Armenia covers an area of 29,743 sq. km (11,484 sq mi) in Eurasia's South Caucasus region. It is a landlocked country.
As observed on the physical map of Armenia above, the topography of the country is very rugged and mountainous. Nearly the entire land is covered by the Lesser (or Little) Caucasus Mountains. The highest point is Mt. Aragats at 13,418 ft. (4,090m). A yellow triangle marks the highest point on the map.
Rivers flow fast down through the mountains, and although much of Armenia's land remains at or above 6,562 ft (2,000 m) at least 3% form the valleys of the Araks and Debet rivers.
Lake Sevan is the largest lake and it sits 6,000 ft, (2,000 m) above sea level. Significant rivers include the Aras, Debet and Razdan.
Armenia (officially, the Republic of Armenia) is divided into 11 provinces (marzer, sing. marz). In alphabetical order, these provinces are: Aragatsotn, Ararat, Armavir, Geghark’unik’, Kotayk’, Lorri, Shirak, Syunik’, Tavush, Vayots’Dzor and Yerevan. The Yerevan province has been granted special administrative status. The provinces are further subdivided into municipal communities.
Located at the center –west part of the country, along the Hrazdan River is, Yerevan – the capital and largest city of Armenia. It is also the political, cultural and economic center of Armenia.
Armenia is a landlocked country, located in the south of Caucasus mountain range (south eastern region of Europe or Western Asia) and facing the north western part of Asia. Armenia is situated in the Northern and Eastern hemispheres of the Earth. It is bounded by Georgia in the north, Azerbaijan in the east, Iran in the southeast and Turkey in the west.
Note: Armenia views itself as a part of Europe; geopolitically, it can be classified as falling within Europe, the Middle East or both.
Regional Maps: Map of Asia
|Legal Name||Republic of Armenia|
|40 10 N, 44 30 E|
|Independence||21 September 1991 (from the Soviet Union); notable earlier dates: 321 B.C. (Kingdom of Armenia established under the Orontid Dynasty), A.D. 884 (Armenian Kingdom reestablished under the Bagratid Dynasty); 1198 (Cilician Kingdom established); 28 May 1918 (Democratic Republic of Armenia declared)|
|Total Area||29,743.00 km2|
|Land Area||28,203.00 km2|
|Water Area||1,540.00 km2|
|Total Border||1,570.0 km|
|Bordering Countries||Azerbaijan 996 km, Georgia 219 km, Iran 44 km, Turkey 311 km|
|Climate||Highland continental, hot summers, cold winters|
|Coordinates||40 00 N, 45 00 E|
|Mean Elevation||1,792 m|
|Lowest Elevation||400 m|
|Highest Elevation||4,090 m|
|Ethnic Groups||Armenian 98.1%, Yezidi (Kurd) 1.2%, other 0.7% (2011 est.)|
|Languages||Armenian (official) 97.9%, Kurdish (spoken by Yezidi minority) 1%, other 1% (2011 est.)|
|Religions||Armenian Apostolic 92.6%, Evangelical 1%, other 2.4%, none 1.1%, unspecified 2.9% (2011 est.)|
|GDP Per Capita||$4,622.73|
|Exports||Unwrought copper, pig iron, nonferrous metals, gold, diamonds, mineral products, foodstuffs, brandy, cigarettes, energy|
This page was last updated on November 9, 2020