1. Home
  2. Europe
  3. Estonia

Maps of Estonia

Physical Map of Estonia showing terrain, major rivers, extreme points, main islands, major lakes, important cities, international boundaries, etc.

Estonia is a Baltic country in Northern Europe with an area of 45,227 km2(17,462 sq mi). As observed on the physical map of Estonia, the country is mostly low and flat (close to sea level). It is also nearly surrounded by water on all sides.

Estonia has 3,794 km (2,357 mi) of coastline indented by numerous bays, straits, and inlets. The number of islands and islets is estimated at some 2,222; most are small with a few large islands off the western coastline. Some of the major islands like Saaremaa, Vormsi, Kardla, Muhu, Kihnu, etc., have been shown on the map above.

Central and south, the land is hillier, rising to its highest point - the Munamagi - at 1,042 ft. (318m). A yellow upright triangle marks the position of this point on the map. The country's average elevation reaches only 50 meters (164 ft).

Over 1,400 small lakes dot the western parts of the country. The largest lakes includes Peipus and Pskov, (shared with Russia) and Lake Vorts-Jarv.

Rivers of size include the Emojogi, Manamagi and Parnu. The lowest point in Estonia is 0 m at sea level.

Counties of Estonia Map

Political Map of Estonia showing its 15 counties and the capital city of Tallinn

Estonia (officially, the Republic of Estonia) is divided into 15 counties (maakonnad, sing. maakond) and further into 64 parishes or municipalities. The counties are: Harju, Hiiu, Ida-Viru, Jarva, Jogeva, Laane, Laane-Viru, Parnu, Polva, Rapla, Saare, Tartu, Valga, Viljandi, and Voru.

Estonia occupies an area of 45,227 sq. km, including a mainland and 2,222 islands. Located in north-western Estonia on the southern coast of the Gulf of Finland is, Tallinn – the capital, the largest and the most populous city of Estonia. It is also the administrative, cultural, educational and financial center of the country.

Where is Estonia?

Map showing location of Estonia in the world.

Estonia is a Northern European nation and the northernmost of the three Baltic republics. It is geographically positioned both in the Northern and Eastern hemispheres of the Earth. Estonia is bordered by Russia in the east and Latvia in the south. It is also bounded by the Gulf of Finland in the north, the Baltic Sea in the west and the Lake Peipus in the east. Estonia shares its maritime borders with Finland and Sweden.

Estonia Bordering Countries: Russia, Latvia.

Regional Maps: Map of Europe

Outline Map of Estonia

Blank outline map of Estonia

The above blank map represents the Republic of Estonia, a Baltic country located in Northern Europe. The above map can be downloaded, printed and used for educational purposes like map-pointing activities and coloring.

Outline Map of Estonia

The above outline map represents Estonia, a Northern European nation. Estonia is the smallest and the northernmost of the three Baltic nations.

Key Facts

Legal Name Republic of Estonia
Capital City Tallinn
59 26 N, 24 43 E
Independence 20 August 1991 (declared); 6 September 1991 (recognized by the Soviet Union)


Total Area 45,228.00 km2
Land Area 42,388.00 km2
Water Area 2,840.00 km2
Total Border 657.0 km
Coastline 3,794.0 km
Bordering Countries Latvia 333 km, Russia 324 km
Climate Maritime; wet, moderate winters, cool summers
Coordinates 59 00 N, 26 00 E
Mean Elevation 61 m
Lowest Elevation 0 m
Baltic Sea
Highest Elevation 318 m
Suur Munamagi


Population 1,326,590
Largest City

Tallinn (445,259)

Ethnic Groups Estonian 68.7%, Russian 24.8%, Ukrainian 1.7%, Belarusian 1%, Finn 0.6%, other 1.6%, unspecified 1.6% (2011 est.)
Languages Estonian (official) 68.5%, Russian 29.6%, Ukrainian 0.6%, other 1.2%, unspecified 0.1% (2011 est.)
Religions Orthodox 16.2%, Lutheran 9.9%, other Christian (including Methodist, Seventh-Day Adventist, Roman Catholic, Pentecostal) 2.2%, other 0.9%, none 54.1%, unspecified 16.7% (2011 est.)


Currency euros (EUR)
GDP $31.39 Billion
GDP Per Capita $23,659.87
Exports Machinery and electrical equipment 30%, food products and beverages 9%, mineral fuels 6%, wood and wood products 14%, articles of base metals 7%, furniture and bedding 11%, vehicles and parts 3%, chemicals 4% (2016 est.)

This page was last updated on October 27, 2020

Latest by WorldAtlas