Serbia, a landlocked country located in the Balkan Peninsula's central region. Including the disputed territory of Kosovo, Serbia's area is 88,361 km2(34,116 sq mi). However, excluding Kosovo, Serbia has an area of 77,474 km2(29,913 sq mi).
As observed on the physical map of Serbia, the rugged mountains, hills and valleys of the Dinaric Alps slice through Serbia west of the Morava River, while the toothy-edged Balkan Mountains form its natural borders with Bulgaria and Romania.
The highest point in Serbia is Deravica on Prokletije rising to 8,713 ft. (2,656 m) in the region of Kosovo. A yellow triangle marks its position on the map.
A fertile river floodplain (the Pannonian) stretches from Belgrade north to the borders with Croatia, Hungary, and Romania.
Natural lakes in Serbia are rare as a result of the rugged terrain, and the ones that do exist -such as the glacial lake Palic- are mostly located in Vojvodina.
Serbia's largest artificial lake, resulting from a hydroelectric dam, is Derdap located on the Danube.
Significant rivers include the Danube, Drina, Lim, Morava, Sava and Tara. The lowest point in the country is at the Timok River mouth at 28 m.
Serbia (officially, Republic of Serbia) is divided into 29 districts. In alphabetical order, the districts are: Bor, Braniceva, Central Banat, Jablanica, Kolubara, Kosovo, Kosovska Mitrovica, Kosovo-Pomoravlje, Macva, Moravica, North Backa, North Banat, Nisava, Pcinja, Pec, Pirot, Podunavlje, Pomoravlje, Prizren, Rasina, Raska, South Backa, South Banat, Srem, Sumadija, Toplica, West Backa, Zajecar and Zlatibor. The capital city of Belgrade constitutes an additional district. Serbia is also divided into 145 municipalities (opstine, singular - opstina) and 29 cities (gradovi, singular - grad).
Located in north-central part of the county, at the confluence of Danube and Sava Rivers is, Belgrade – the capital and the largest city of Serbia. Belgrade is the administrative, cultural, industrial and commercial center of the country. It is also the economical, communications and transportation hub of Serbia.
Serbia is a landlocked country located in the central part of the Balkan Peninsula in South Eastern Europe. It is positioned both in the Northern and Eastern hemispheres of the Earth. Serbia is bordered by 8 Nations: by Romania in the northeast; Hungary in the north; North Macedonia in the south; Bulgaria in the southeast; Montenegro in the southwest; and Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina in the west.
Regional Maps: Map of Europe
|Legal Name||Republic of Serbia|
|Capital City||Belgrade (Beograd)|
|44 50 N, 20 30 E|
|Independence||5 June 2006 (from the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro); notable earlier dates: 1217 (Serbian Kingdom established); 16 April 1346 (Serbian Empire established); 13 July 1878 (Congress of Berlin recognizes Serbian independence); 1 December 1918 (Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes (Yugoslavia) established)|
|Total Area||77,474.00 km2|
|Land Area||77,474.00 km2|
|Water Area||0.00 km2|
|Total Border||2,322.0 km|
|Bordering Countries||Bosnia and Herzegovina 345 km, Bulgaria 344 km, Croatia 314 km, Hungary 164 km, Kosovo 366 km, Macedonia 101 km, Montenegro 157 km, Romania 531 km|
|Climate||In the north, continental climate (cold winters and hot, humid summers with well-distributed rainfall); in other parts, continental and mediterranean climate (relatively cold winters with heavy snowfall and hot, dry summers and autumns)|
|Coordinates||44 00 N, 21 00 E|
|Mean Elevation||442 m|
|Lowest Elevation||35 m|
|Danube and Timok Rivers|
|Highest Elevation||2,169 m|
Beograd (Belgrade) (1,397,939)
|Ethnic Groups||Serb 83.3%, Hungarian 3.5%, Romani 2.1%, Bosniak 2%, other 5.7%, undeclared or unknown 3.4% (2011 est.)|
|Languages||Serbian (official) 88.1%, Hungarian 3.4%, Bosnian 1.9%, Romani 1.4%, other 3.4%, undeclared or unknown 1.8% (2011 est.)|
|Religions||Orthodox 84.6%, Catholic 5%, Muslim 3.1%, Protestant 1%, atheist 1.1%, other 0.8% (includes agnostics, other Christians, Eastern, Jewish), undeclared or unknown 4.5% (2011 est.)|
|Currency||Serbian dinars (RSD)|
|GDP Per Capita||$7,402.35|
|Exports||Automobiles, iron and steel, rubber, clothes, wheat, fruit and vegetables, nonferrous metals, electric appliances, metal products, weapons and ammunition|
This page was last updated on November 9, 2020