Estonia is a Baltic country in Northern Europe with an area of 45,227 km2(17,462 sq mi). As observed on the physical map of Estonia, the country is mostly low and flat (close to sea level). It is also nearly surrounded by water on all sides.
Estonia has 3,794 km (2,357 mi) of coastline indented by numerous bays, straits, and inlets. The number of islands and islets is estimated at some 2,222; most are small with a few large islands off the western coastline. Some of the major islands like Saaremaa, Vormsi, Kardla, Muhu, Kihnu, etc., have been shown on the map above.
Central and south, the land is hillier, rising to its highest point - the Munamagi - at 1,042 ft. (318m). A yellow upright triangle marks the position of this point on the map. The country's average elevation reaches only 50 meters (164 ft).
Over 1,400 small lakes dot the western parts of the country. The largest lakes includes Peipus and Pskov, (shared with Russia) and Lake Vorts-Jarv.
Rivers of size include the Emojogi, Manamagi and Parnu. The lowest point in Estonia is 0 m at sea level.
Estonia (officially, the Republic of Estonia) is divided into 15 counties (maakonnad, sing. maakond) and further into 64 parishes or municipalities. The counties are: Harju, Hiiu, Ida-Viru, Jarva, Jogeva, Laane, Laane-Viru, Parnu, Polva, Rapla, Saare, Tartu, Valga, Viljandi, and Voru.
Estonia occupies an area of 45,227 sq. km, including a mainland and 2,222 islands. Located in north-western Estonia on the southern coast of the Gulf of Finland is, Tallinn – the capital, the largest and the most populous city of Estonia. It is also the administrative, cultural, educational and financial center of the country.
Estonia is a Northern European nation and the northernmost of the three Baltic republics. It is geographically positioned both in the Northern and Eastern hemispheres of the Earth. Estonia is bordered by Russia in the east and Latvia in the south. It is also bounded by the Gulf of Finland in the north, the Baltic Sea in the west and the Lake Peipus in the east. Estonia shares its maritime borders with Finland and Sweden.
Regional Maps: Map of Europe
|Legal Name||Republic of Estonia|
|59 26 N, 24 43 E|
|Independence||20 August 1991 (declared); 6 September 1991 (recognized by the Soviet Union)|
|Total Area||45,228.00 km2|
|Land Area||42,388.00 km2|
|Water Area||2,840.00 km2|
|Total Border||657.0 km|
|Bordering Countries||Latvia 333 km, Russia 324 km|
|Climate||Maritime; wet, moderate winters, cool summers|
|Coordinates||59 00 N, 26 00 E|
|Mean Elevation||61 m|
|Lowest Elevation||0 m|
|Highest Elevation||318 m|
|Ethnic Groups||Estonian 68.7%, Russian 24.8%, Ukrainian 1.7%, Belarusian 1%, Finn 0.6%, other 1.6%, unspecified 1.6% (2011 est.)|
|Languages||Estonian (official) 68.5%, Russian 29.6%, Ukrainian 0.6%, other 1.2%, unspecified 0.1% (2011 est.)|
|Religions||Orthodox 16.2%, Lutheran 9.9%, other Christian (including Methodist, Seventh-Day Adventist, Roman Catholic, Pentecostal) 2.2%, other 0.9%, none 54.1%, unspecified 16.7% (2011 est.)|
|GDP Per Capita||$23,659.87|
|Exports||Machinery and electrical equipment 30%, food products and beverages 9%, mineral fuels 6%, wood and wood products 14%, articles of base metals 7%, furniture and bedding 11%, vehicles and parts 3%, chemicals 4% (2016 est.)|
This page was last updated on November 9, 2020