An island country in the North Atlantic, Ireland has an area of 84,421 km2 (32,595 sq mi). As observed on the physical map of Ireland above, the country has a significantly diverse topography despite its small size.
Ireland's central lowlands of flat rolling plains are dissected by bogs, loughs (lakes) and rivers, and surrounded by hills and low mountains.
The major mountain ranges include the Blackstairs, Bluestack, Comeragh, Derryveagh, Macgillycuddy's Reeks, Nephinbeg, Ox, Silvermines, Slieve Mish, Twelve Pins, and Wicklow.
The country's highest point, Carrauntuohill, in the far southwest, stands at 1041 m (3414 ft.) high. The yellow upright triangle marks its position on the map.
The western coastline includes numerous sea cliffs. The most famous, and some say the most beautiful in all of Europe, are the Cliff of Moher. They reach a maximum height of just over 213 m (700 ft.)
As observed on the map above, Ireland has dozens of coastal islands, including Achill, the country's largest. Others of significance include the Aran Islands to the southwest of Galway and Valentia Island just off the Iveragh Peninsula. Other peninsulas of note include the Beara and Dingle.
The River Shannon at 386 km (240 miles) long is Ireland's longest river. It widens into four loughs (lakes) along its route, including Lough Allen, Lough Bafin, Lough Derg and Lough Ree. Other inland loughs of note are the Conn, Corrib and Mask.
Besides the Shannon, additional rivers of size are the Barrow, Blackwater, Boyne, Finn, Lee, Liffey, Nore, Slaney and Suir.
The lowest point of Ireland is the sea at 0 m.
Ireland (officially, the Republic of Ireland) is divided into 26 county councils, 3 city councils, 2 city & county councils.
The county councils are: Carlow, Dun Laoghaire Rathdown, Fingal, South Dublin, Kildare, Kilkenny, Laois, Longford, Louth, Meath, Offaly, Westmeath, Wexford, Wicklow, Clare, Cork, Kerry, Tipperary, Galway, Leitrium, Mayo, Roscommon, Sligo, Cavan, Donegal and Monaghan.
The city councils are: Dublin city council, Cork city council and Galway city council.
The city and county councils are: Limerick city and county council, Waterford city and county council.
Located in the eastern part of the country is, Dublin – the capital, the largest and the most populous city in Ireland. It is also the major cultural, financial, commercial center and the chief maritime port of Ireland.
Ireland is located off the north western coastline of continental Europe. It is geographically positioned both in the Northern and Western hemispheres of the Earth. Ireland is the 2nd largest island of the British Isles and lies in the west of Great Britain. It shares a land border with Northern Ireland (a recognised constitutionally distinct region of UK). Ireland is bounded by the Atlantic Ocean – by the Celtic Sea in the south; by the St. George’s Channel in the southeast and by the Irish Sea in the east.
Ireland Bordering Countries: The United Kingdom.
Regional Maps: Map of Europe
|53 19 N, 6 14 W|
|Independence||6 December 1921 (from the UK by the Anglo-Irish Treaty, which ended British rule); 6 December 1922 (Irish Free State established); 18 April 1949 (Republic of Ireland Act enabled)|
|Total Area||70,273.00 km2|
|Land Area||68,883.00 km2|
|Water Area||1,390.00 km2|
|Total Border||490.0 km|
|Bordering Countries||UK 490 km|
|Climate||Temperate maritime; modified by north atlantic current; mild winters, cool summers; consistently humid; overcast about half the time|
|Coordinates||53 00 N, 8 00 W|
|Mean Elevation||118 m|
|Lowest Elevation||0 m|
|Highest Elevation||1,041 m|
|Ethnic Groups||Irish 82.2%, Irish travelers 0.7%, other white 9.5%, Asian 2.1%, black 1.4%, other 1.5%, unspecified 2.6% (2016 est.)|
|Languages||English (official, the language generally used), Irish (Gaelic or Gaeilge) (official, spoken by approximately 39.8% of the population as of 2016; mainly spoken in areas along Ireland's western coast known as gaeltachtai, which are officially recognized regions where Irish is the predominant language)|
|Religions||Roman Catholic 78.3%, Church of Ireland 2.7%, other Christian 1.6%, Orthodox 1.3%, Muslim 1.3%, other 2.4%, none 9.8%, unspecified 2.6% (2016 est.)|
|GDP Per Capita||$78,660.96|
|Exports||Machinery and equipment, computers, chemicals, medical devices, pharmaceuticals; foodstuffs, animal products|
This page was last updated on October 27, 2020