Croatia is a European country occupying an area of 56,594 km2(21,851 sq mi). As observed on the physical map of Croatia, despite its relatively small size, the landscape is considerably diverse.
It is made up of fertile and mostly flat plains in the north, and low mountains and highlands along the coast.
The Dinaric Alps and a few smaller mountain ranges (Velebit and Velika Kapela) slice through the country, with the highest point rising to 6,005 ft. (1,831m). The highest point has been marked on the map by a yellow upright triangle.
Along the Dalmatian coast, as well as on most of Croatia's offshore islands, the land is hilly, rocky and steep.
Natural water sources are numerous, and the country's biggest lake, Lake Vrana, extends over 12 sq. miles (30 sq. km). However, the Plitvice lakes are the most famous and are composed of a group of 16 different small lakes connected by waterfalls.
Europe's second-largest river, the Danube, forms the far northeastern border with Serbia. Other major rivers include the Drava, Krka and Save.
Croatia (officially, the Republic of Croatia) is administratively divided into 20 counties (zupanije, zupanija - singular) and 1 city with special county status (grad - singular). In alphabetical order,the counties are: Bjelovarsko-Bilogorska(Bjelovar-Bilogora), Brodsko-Posavska (Brod-Posavina), Dubrovacko-Neretvanska (Dubrovnik-Neretva), Istarska (Istria), Karlovacka (Karlovac), Koprivnicko-Krizevacka (Koprivnica-Krizevci), Krapinsko-Zagorska (Krapina-Zagorje), Licko-Senjska (Lika-Senj), Medimurska (Medimurje),Osjecko-Baranjska (Osijek-Baranja), Pozesko-Slavonska (Pozega-Slavonia), Primorsko-Goranska (Primorje-Gorski Kotar), Sibensko-Kninska (Sibenik-Knin), Sisacko-Moslavacka (Sisak-Moslavina), Splitsko-Dalmatinska (Split-Dalmatia), Varazdinska (Varazdin), Viroviticko-Podravska (Virovitica-Podravina),Vukovarsko-Srijemska (Vukovar-Syrmia), Zadarska (Zadar), and Zagrebacka (Zagreb county). Zagreb is a city with special county status.
The counties are further subdivided into 128 cities and 428 municipalities. The city of Zagreb is subdivided into 17 city districts.
Situated along the Sava River, at the southern slopes of the Medvednica Mountains, in the north western part of the country is, Zagreb – the capital and the largest city of Croatia. Zagreb is the country’s main administrative, cultural, industrial, economic and transport hub.
Croatia is located in the south eastern region of the European Continent, on the north western part of the Balkan Peninsula. It is geographically positioned both in the Northern and Eastern hemispheres of the Earth. Croatia is bordered by 5 Nations: by Slovenia in the northwest; Hungary in the northeast; Serbia in the east; Bosnia and Herzegovina and Montenegro in the southeast. It is also bounded by the Adriatic Sea in the west. Croatia shares a maritime border with Italy.
Regional Maps: Map of Europe
|Legal Name||Republic of Croatia|
|45 48 N, 16 00 E|
|Independence||25 June 1991 (from Yugoslavia); notable earlier dates: ca. 925 (Kingdom of Croatia established); 1 December 1918 (Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes (Yugoslavia) established)|
|Total Area||56,594.00 km2|
|Land Area||55,974.00 km2|
|Water Area||620.00 km2|
|Total Border||2,237.0 km|
|Bordering Countries||Bosnia and Herzegovina 956 km, Hungary 348 km, Montenegro 19 km, Serbia 314 km, Slovenia 600 km|
|Climate||Mediterranean and continental; continental climate predominant with hot summers and cold winters; mild winters, dry summers along coast|
|Coordinates||45 10 N, 15 30 E|
|Mean Elevation||331 m|
|Lowest Elevation||0 m|
|Highest Elevation||1,831 m|
|Ethnic Groups||Croat 90.4%, Serb 4.4%, other 4.4% (including Bosniak, Hungarian, Slovene, Czech, and Romani), unspecified 0.8% (2011 est.)|
|Languages||Croatian (official) 95.6%, Serbian 1.2%, other 3% (including Hungarian, Czech, Slovak, and Albanian), unspecified 0.2% (2011 est.)|
|Religions||Roman Catholic 86.3%, Orthodox 4.4%, Muslim 1.5%, other 1.5%, unspecified 2.5%, not religious or atheist 3.8% (2011 est.)|
|GDP Per Capita||$14,853.24|
|Exports||Transport equipment, machinery, textiles, chemicals, foodstuffs, fuels|
This page was last updated on November 9, 2020