1. Home
  2. Africa
  3. Niger

Niger

Physical Map of Niger

Physical Map of Niger with state boundaries. It shows the physical features of Niger with relief, major mountain peaks, rivers, lakes, major cities, etc.
Print Map

The landlocked West African country of Niger occupies an area of 1,267,000 sq. km. 

As visible on the physical map above, large parts of Niger is covered by the Sahara Desert. 

In the north, the Air Mountains punctuate the Sahara desert in a north-south direction with a series of nine massifs. The highest point of the country, Mont Idoukal-n-Taghes at 2,022 m (marked on the map), is located in the south-central region of the Air Mountains.

Another highland region is found to the northeast and comprises a series of high plateaus including Djado, Mangueni, and Tchigaï in the west to east direction.

The Tenere Desert (shown on the map), part of the Sahara, is covered by an erg and a reg.

The southern part of the country features a stretch of the Sahel region that extends from the southwestern border with Burkina Faso to Lake Chad in the southeast.

The Niger River is the main river of the country and has the lowest point of the nation at 200 m. The Niger River basin and Lake Chad basin are the major drainage basins in Niger.

Regions of Niger Map

Political Map of Niger representing the 7 regions, their capitals, and the capital district of Niamey.
Print Map

Niger has seven major administrative divisions called regions. They are Agadez, Diffa, Dosso, Maradi, Tahoua, Tillaberi, and Zinder. The country also has a capital district called Niamey which serves as the national capital.

The regions of Niger are further subdivided into Departments and communes. Several other smaller divisions make governance more convenient.

With an area of 667,799 sq. km, Agadez is the largest region of Niger by area while Zinder is the most populous one.

Where is Niger?

Where is Niger?
Print Map

Niger is West Africa's largest country. It is a landlocked nation located in the Northern and Eastern Hemispheres of the Earth. Seven countries border Niger. These include Libya, Chad, and Nigeria to the northeast, east, and south, respectively. Algeria and Mali bound the country to the northwest while Benin and Burkina Faso form its southwestern borders.

Niger Bordering Countries: Nigeria, Libya, Chad, Mali, Algeria, Burkina Faso, Benin.

Regional Maps: Map of Africa

Outline Map of Niger

Blank Outline Map of Niger

The blank outline map represents Niger. The map can be downloaded for free and used for coloring or educational purposes like map-pointing activities

Print Map
The Outline Map of Niger

The outline map represents the sovereign African country of Niger. 

Print Map

Key Facts

Legal Name Republic of Niger
Capital City Niamey
13 31 N, 2 07 E
Independence 3 August 1960 (from France)

Geography

Total Area 1,000,000 km2
Land Area 1,266,700 km2
Water Area 300 km2
Total Border 5,834 km
Coastline 0 km
Bordering Countries Algeria 951 km, Benin 277 km, Burkina Faso 622 km, Chad 1196 km, Libya 342 km, Mali 838 km, Nigeria 1608 km
Climate Desert; mostly hot, dry, dusty; tropical in extreme south
Coordinates 16 00 N, 8 00 E
Mean Elevation 474 m
Lowest Elevation 200 m
Niger River
Highest Elevation 2,022 m
Idoukal-n-Taghes

Demographics

Population 23,310,715
Ethnic Groups Hausa 53.1%, Zarma/Songhai 21.2%, Tuareg 11%, Fulani (Peuhl) 6.5%, Kanuri 5.9%, Gurma 0.8%, Arab 0.4%, Tubu 0.4%, other/unavailable 0.9% (2006 est.)
Languages French (official), Hausa, Djerma
Religions Muslim 99.3%, Christian 0.3%, animist 0.2%, none 0.1% (2012 est.)

Economy

Currency Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (XOF)
GDP $12.93 Billion
GDP Per Capita $554.60
Exports Uranium ore, livestock, cowpeas, onions

This page was last updated on September 14, 2020

Latest by WorldAtlas