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Maps of Mauritania

Physical Map of Mauritania with state boundaries, relief, desert features, highest peak, and more.

Mauritania, a country in Northwest Africa, occupies an area of 1,030,000 sq. km.

Mauritania has a generally flat landscape with vast plains that are punctuated by the occasional ridge or cliff-like outcropping.Bisecting the plains in the center of the country is a series of sandstone plateaus giving way to spring-fed oases.The most prominent feature of this region is the Guelb er Richat, also known as the Eye of the Sahara, which is a deeply eroded dome consisting of a variety of intrusive and extrusive igneous rocks.

As observed on the map, three-quarters of the Mauritania landscape is desert or semidesert, and as a result of severe drought, the arid land has been expanding. There are no significant lakes or rivers in the country.

As marked on the map, the highest point of the country is Kediet Ijill at 3,001 ft (915 m); the lowest point of Mauritania is Te-n-Dghamcha at -16 ft (-5 m).

Regions of Mauritania Map

Political Map of Mauritania displaying the 12 regions, their capitals, and the national capital district of Nouakchott.

Mauritania has 12 major administrative divisions called regions or wilayah. In alphabetical order, they are as follows: Adrar, Assaba, Brakna, Dakhlet Nouadhibou, Gorgol, Guidimaka, Hodh ech Chargui, Hodh El Gharbi, Inchiri, Tagant, Tiris Zemmour, and Trarza. It also has one capital district called Nouakchott. These regions are subdivided into 44 moughataa or departments which, in turn, are divided into 216 communes. 

With an area of 252,900 sq. km, Tiris Zemmour is the largest region while Hodh ech Chargui is the most populous one.

Where is Mauritania?

Map showing location of Mauritania in the world.

Mauritania is a country in Northwest Africa in the Western and Northern Hemispheres of the world. It is bordered by four countries. Western Sahara to the north and northwest, Senegal to the southeast, Mali to the southeast and east, and Algeria to the northeast. The country also has a coastline on the Atlantic Ocean to the west.

Mauritania Bordering Countries: Mali, Algeria, Senegal, Western Sahara.

Regional Maps: Map of Africa

Outline Map of Mauritania

Blank Outline Map of Mauritania

The blank outline map represents the mainland territory of Mauritania in Africa. This map can be downloaded for free and used for educational purpose or for coloring.

Outline Map of Mauritania

The mainland territory of the Northwest African country of Mauritania is represented in the above outline map. The country has relatively straight borders on the northwest, north, east, and southeast. 

Key Facts

Legal Name Islamic Republic of Mauritania
Capital City Nouakchott
18 04 N, 15 58 W
Independence 28 November 1960 (from France)


Total Area 1,030,700.00 km2
Land Area 1,030,700.00 km2
Water Area 0.00 km2
Total Border 5,002.0 km
Coastline 754.0 km
Bordering Countries Algeria 460 km, Mali 2236 km, Senegal 742 km, Western Sahara 1564 km
Climate Desert; constantly hot, dry, dusty
Coordinates 20 00 N, 12 00 W
Mean Elevation 276 m
Lowest Elevation -5 m
Sebkhet Te-n-Dghamcha
Highest Elevation 915 m
Kediet Ijill


Population 4,525,696
Largest City

Nouakchott (1,314,636)

Ethnic Groups black Moors (Haratines - Arab-speaking slaves, former slaves, and their descendants of African origin, enslaved by white Moors) 40%, white Moors (of Arab-Berber descent, known as Beydane) 30%, sub-Saharan Mauritanians (non-Arabic speaking, largely resident in or originating from the Senegal River Valley, including Halpulaar, Fulani, Soninke, Wolof, and Bambara ethnic groups) 30%
Languages Arabic (official and national), Pular, Soninke, Wolof (all national languages), French
Religions Muslim (official) 100%


Currency ouguiyas (MRO)
GDP $7.59 Billion
GDP Per Capita $1,677.92
Exports Iron ore, fish and fish products, livestock, gold, copper, crude oil

This page was last updated on October 12, 2020

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