Sweden, a Nordic nation in Northern Europe, covers an area of 450,295 sq. km.
The topography of the country is largely shaped by ice. During the last Ice Age, much of Sweden was covered by a thick layer of ice. By 6,000 BC, when that ice finally retreated (or melted) it left in its wake a deeply-indented coastline (in the south) with many islands, and innumerable lakes, rivers and streams spread across the entire country.
As observed on the physical map of Sweden, to the north (above the Arctic Circle) Sweden is rugged with snow-covered mountains and thick forests. Central Sweden is dominated by lower mountains in the west that give way to heavily forested hills and ridges, dozens and dozens of rivers and an estimated 101,000 lakes. In the south, large lakes (some linked by canals) and widely cultivated plains stretch across the land.
Sweden's border with Norway is covered by the Scandinavian Mountains, or in Swedish, the Kolen (or Kjolen) Mountains. These are relatively low-level mountains, as Sweden's highest point, Kebnekaise, stands at just 2,111 meters (about 7,000 ft.) It has been marked on the map by a yellow upright triangle.
The country has a 3,218 km (2,000 mi) long coastline to the east. Sweden's coastal areas include several small islands and reefs, especially in the east and southwest. Directly south of Stockholm (a city of islands) are Gotland and Oland, Sweden's largest islands. White sandy beaches are common along the southern coastline.
Significant lakes include Siljan, Storsjom, Varern and Vattern, and with few exceptions, the balance of Sweden's lakes are on the small side.
Sweden's largest rivers include the Angerman, Eman, Indal, Lagan, Ljusnan, Lule, Osterdal, Skellefte, Storuman, Torne and Ume.
The lowest point in the country is Kristianstad at −2.41 m (−7.9 ft). It has been marked on the map by an inverted triangle.
Sweden (officially, the Kingdom of Sweden) is divided into 21 counties (Ian) and 290 municipalities (kommuner). In alphabetical order, these counties are: Blekinge, Dalarna, Gavleborg, Gotland, Halland, Jamtland, Jonkoping, Kalmar, Kronoberg, Norrbotten, Orebro, Ostergotland, Skane, Sodermanland, Stockholm, Uppsala, Varmland, Vasterbotten, Vasternorrland, Vastmanland and Vastra Gotaland. The municipalities are further divided into 2512 parishes (forsamlinger).
With an area of 450,295 sq. km, Sweden is the largest country in Northern Europe. It is also the 5th largest country in Europe and the 3rd largest country in EU. Located on the south-central east coast of Sweden is, Stockholm – the capital, the largest and the most populous city of Sweden. Stockholm is the cultural, administrative and economic center of Sweden. Stockholm is also Sweden’s financial capital. The city’s location establishes it as one of the world’s most beautiful and spectacular cities. On the west coast of Sweden is Gothenburg – the 2nd largest city in Sweden.
Sweden is a Northern European country located on the Scandinavian Peninsula. It is situated both in the Northern and Eastern hemispheres of the Earth. Sweden is bordered by 3 countries: by Finland in the east; by Norway in the north and west; by Denmark in the southwest (via a bridge-tunnel through Oresund Strait). It is bounded by the Gulf of Bothnia and the Baltic Sea in the east and south; and by the Skagerrak and Kattegat straits in the southwest. Sweden shares its maritime borders with Germany, Denmark, Poland, Russia, Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia.
Sweden Bordering Countries: Finland.
Regional Maps: Map of Europe
|Legal Name||Kingdom of Sweden|
|59 20 N, 18 03 E|
|Independence||6 June 1523 (Gustav VASA elected king of Sweden, marking the abolishment of the Kalmar Union between Denmark, Norway, and Sweden)|
|Total Area||450,295.00 km2|
|Land Area||410,335.00 km2|
|Water Area||39,960.00 km2|
|Total Border||2,211.0 km|
|Bordering Countries||Finland 545 km, Norway 1666 km|
|Climate||Temperate in south with cold, cloudy winters and cool, partly cloudy summers; subarctic in north|
|Coordinates||62 00 N, 15 00 E|
|Mean Elevation||320 m|
|Lowest Elevation||-2 m|
|reclaimed bay of Lake Hammarsjon, near Kristianstad|
|Highest Elevation||2,111 m|
|Ethnic Groups||Swedish 80.9%, Syrian 1.8%, Finnish 1.4%, Iraqi 1.4%, other 14.5% (2018 est.)|
|Religions||Church of Sweden (Lutheran) 60.2%, other (includes Roman Catholic, Orthodox, Baptist, Muslim, Jewish, and Buddhist) 8.5%, none or unspecified 31.3% (2017 est.)|
|Currency||Swedish kronor (SEK)|
|GDP Per Capita||$51,610.07|
|Exports||Machinery (26%), motor vehicles, paper products, pulp and wood, iron and steel products, chemicals (2016 est.)|
This page was last updated on November 9, 2020