Austria occupies an area of 83,879 sq. km (32,386 sq mi) in south-central Europe. As observed on the physical map of Austria, the country had diverse topography with a large part of the land being mountainous.
In essence, Austria has three main geographical areas. The Lowlands of the east and southeast are the country's agriculture center. A sliver of lowland also fronts the Lake Constance area on its border with Switzerland. In the Hill Country, north of the Danube River, the land rises into forested hills and lower mountains up to its border with the Czech Republic.
Most of Austria (70%), is covered by the Alpine Region, central and west, as the Alps extend on into Austria from Switzerland. In this region several branches of the Alps dominate. The major ones include the Bavarian, Carnic and Otztaler ranges. The tallest peaks are in the central Tauern Range. The country's highest point, at 12,460 ft. (3,798 m), is located there. A yellow upright triangle marks the position of this mountain on the map. The Tauern Range eventually slopes into the Danube River Valley, and into the eastern lowlands, from Vienna, south to its border with Slovenia.
The Danube (1,771 miles) (2,850 km), is the most significant river in the country. It's the second longest river in Europe, and a vital waterway for commerce. Additional rivers of size include the Drau, Enns, Inn, Mur, Raab and Traun. Dozens and dozens of lakes run amidst the mountain ranges, especially in the south and to the immediate east of Salzburg. The largest in the county is Lake Neusiedler.
At 115.45 m (378.8 ft), Lake Neusiedl hosts the lowest point in Austria.
Austria (officially, the Republic of Austria) is divided into 9 federated states (Bundeslander). In alphabetical order, the states are: Burgenland, Carinthia, Lower Austria, Salzburg, Styria, Tyrol, Upper Austria, Vienna and Vorarlberg. These states are further subdivided into a total of 94 districts of which, 79 are district commissions and 15 are statutory cities.
Located in the north eastern part of the country, Vienna – is the capital, the largest and the most populous city of Austria. It is also the administrative, cultural and economic center of the country.
Austria is a landlocked mountainous country located in South-Central Europe. It is geographically positioned both in the Northern and Eastern hemispheres of the Earth. Austria is bordered by 8 countries: by Czech Republic in the north; by Slovakia in the northeast; by Hungary in the east; by Slovenia in the south, by Italy in the southwest; by Switzerland and Liechtenstein in the west and by Germany in the northwest.
Regional Maps: Map of Europe
|Legal Name||Republic of Austria|
|48 12 N, 16 22 E|
|Total Area||83,871.00 km2|
|Land Area||82,445.00 km2|
|Water Area||1,426.00 km2|
Wien (Vienna) (1,929,944)
|GDP Per Capita||$50,277.28|
This page was last updated on February 25, 2021