Azerbaijan is a country covering 86,600 km2 (33,400 sq mi) in the Caucasus region of Eurasia.
As observed on the physical map of Azerbaijan, the country his highly mountainous. The Caucasus Mountains cover the north and central regions of the country. Here, many snow-capped peaks exceed 12,000 ft.
The highest point in the country, Baza-Dyuzi at 14,698 ft. (4,480m) is also located here and has been marked on the map above by a yellow triangle.
Moving southwest, the Lesser Caucasus cross the land, stretching on into Armenia, and in the far-south, the Talish Mountains help form its border with Iran.
A low flood plain covers the south-central and east, ending at the Caspian Sea; much of it below sea level. Baku, the capital city, sits on the Abseron Yasaqligi (or Apsheron Peninsula), which juts hook-line into the Caspian Sea
Significant rivers include the Alazani, Aras and Kura, and the Mangachevir Reservoir is the largest inland body of water.
Azerbaijan (officially, Republic of Azerbaijan) is divided into 66 rayons (rayonlar, sing. rayon) and 11 cities (saharlar, sing. sahar). In alphabetical order, the rayons are: Abseron, Agcabadi, Agdam, Agdas, Agstafa, Agsu, Astara, Babak, Balakan, Barda, Beylaqan, Bilasuvar, Cabrayil, Calilabad, Culfa, Daskasan, Fuzuli, Gadabay, Goranboy, Goycay, Goygol, Haciqabul, Imisli, Ismayilli, Kalbacar, Kangarli, Kurdamir, Lacin, Lankaran, Lerik, Masalli, Neftcala, Oguz, Ordubad, Qabala, Qax, Qazax, Qobustan, Quba, Qubadli, Qusar, Saatli, Sabirabad, Sabran, Sadarak, Sahbuz, Saki, Salyan, Samaxi, Samkir, Samux, Sarur, Siyazan, Susa, Tartar, Tovuz, Ucar, Xacmaz, Xizi, Xocali, Xocavand, Yardimli, Yevlax, Zangilan, Zaqatala and Zardab. The cities are: Baku, Ganca, Lankaran, Mingacevir, Naftalan, Naxcivan (Nakhichevan), Saki, Sirvan, Sumqayit, Xankandi and Yevlax.
Located on western coast of the Caspian Sea, Baku is the capital and the largest city of Azerbaijan. For its location of 28m below the sea level, Baku is largest city in the world located below the sea level and also the lowest lying national capital in the world. Baku is the administrative, cultural and economic center of Azerbaijan.
Azerbaijan is located at the junction of Eastern Europe and Western Asia along the southern flanks of the Caucasus Mountains. It is situated both in the Northern and Eastern hemispheres of the Earth. Azerbaijan is bordered by Russia in the north, Georgia in the northwest, Armenia in the west, and Iran in the south. It is bounded in the east by the Caspian Sea.
Regional Maps: Map of Asia
|Legal Name||Republic of Azerbaijan|
|Capital City||Baku (Baki, Baky)|
|40 23 N, 49 52 E|
|Independence||30 August 1991 (declared from the Soviet Union); 18 October 1991 (adopted by the Supreme Council of Azerbaijan)|
|Total Area||86,600 km2|
|Land Area||82,629 km2|
|Water Area||3,971 km2|
|Total Border||2,468 km|
|Bordering Countries||Armenia 996 km, Georgia 428 km, Iran 689 km, Russia 338 km, Turkey 17 km|
|Climate||Dry, semiarid steppe|
|Coordinates||40 30 N, 47 30 E|
|Mean Elevation||384 m|
|Lowest Elevation||-28 m|
|Highest Elevation||4,466 m|
|Ethnic Groups||Azerbaijani 91.6%, Lezghin 2%, Russian 1.3%, Armenian 1.3%, Talysh 1.3%, other 2.4% (2009 est.)|
|Languages||Azerbaijani (Azeri) (official) 92.5%, Russian 1.4%, Armenian 1.4%, other 4.7% (2009 est.)|
|Religions||Muslim 96.9% (predominantly Shia), Christian 3%, other <0.1, unaffiliated <0.1 (2010 est.)|
|Currency||Azerbaijani manats (AZN)|
|GDP Per Capita||$4,793.59|
|Exports||Oil and gas roughly 90%, machinery, foodstuffs, cotton|
This page was last updated on September 16, 2020