Hungary is a medium-sized, landlocked Central European country covering an area of 93,030 km2(35,920 sq mi).
As observed on the physical map of Hungary, it is mostly a flat country, dominated by the Great Hungarian Plain east of the Danube. The plain includes approximately 56% of the country's land. The terrain ranges from flat to rolling plains.
The land rises into hills and some low mountains in the north along the Slovakian border. The highest point, located in the Matra Hills, is Mt Kekes at 3,330 ft. (1,015m). A yellow upright triangle marks the position of this highest point on the map.
The lowest spot (marked by a yellow inverted triangle) is 77.6 m above sea level, located along the Tisza River in the south of Hungary, near Szeged.The Danube is the major river, as it divides the country almost in half, and is navigable within Hungary for 418 km. Additional rivers of note include the Drava and Tisza.Hungary has three major lakes. Lake Balaton, the largest at 78 km long and from 3 to 14 km wide, has an area of 592 sq km. As seen on the map, it is located in the west-central part of the country. It's central Europe's largest freshwater lake.
Hungary is administratively divided into 19 counties (megyek, singular - megye) and 1 capital city (fovaros). In alphabetical order, the counties are:Bacs-Kiskun, Baranya, Bekes, Borsod-Abauj-Zemplen, Csongrad, Fejer, Gyor-Moson-Sopron, Hajdu-Bihar, Heves, Jasz-Nagykun-Szolnok, Komarom-Esztergom, Nograd, Pest, Somogy, Szabolcs-Szatmar-Bereg, Tolna, Vas, Veszprem and Zala. Budapest is the capital city. There are also 23 cities with county rights, which are called ‘urban counties’(megyei jogu varosok, singular - megyei jogu varos). In alphabetical order, these are: Bekescsaba, Debrecen, Dunaujvaros, Eger, Erd, Gyor, Hodmezovasarhely, Kaposvar, Kecskemet, Miskolc, Nagykanizsa, Nyiregyhaza, Pecs, Salgotarjan, Sopron, Szeged, Szekesfehervar, Szekszard, Szolnok, Szombathely, Tatabanya, Veszprem and Zalaegerszeg.
The counties are subdivided into 174 districts while the capital city has 23 districts.
With an area of 93,030 sq. km, Hungary is a medium-sized member state of EU. Located at the center of the Carpathian Basin, on both the banks of the Danube River, Budapest is the capital, the largest and the most populous city of Hungary. It is the country’s major administrative, industrial and economic center.
Hungary is a landlocked Central European Nation, situated in the Carpathian Basin. It is geographically positioned both in the Northern and Eastern hemispheres of the Earth. It is bordered by 7 Nations: by Slovakia in the north; Ukraine in the northeast; Romania in the east; Serbia and Croatia in the south; Slovenia in the southwest and Austria in the west.
Regional Maps: Map of Europe
|47 30 N, 19 05 E|
|Independence||16 November 1918 (republic proclaimed); notable earlier dates: 25 December 1000 (crowning of King STEPHEN I, traditional founding date); 30 March 1867 (Austro-Hungarian dual monarchy established)|
|Total Area||93,028.00 km2|
|Land Area||89,608.00 km2|
|Water Area||3,420.00 km2|
|Total Border||2,106.0 km|
|Bordering Countries||Austria 321 km, Croatia 348 km, Romania 424 km, Serbia 164 km, Slovakia 627 km, Slovenia 94 km, Ukraine 128 km|
|Climate||Temperate; cold, cloudy, humid winters; warm summers|
|Coordinates||47 00 N, 20 00 E|
|Mean Elevation||143 m|
|Lowest Elevation||78 m|
|Highest Elevation||1,014 m|
|Ethnic Groups||Hungarian 85.6%, Romani 3.2%, German 1.9%, other 2.6%, unspecified 14.1% (2011 est.)|
|Languages||Hungarian (official) 99.6%, English 16%, German 11.2%, Russian 1.6%, Romanian 1.3%, French 1.2%, other 4.2% (2011 est.)|
|Religions||Roman Catholic 37.2%, Calvinist 11.6%, Lutheran 2.2%, Greek Catholic 1.8%, other 1.9%, none 18.2%, no response 27.2% (2011 est.)|
|GDP Per Capita||$16,475.74|
|Exports||Machinery and equipment (55.8%), other manufactures (32.7%), food products (6.8%), raw materials (2.4%), fuels and electricity (2.3%) (2017 est.)|
This page was last updated on November 9, 2020