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Algeria Geography

Algeria's Information

Flag of Algeria
Land Area 2,381,741 km2
Total Area 2,381,741km2 (#10)
Population 40,263,711 (#33)
Population Density 16.91/km2
Government Type Presidential Republic
GDP (PPP) $609.00 Billion
GDP Per Capita $15,000
Currency Dinar (DZD)
More Information Algeria
Largest Cities
As the largest country in Africa, the Arab world, and the Mediterranean Basin, Algeria's landscape consists mostly of high plateaus and the Sahara Desert; in fact, over 90% of the country is covered by the Sahara.


The Atlas mountains sit to the north, and the Ahaggar Massif is southeast.

The high plateaus stretch for more than 372 miles (600 km) and consist of undulating, steppe-like plains averaging 3,608 - 4,265 ft (1,100 - 1,300 m) and dropping to 1,312 ft (400 m) as you move east.

The highest point of the country is Mt. Tahat at 9,850 ft. (3,003 m); the lowest point is Lake Chott Melrhir at -131 ft. (-40 m).

Lake Chott Melrhir is an endorheic (closed basin) salt lake whose size varies throughout the year, yet is the largest lake in Algeria with its maximum area about 2,600 sq. miles (6,700 sq km).

Moving north, there is a hilly and narrow coastal plain along the Mediterranean Sea with a few minor (small) rivers.

This page was last updated on July 10, 2020.

Algeria Trivia

Which Languages Are Spoken in Algeria?

Modern Standard Arabic and Tamazight are the two official languages of Algeria.

What Languages Are Spoken In Algeria?

What is the Largest Ethnic Group in Algeria?

Algeria is predominantly made of Berbers, who are the indigenous people of Algeria, and a few minority groups such as Turkish people, French, Italians, and Spaniards.

Ethnic Groups In Algeria

What Are The Native Plants Of Algeria?

Algeria is a sovereign nation located in North Africa. The landscapes of Algeria including deserts, mountains, valleys, basins, and plateaus support over 1000 species of flora. 178 of these species are endemic to the country. The Algerian Fir, Algerian Peony, and Saharan Cypress, Slender Flower Thistle, Lamarck's Bedstraw, Brome Fescue, etc., are some of Algeria’s native plant species.

Native Plants Of Algeria

What is the Biggest City in Algeria?

Algiers is the largest city in Algeria. It has a population of around 5 million people.

The Biggest Cities In Algeria

Are There Any UNESCO Sites in Algeria?

UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Algeria include the Al Qal'a of Beni Hammad, Djémila, the Kasbah of Algiers, and M'zab Valley.

UNESCO World Heritage Sites In Algeria

What Kind of Reptiles Come From Algeria?

Some of the reptiles that come from Algeria include the horseshoe whip snake, the small three-toed skink, and the two-fingered skink.

Native Reptiles Of Algeria

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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