Vatican City is the world's smallest country. It covers an area of only 0.19 sq mi or 0.49 sq. km. It sits on a low hill known as the Vatican Hill. The highest point here is at 250 ft (76 m) and the lowest point is at 63 ft (19 m). The country lacks any rivers of lakes.
Vatican City (officially, the Vatican City State) has no administrative divisions. With an area of 0.49 sq. km, and a population of just 825 residents, Vatican City is the world’s smallest independent nation-state and the residence of the spiritual leadership of the Roman Catholic Church.
Vatican is located in the south-central region of Europe, on the west banks of Tiber River. It is situated both in the Northern and Eastern hemispheres of the Earth. The territory of Vatican City is completely surrounded by Rome (Italy). It is thus an enclave of Italy.
Vatican Bordering Countries: Italy.
Regional Maps: Map of Europe
|Legal Name||The Holy See (Vatican City State)|
|Capital City||Vatican City|
|41 54 N, 12 27 E|
|Independence||11 February 1929; note - the three treaties signed with Italy on 11 February 1929 acknowledged, among other things, the full sovereignty of the Holy See and established its territorial extent; however, the origin of the Papal States, which over centuries varied considerably in extent, may be traced back to A.D. 754|
|Total Area||0.44 km2|
|Land Area||0.44 km2|
|Water Area||0.00 km2|
|Total Border||3.0 km|
|Bordering Countries||Italy 3.4 km|
|Climate||Temperate; mild, rainy winters (september to may) with hot, dry summers (may to september)|
|Coordinates||41 54 N, 12 27 E|
|Mean Elevation||0 m|
|Lowest Elevation||19 m|
|Saint Peter's Square|
|Highest Elevation||78 m|
|Vatican Gardens (Vatican Hill)|
|Ethnic Groups||Italian, Swiss, Argentinian, and other nationalities from around the world (2017)|
|Languages||Italian, Latin, French, various other languages|
This page was last updated on November 9, 2020