The transcontinental country of Egypt covers an area of 1,010,408 sq. km. As observed on the physical map above, Egypt is largely covered by desert with the Nile River running south to north through the middle of the eastern half of the country to drain into the Mediterranean Sea. The river stretches from Lake Nasser in southern Egypt and runs through a narrow valley with bordering cliffs to enter Cairo where it spreads out to finally form a delta at its mouth. The Nile is called the lifeline of Egypt. Around 98% of the country's population resides in the Nile River Valley.
As observed on the map, most of Egypt is in Africa while a part of it, the Sinai Peninsula, acts as the land bridge between Africa and Asia. The Mediterranean and the Red Sea are connected through the man-made Suez Canal with the Sinai Peninsula lying to the east of this canal.
On both sides of the Nile River Valley are vast stretches of desert designated as the Eastern Desert and the Western Desert.
In the far southwest, the land rises into the Gilf Kebir Plateau, with elevations near 609 m. Sandstone plateaus front the Nile and the Red Sea, with cliffs as high as 548 m. In the far southeast, the Red Sea Mountains, an extension of the Ethiopian Highlands, continue into Sudan.
Lake Nassar, the largest lake in Egypt can be observed on the map in southeastern Egypt. It is man-made and was created when the Aswan dam was constructed, then finished in 1970.
The 2,642 m high Mount Catherine in the Sinai Peninsula is the highest point in Egypt.
The lowest point of Egypt is the Qattara Depression at -436 ft (-133 m).
Egypt has 27 governorates. These are Ad Daqahliyah, Al Bahr al Ahmar (Red Sea), Al Buhayrah, Al Fayyum, Al Gharbiyah, Al Iskandariyah (Alexandria), Al Isma'iliyah (Ismailia), Al Jizah (Giza), Al Minufiyah, Al Minya, Al Qahirah (Cairo), Al Qalyubiyah, Al Uqsur (Luxor), Al Wadi al Jadid (New Valley), As Suways (Suez), Ash Sharqiyah, Aswan, Asyut, Bani Suwayf, Bur Sa'id (Port Said), Dumyat (Damietta), Janub Sina' (South Sinai), Kafr ash Shaykh, Matruh, Qina, Shamal Sina' (North Sinai), Suhaj.
With an area of 440,098 sq. km, New Valley is the largest governorate of the country by area. Cairo, the nation's capital is the most populous one.
Egypt is a transcontinental country that stretches from the northeast corner of Africa to the southwest corner of Asia. The Sinai Peninsula of Egypt acts as the land bridge between these two continents. Egypt is located in the Northern and Eastern Hemispheres of the Earth. It has land borders with Sudan to the south, Libya to the west, Israel and the Gaza Strip to the northeast. To the north, Egypt has a coastline on the Mediterranean Sea while the Red Sea and Gulf of Aqaba border it to the east.
Regional Maps: Map of Africa
|Legal Name||Arab Republic of Egypt|
|30 03 N, 31 15 E|
|Independence||28 February 1922 (from UK protectorate status; the military-led revolution that began on 23 July 1952 led to a republic being declared on 18 June 1953 and all British troops withdrawn on 18 June 1956); note - it was ca. 3200 B.C. that the Two Lands of Upper (southern) and Lower (northern) Egypt were first united politically|
|Total Area||1,001,450 km2|
|Land Area||995,450 km2|
|Water Area||6,000 km2|
|Total Border||2,612 km|
|Bordering Countries||Gaza Strip 13 km, Israel 208 km, Libya 1115 km, Sudan 1276 km|
|Climate||Desert; hot, dry summers with moderate winters|
|Coordinates||27 00 N, 30 00 E|
|Mean Elevation||321 m|
|Lowest Elevation||-133 m|
|Highest Elevation||2,629 m|
|Ethnic Groups||Egyptian 99.7%, other 0.3% (2006 est.)|
|Languages||Arabic (official), Arabic, English, and French widely understood by educated classes|
|Religions||Muslim (predominantly Sunni) 90%, Christian (majority Coptic Orthodox, other Christians include Armenian Apostolic, Catholic, Maronite, Orthodox, and Anglican) 10% (2015 est.)|
|Currency||Egyptian pounds (EGP)|
|GDP Per Capita||$3,020.03|
|Exports||Crude oil and petroleum products, fruits and vegetables, cotton, textiles, metal products, chemicals, processed food|
This page was last updated on September 14, 2020