Romania is a European nation occupying an area of 238,397 sq. km. As can be observed on the physical map of Romania, the country's landscape is almost evenly divided among mountains, hills, and plains.
As for mountains, the medium-sized Carpathians extend through the center of the country in a wide arc, and they are the source of several rivers. Also visible on the map above is the Transylvanian Alps, a range of the Carpathians that divide central and southern Romania. The country's highest point, Mt. Moldoveanu, is located there. It stands at 2,544 m (8,346 ft). A yellow upright triangle marks its position on the map.
Beyond the Carpathian foothills, the land slopes down into rolling hills and plains. The low-lying Romanian Plain, to the south of Craiova, extends east to the Black Sea.The country's lowest land is found along the Danube Delta, an area of marshes, floating reed islands, and sandbanks.
The Danube River travels some 1,075 km through or along Romanian territory, forming much of the southern borders with Serbia and Bulgaria.
The Danube itself is Europe's second-longest river after the Volga. It rises in the Black Forest in Germany, then flows southeastward for a distance of some 2850 km (1771 miles).
Other rivers of note include the Arges, Dambovita, Ialomita, Jiu, Mures, Olt, Prut, Siret and Somes.
Numerous small lakes occur throughout the country. There are also a dozen, or so, reservoirs of size.The Prut River forms its eastern border with Moldova, and the Danube River forms its southern border with Bulgaria, then flowing north and east into the Black Sea.
Romania is divided into 41 counties (judete, sing. judet) and 1 municipality (municipiu). In alphabetical order, the counties are: Alba, Arad, Arges, Bacau, Bihor, Bistrita-Nasaud, Botosani, Braila, Brasov, Buzau, Calarasi, Caras-Severin, Cluj, Constanta, Covasna, Dambovita, Dolj, Galati, Gorj, Giurgiu, Harghita, Hunedoara, Ialomita, Iasi, Ilfov, Maramures, Mehedinti, Mures, Neamt, Olt, Prahova, Salaj, SatuMare, Sibiu, Suceava, Teleorman, Timis, Tulcea, Vaslui, Valcea, and Vrancea. Bucuresti (Bucharest) is the municipality.
With an area of 238,397 sq. km, Romania is the 12th largest country in Europe. With a population of over 20 million people, Romania is the 7th most populous country of EU. Located in the south eastern part of the country is Bucharest – the capital and the largest city of Romania. It is also the cultural, administrative and economic center of Romania. Bucharest is the most prosperous city in the country and the 6th largest city in EU.
Romania is a country located in Central-South Eastern Europe. Romania is positioned both in the Northern and Eastern hemispheres of the Earth. Romania is bordered by 5 European Nations: Ukraine in the north; Moldova in the northeast; Bulgaria in the south, Serbia in the southwest and Hungary in the west. It is bounded by the Black Sea in the southeast.
Regional Maps: Map of Europe
|44 26 N, 26 06 E|
|Independence||9 May 1877 (independence proclaimed from the Ottoman Empire; 13 July 1878 (independence recognized by the Treaty of Berlin); 26 March 1881 (kingdom proclaimed); 30 December 1947 (republic proclaimed)|
|Total Area||238,391.00 km2|
|Land Area||229,891.00 km2|
|Water Area||8,500.00 km2|
|Total Border||2,844.0 km|
|Bordering Countries||Bulgaria 605 km, Hungary 424 km, Moldova 683 km, Serbia 531 km, Ukraine 601 km|
|Climate||Temperate; cold, cloudy winters with frequent snow and fog; sunny summers with frequent showers and thunderstorms|
|Coordinates||46 00 N, 25 00 E|
|Mean Elevation||414 m|
|Lowest Elevation||0 m|
|Highest Elevation||2,544 m|
|Ethnic Groups||Romanian 83.4%, Hungarian 6.1%, Romani 3.1%, Ukrainian 0.3%, German 0.2%, other 0.7%, unspecified 6.1% (2011 est.)|
|Languages||Romanian (official) 85.4%, Hungarian 6.3%, Romani 1.2%, other 1%, unspecified 6.1% (2011 est.)|
|Religions||Eastern Orthodox (including all sub-denominations) 81.9%, Protestant (various denominations including Reformed and Pentecostal) 6.4%, Roman Catholic 4.3%, other (includes Muslim) 0.9%, none or atheist 0.2%, unspecified 6.3% (2011 est.)|
|GDP Per Capita||$12,919.53|
|Exports||Machinery and equipment, other manufactured goods, agricultural products and foodstuffs, metals and metal products, chemicals, minerals and fuels, raw materials|
This page was last updated on November 9, 2020