With an area of 1,759,541 sq. km, the North African country of Libya, is the fourth largest country in the continent.
As observed on the physical map of Libya, most of the country's terrain is barren and features flat to undulating plains, plateaus, and depressions.Several highlands dot the landscape, but there are almost no true mountain ranges, except for the Tibesti Massif along its border with Chad.
South of Libya's narrow coastal strip is a sparse grassland giving way to the Sahara Desert - a vast, unfertile wasteland that supports a very small percentage of people and agriculture.
The Mediterranean coast and the Sahara Desert are Libya's most prominent natural features.
Within Africa, Libya has the longest Mediterranean coastline and is home to many unspoiled beaches.
The highest point of the country is Bikku Bitti at 2,267 m as marked on the map with an upright yellow triangle. The lowest point of Libya is Sabkhat Ghuzayyil at -47 m.
There are no permanent rivers in Libya. There are numerous wadis or dry river beds that are intermittently filled up by water from occasional flash floods. The country has an extensive store of underground water that feeds the oases in the country.
As per the CIA World Factbook, Libya has 22 governorates. In alphabetical order, these are: Al Butnan, Al Jabal al Akhdar, Al Jabal al Gharbi, Al Jafarah, Al Jufrah, Al Kufrah, Al Marj, Al Marqab, Al Wahat, An Nuqat al Khams, Az Zawiyah, Banghazi (Benghazi), Darnah, Ghat, Misratah, Murzuq, Nalut, Sabha, Surt, Tarabulus (Tripoli), Wadi al Hayat, Wadi ash Shati.
Tripoli is the capital of the country.
Libya is a country located in the Maghreb region of North Africa. It is bordered by five countries. These are Egypt, Sudan, Chad, Niger, Algeria, and Tunisia to the east, southeast, south, southwest, west, and northwest, respectively. The country also has a coastline on the Mediterranean Sea to the north. Libya is located in the Northern and Eastern Hemispheres of the Earth.
Regional Maps: Map of Africa
|Legal Name||State of Libya|
|Capital City||Tripoli (Tarabulus)|
|32 53 N, 13 10 E|
|Independence||24 December 1951 (from UN trusteeship)|
|Total Area||1,759,540 km2|
|Land Area||1,759,540 km2|
|Water Area||0 km2|
|Total Border||4,339 km|
|Bordering Countries||Algeria 989 km, Chad 1050 km, Egypt 1115 km, Niger 342 km, Sudan 382 km, Tunisia 461 km|
|Climate||Mediterranean along coast; dry, extreme desert interior|
|Coordinates||25 00 N, 17 00 E|
|Mean Elevation||423 m|
|Lowest Elevation||-47 m|
|Highest Elevation||2,267 m|
|Ethnic Groups||Berber and Arab 97%, other 3% (includes Egyptian, Greek, Indian, Italian, Maltese, Pakistani, Tunisian, and Turkish)|
|Languages||Arabic (official), Italian, English (all widely understood in the major cities); Berber (Nafusi, Ghadamis, Suknah, Awjilah, Tamasheq)|
|Religions||Muslim (official; virtually all Sunni) 96.6%, Christian 2.7%, Buddhist 0.3%, Hindu <0.1, Jewish <0.1, folk religion <0.1, unafilliated 0.2%, other <0.1 (2010 est.)|
|Currency||Libyan dinars (LYD)|
|GDP Per Capita||$7,683.75|
|Exports||Crude oil, refined petroleum products, natural gas, chemicals|
This page was last updated on September 14, 2020