Switzerland, a small landlocked country, covers an area of 41,285 sq. km in Europe. The country is famous across the world for its picturesque landscapes.
As observed on the physical map above, it is a highly mountainous nation covering nearly 60% of the country's area. The Alpine ranges lie to the south and the Jura Mountains to the north.
Switzerland's highest point is Dufourspitze (Monte Rosa), in the Pennine Alps, which rises to 15,206 ft (4,634 m). Also located within the Pennine Alps is the infamous Matterhorn whose summit is 4,690 ft. (4,478 m) high. The position of these mountains have been marked on the map above.
Between the mountains, there's a hilly, central plateau that extends on through the east-west axis of the country.
Moving north, the Rhine River makes up much of Switzerland's border with Germany, as well as part of Lake Constance.
Switzerland's two largest lakes are Lake Geneva (shared with France) and Lake Neuchatel - which is the largest lake entirely within the country's borders.
Switzerland (officially, the Swiss Confederation) is divided into 26 cantons. In alphabetical order, these cantons are: Aargau (AG), Appenzell Ausserrhoden (AR), Appenzell Innerrhoden (AI), Basel-Landschaft (BL), Basel-Stadt (BS), Berne/Bern (BE), Fribourg/Freiburg (FR), Geneve [Geneva](GE), Glarus (GL), Graubuenden /Grigioni/Grischun (GR), Jura (JU), Luzern (LU), Neuchatel (NE), Nidwalden (NW), Obwalden (OW), Sankt Gallen (SG), Schaffhausen (SH), Schwyz (SZ), Solothurn (SO), Thurgall (TG), Ticino (TI), Uri (UR), Valais/Wallis (VS), Vaud (VD), Zug (ZG) and Zuerich (ZH).
Switzerland is the only country that is without an official capital city. Located on the Swiss plateau, in the west-central part of the country, the city of Bern – is the de-facto seat of the government of Switzerland. With a population of over 144,000 people, Bern is the 5th largest city and the 2nd largest canton in Switzerland. Located in the northern part of the country, Zurich (Zuerich) is the largest city of Switzerland. It is the country’s main cultural and commercial center and the most cosmopolitan city. Zurich is also a major International financial hub. Along with Geneva, it serves as a chief gateway to the Swiss country. Switzerland is one of the most popular tourist destinations in the world.
Switzerland is a landlocked mountainous country in Western and Central Europe. It is located both in the Northern and Eastern Hemispheres of the Earth. Switzerland is bordered by 5 European Nations: by Germany in the north; Italy in the south; Austria and Liechtenstein in the east and France in the west.
Regional Maps: Map of Europe
|Legal Name||Swiss Confederation|
|46 55 N, 7 28 E|
|Independence||1 August 1291 (founding of the Swiss Confederation)|
|Total Area||41,277.00 km2|
|Land Area||39,997.00 km2|
|Water Area||1,280.00 km2|
|Total Border||1,770.0 km|
|Bordering Countries||Austria 158 km, France 525 km, Italy 698 km, Liechtenstein 41 km, Germany 348 km|
|Climate||Temperate, but varies with altitude; cold, cloudy, rainy/snowy winters; cool to warm, cloudy, humid summers with occasional showers|
|Coordinates||47 00 N, 8 00 E|
|Mean Elevation||1,350 m|
|Lowest Elevation||195 m|
|Highest Elevation||4,634 m|
|Ethnic Groups||Swiss 69.5%, German 4.2%, Italian 3.2%, Portuguese 2.6%, French 2%, Kosovar 1.1%, other 17.3%, unspecified .1% (2018 est.)|
|Languages||German (or Swiss German) (official) 62.6%, French (official) 22.9%, Italian (official) 8.2%, English 5.4%, Portuguese 3.7%, Albanian 3.2%, Serbo-Croatian 2.5%, Spanish 2.4%, Romansh (official) 0.5%, other 7.7% (2017 est.)|
|Religions||Roman Catholic 35.9%, Protestant 23.8%, other Christian 5.9%, Muslim 5.4%, Jewish 0.3%, other 1.4%, none 26%, unspecified 1.4% (2017 est.)|
|Currency||Swiss francs (CHF)|
|GDP Per Capita||$81,993.73|
|Exports||Machinery, chemicals, metals, watches, agricultural products|
This page was last updated on November 9, 2020