Noted for its diversity, Bulgaria's landscape ranges from mountainous peaks covered in snow to valleys and lowlands giving way to the coast of the Black Sea. The Balkan Mountains cut across the central part of the country, while the Rhodope Mountains run through southern Bulgaria, along its border with Greece. The highest point in the country, located in the Rila Mountains, is Musala Mt., at 9,594 ft. (2,925 m). Moving on north of the Balkan Mountains the fertile lowlands of the Danubian Plain slope gradually down to the Danube River. The south-eastern lowlands (Maritsa Basin), drained by a series of small rivers, slope to the Black Sea. Major rivers include the Danube River, as it forms the northern border with Romania, and the Iskur, Maritsa, Struma, Tundzha and Yantra rivers.
Bulgaria (officially, the Republic of Bulgaria) is divided into 28 provinces (oblasti, sing. oblast). In alphabetical order, the provinces are: Blagoevgrad, Burgas, Dobrich, Gabrovo, Haskovo, Kardzhali, Kyustendil, Lovech, Montana, Pazardzhik, Pernik, Pleven, Plovdiv, Razgrad, Ruse, Shumen, Silistra, Sliven, Smolyan, Sofia, Sofia-Grad (Sofia City), Stara Zagora, Targovishte, Varna, Veliko-Tarnovo, Vidin, Vratsa and Yambol. These provinces are further subdivided into a total of 265 municipalities.
With an area of 110,999 sq. km, Bulgaria is the 16th largest country in Europe. Located on the slopes of the Vitosha Mountains and the Sofia Valley, at the center of the Balkan Peninsula is, Sofia – the capital, the largest and the most populous city of Bulgaria. It is the main cultural and commercial center of the country.
Bulgaria is a country located in the south eastern region of the European continent, occupying the eastern part of the Balkan Peninsula. It is geographically positioned both in the Northern and Eastern hemispheres of the Earth. Bulgaria is bordered by 5 countries: by Romania in the north; by Turkey and Greece in the south; by North Macedonia in the southwest and by Serbia in the west. It is bounded by the Black Sea in the east.
Regional Maps: Map of Europe
|Legal Name||Republic of Bulgaria|
|42 41 N, 23 19 E|
|Independence||3 March 1878 (as an autonomous principality within the Ottoman Empire); 22 September 1908 (complete independence from the Ottoman Empire)|
|Total Area||110,879.00 km2|
|Land Area||108,489.00 km2|
|Water Area||2,390.00 km2|
|Total Border||1,806.0 km|
|Bordering Countries||Greece 472 km, Macedonia 162 km, Romania 605 km, Serbia 344 km, Turkey 223 km|
|Climate||Temperate; cold, damp winters; hot, dry summers|
|Coordinates||43 00 N, 25 00 E|
|Mean Elevation||472 m|
|Lowest Elevation||0 m|
|Highest Elevation||2,925 m|
|Ethnic Groups||Bulgarian 76.9%, Turkish 8%, Romani 4.4%, other 0.7% (including Russian, Armenian, and Vlach), other (unknown) 10% (2011 est.)|
|Languages||Bulgarian (official) 76.8%, Turkish 8.2%, Romani 3.8%, other 0.7%, unspecified 10.5% (2011 est.)|
|Religions||Eastern Orthodox 59.4%, Muslim 7.8%, other (including Catholic, Protestant, Armenian Apostolic Orthodox, and Jewish) 1.7%, none 3.7%, unspecified 27.4% (2011 est.)|
|GDP Per Capita||$9,737.60|
|Exports||Clothing, footwear, iron and steel, machinery and equipment, fuels, agriculture, tobacco, it components|
This page was last updated on November 9, 2020