Located mostly in the Iberian Peninsula of Europe, Portugal covers an area of 92,212 sq. km.
As observed on the physical map of Portugal above, mountains and high hills cover the northern third of Portugal, including an extension of the Cantabrian Mountains from Spain.
The mainland's highest point is a peak in the Serra da Estrela, at 6,532 ft. (1,991m). Portugal's lowest point is along the Atlantic Ocean coastline.
Note: Portugal's overall highest point (Pico Volcano ) is located in the Azores (an autonomous region) on the island of Pico. It stands at 7,713 ft. (2,351 m).
Further south and west, the land slopes to rolling hills and lowlands, and a broad coastal plain.
Marked on the map is the Algarve region in the far-south that features mostly rolling plains, a few scattered mountains, and some islands and islets. Its coastline is notable for limestone caves and grottoes.
Major rivers in Portugal include the Douro, Guadiana, Mondego, and the Tagus. There are no inland lakes, as water surfaces of size are dam-originated reservoirs.
Portugal (officially, the Portuguese Republic) is divided into: 18 districts (distritos, sing. distrito) and 2 autonomous regions (regioes autonomas, sing. regiao autonoma). In alphabetical order, the districts are: Aveiro, Beja, Braga, Braganḉa, Castelo Branco, Coimbra, Evora, Faro, Guarda, Leiria, Lisboa (Lisbon), Portalegre, Porto, Santarem, Setubal, Viana do Castelo, Vila Real, and Viseu. The two autonomous regions are – Acores (Azores) and Madeira.
Located at the mouth of the Tabus River, along the coast of the Atlantic Ocean is, Lisbon – the capital and the largest city of Portugal. Lisbon is the westernmost capital city of the European mainland. It is also the administrative, cultural, economic and commercial center of Portugal. Lisbon also serves as Portugal’s chief port.
Portugal is located on the Iberian Peninsula, in South Western Europe. Portugal is geographically positioned in the Northern and Western hemispheres of the Earth. Situated in the westernmost part of Europe, Portugal is bordered by Spain in the north and east; and by Atlantic Ocean in the south and west. The small archipelagos of Azores and Madeira are in the south and southwest of Portugal in the Atlantic Ocean. Portugal shares its maritime borders with Morocco.
Portugal Bordering Countries: Spain.
Regional Maps: Map of Europe
|Legal Name||Portuguese Republic|
|38 43 N, 9 08 W|
|Independence||1143 (Kingdom of Portugal recognized); 1 December 1640 (independence reestablished following 60 years of Spanish rule); 5 October 1910 (republic proclaimed)|
|Total Area||92,090.00 km2|
|Land Area||91,470.00 km2|
|Water Area||620.00 km2|
|Total Border||1,224.0 km|
|Bordering Countries||Spain 1224 km|
|Climate||Maritime temperate; cool and rainy in north, warmer and drier in south|
|Coordinates||39 30 N, 8 00 W|
|Mean Elevation||372 m|
|Lowest Elevation||0 m|
|Highest Elevation||2,351 m|
|Ponta do Pico (Pico or Pico Alto) on Ilha do Pico in the Azores|
|Ethnic Groups||white homogeneous Mediterranean population; citizens of black African descent who immigrated to mainland during decolonization number less than 100,000; since 1990, Eastern Europeans have migrated to Portugal|
|Languages||Portuguese (official), Mirandese (official, but locally used)|
|Religions||Roman Catholic 81%, other Christian 3.3%, other (includes Jewish, Muslim) 0.6%, none 6.8%, unspecified 8.3% (2011 est.)|
|GDP Per Capita||$23,145.04|
|Exports||Agricultural products, foodstuffs, wine, oil products, chemical products, plastics and rubber, hides, leather, wood and cork, wood pulp and paper, textile materials, clothing, footwear, machinery and tools, base metals|
This page was last updated on November 9, 2020