Mauritania, a country in Northwest Africa, occupies an area of 1,030,000 sq. km.
Mauritania has a generally flat landscape with vast plains that are punctuated by the occasional ridge or cliff-like outcropping.Bisecting the plains in the center of the country is a series of sandstone plateaus giving way to spring-fed oases.The most prominent feature of this region is the Guelb er Richat, also known as the Eye of the Sahara, which is a deeply eroded dome consisting of a variety of intrusive and extrusive igneous rocks.
As observed on the map, three-quarters of the Mauritania landscape is desert or semidesert, and as a result of severe drought, the arid land has been expanding. There are no significant lakes or rivers in the country.
As marked on the map, the highest point of the country is Kediet Ijill at 3,001 ft (915 m); the lowest point of Mauritania is Te-n-Dghamcha at -16 ft (-5 m).
Mauritania has 12 major administrative divisions called regions or wilayah. In alphabetical order, they are as follows: Adrar, Assaba, Brakna, Dakhlet Nouadhibou, Gorgol, Guidimaka, Hodh ech Chargui, Hodh El Gharbi, Inchiri, Tagant, Tiris Zemmour, and Trarza. It also has one capital district called Nouakchott. These regions are subdivided into 44 moughataa or departments which, in turn, are divided into 216 communes.
With an area of 252,900 sq. km, Tiris Zemmour is the largest region while Hodh ech Chargui is the most populous one.
Mauritania is a country in Northwest Africa in the Western and Northern Hemispheres of the world. It is bordered by four countries. Western Sahara to the north and northwest, Senegal to the southeast, Mali to the southeast and east, and Algeria to the northeast. The country also has a coastline on the Atlantic Ocean to the west.
Regional Maps: Map of Africa
|Legal Name||Islamic Republic of Mauritania|
|18 04 N, 15 58 W|
|Independence||28 November 1960 (from France)|
|Total Area||1,030,700 km2|
|Land Area||1,030,700 km2|
|Water Area||0 km2|
|Total Border||5,002 km|
|Bordering Countries||Algeria 460 km, Mali 2236 km, Senegal 742 km, Western Sahara 1564 km|
|Climate||Desert; constantly hot, dry, dusty|
|Coordinates||20 00 N, 12 00 W|
|Mean Elevation||276 m|
|Lowest Elevation||-5 m|
|Highest Elevation||915 m|
|Ethnic Groups||black Moors (Haratines - Arab-speaking slaves, former slaves, and their descendants of African origin, enslaved by white Moors) 40%, white Moors (of Arab-Berber descent, known as Beydane) 30%, sub-Saharan Mauritanians (non-Arabic speaking, largely resident in or originating from the Senegal River Valley, including Halpulaar, Fulani, Soninke, Wolof, and Bambara ethnic groups) 30%|
|Languages||Arabic (official and national), Pular, Soninke, Wolof (all national languages), French|
|Religions||Muslim (official) 100%|
|GDP Per Capita||$1,677.92|
|Exports||Iron ore, fish and fish products, livestock, gold, copper, crude oil|
This page was last updated on September 14, 2020