; the most significant include the Yangtze (third longest river on the planet), and the Heilong (Amur), Mekong, Pearl and Yellow.
China (officially, People’s Republic of China) is divided into 22 administrative provinces (sheng), 5 autonomous regions (zizhiqu), 4 municipalities (shi) and 2 special administrative regions.
In alphabetical order, these provinces are: Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guizhou, Hainan, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Yunan and Zhejiang. The 5 autonomous regions are: Guangxi, Nei Mongol (Inner Mongolia), Ningxia, Xinjiang Uygur and Xizang (Tibet). The 4 municipalities are: Beijing, Chongqing, Shanghai and Tianjin. The 2 special administrative regions are Hong Kong and Macau.
With an area of 9.6 million sq. km, China occupies major parts of the East Asian landmass. With a population of about 1.4 billion people, China is the most populous country in the world. Located in North China, is Beijing – the capital of China. Beijing is the world’s most populous capital city with over 21 million residents. It is also one of the world’s as well as China’s leading cultural, administrative, educational and economic centers. Based on the urban population, Beijing is the 2nd largest city in China. Located in the east coast of China, on the Yangtze estuary is Shanghai – the largest city and the most populous urban area in China.
China is an East Asian country, situated in the Northern and Eastern hemispheres of the Earth. China shares its borders with 14 countries: Mongolia in the north; Russia and North Korea in the northeast; Vietnam, Laos, Myanmar, India, Bhutan and Nepal in the south; Pakistan in the southwest; Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan in the west. China is also bounded by the Yellow Sea and the East China Sea in the east and the South China Sea in the southeast.
Regional Maps: Map of Asia
|Legal Name||People's Republic of China|
|39 55 N, 116 23 E|
|Independence||1 October 1949 (People's Republic of China established); notable earlier dates: 221 B.C. (unification under the Qin Dynasty); 1 January 1912 (Qing Dynasty replaced by the Republic of China)|
|Total Area||9,596,960 km2|
|Land Area||9,326,410 km2|
|Water Area||270,550 km2|
|Total Border||22,457 km|
|Bordering Countries||Afghanistan 91 km, Bhutan 477 km, Burma 2129 km, India 2659 km, Kazakhstan 1765 km, North Korea 1352 km, Kyrgyzstan 1063 km, Laos 475 km, Mongolia 4630 km, Nepal 1389 km, Pakistan 438 km, Russia (northeast) 4133 km, Russia (northwest) 46 km, Tajikistan 477 km, Vietnam 1297 km|
|Climate||Extremely diverse; tropical in south to subarctic in north|
|Coordinates||35 00 N, 105 00 E|
|Mean Elevation||1,840 m|
|Lowest Elevation||-154 m|
|Highest Elevation||8,848 m|
|Mount Everest (highest peak in Asia and highest point on earth above sea level)|
|Ethnic Groups||Han Chinese 91.6%, Zhuang 1.3%, other (includes Hui, Manchu, Uighur, Miao, Yi, Tujia, Tibetan, Mongol, Dong, Buyei, Yao, Bai, Korean, Hani, Li, Kazakh, Dai, and other nationalities) 7.1% (2010 est.)|
|Languages||Standard Chinese or Mandarin (official; Putonghua, based on the Beijing dialect), Yue (Cantonese), Wu (Shanghainese), Minbei (Fuzhou), Minnan (Hokkien-Taiwanese), Xiang, Gan, Hakka dialects, minority languages (see Ethnic groups entry)|
|Religions||Buddhist 18.2%, Christian 5.1%, Muslim 1.8%, folk religion 21.9%, Hindu < 0.1%, Jewish < 0.1%, other 0.7% (includes Daoist (Taoist)), unaffiliated 52.2% (2010 est.)|
|Currency||Renminbi yuan (RMB)|
|GDP Per Capita||$10,261.68|
|Exports||Electrical and other machinery, including computers and telecommunications equipment, apparel, furniture, textiles|
This page was last updated on September 16, 2020