Covering an area of 51, 129 sq. km, Bosnia and Herzegovina is located in the western part of the Balkan Peninsula, in the southeastern region of the European continent. At first glance, it might appear as though Bosnia and Herzegovina are landlocked but upon closer inspection, a small coastline is present in the south of the nation. Bosnia and Herzegovina share three land borders with their neighbors Montenegro, Serbia, and Croatia.
The Dinaric Alps dominate the Bosnian landscape. Nearly two-thirds of the entire nation is made up of hills and mountains. Situated near the country’s border with Montenegro is Mount Maglic – the country’s highest point, which rises to an elevation of 7,828ft (2,386m). The center of Bosnia and Herzegovina tends to be much colder than the south thanks to the high elevation.
Thick forests cover almost 50% of the country’s land. In the northern part of Bosnia along the Sava River valley is the Pannonian Plain - a hilly, fertile plain that stretches from east to west. Agriculture plays a large role in this part of the nation.
The Adriatic Sea is accessible through a small strip of land, about 12 miles (20km) wide in the far-southwest. A much more temperate Mediterranean climate can be found here compared to the north of the country. The significant rivers include the Neretva, Sava, Vrbas, Drina, Una, and Bosna rivers. Many of Bosnia and Herzegovina's largest cities can be found along the banks of its many rivers including the nation's capital Sarajevo.
Bosnia and Herzegovina consist of 2 first-order administrative divisions and 1 internationally supervised district. The two administrative divisions are The Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Republika Srpska. The country is also divided into 10 cantons. The Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina is further subdivided into 74 municipalities and the Republika Srpska is further subdivided into 63 municipalities.
Brcko district located in the northeastern part of Bosnia, is a self-governing administrative unit under the sovereignty of Bosnia and Herzegovina which is formally held in a condominium between the two entities. The District remains under international supervision.
In addition to these divisions, Bosnia and Herzegovina have four “official cities”, namely Sarajevo, Banja Luka, Mostar, and East Sarajevo.
Covering an area of 51, 129 sq. km, Bosnia and Herzegovina is located in the western part of the Balkan Peninsula, in the southeastern region of the European continent. Located in the narrow Miljacka River valley at the foot of Mount Trebecic is Sarajevo – the capital and the largest city of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It serves as an administrative, commercial, social, and cultural center of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Bosnia and Herzegovina is a country located in the western part of the Balkan Peninsula, in the southeastern region of the European continent. It is geographically positioned both in the Northern and Eastern hemispheres of the Earth. Bosnia and Herzegovina is bordered by the country of Croatia to the north, west, and south; by Serbia to the east, by Montenegro to the southeast; as well as by a short stretch of the Adriatic Sea in the southwest.
Regional Maps: Map of Europe
|Bosnia and Herzegovina
|43 52 N, 18 25 E
|Konvertibilna markas (BAM)
|GDP Per Capita
This page was last updated on December 17, 2023