The landlocked West African country of Niger occupies an area of 1,267,000 sq. km.
As visible on the physical map above, large parts of Niger is covered by the Sahara Desert.
In the north, the Air Mountains punctuate the Sahara desert in a north-south direction with a series of nine massifs. The highest point of the country, Mont Idoukal-n-Taghes at 2,022 m (marked on the map), is located in the south-central region of the Air Mountains.
Another highland region is found to the northeast and comprises a series of high plateaus including Djado, Mangueni, and Tchigaï in the west to east direction.
The Tenere Desert (shown on the map), part of the Sahara, is covered by an erg and a reg.
The southern part of the country features a stretch of the Sahel region that extends from the southwestern border with Burkina Faso to Lake Chad in the southeast.
The Niger River is the main river of the country and has the lowest point of the nation at 200 m. The Niger River basin and Lake Chad basin are the major drainage basins in Niger.
Niger has seven major administrative divisions called regions. They are Agadez, Diffa, Dosso, Maradi, Tahoua, Tillaberi, and Zinder. The country also has a capital district called Niamey which serves as the national capital.
The regions of Niger are further subdivided into Departments and communes. Several other smaller divisions make governance more convenient.
With an area of 667,799 sq. km, Agadez is the largest region of Niger by area while Zinder is the most populous one.
Niger is West Africa's largest country. It is a landlocked nation located in the Northern and Eastern Hemispheres of the Earth. Seven countries border Niger. These include Libya, Chad, and Nigeria to the northeast, east, and south, respectively. Algeria and Mali bound the country to the northwest while Benin and Burkina Faso form its southwestern borders.
Regional Maps: Map of Africa
|Legal Name||Republic of Niger|
|13 31 N, 2 07 E|
|Independence||3 August 1960 (from France)|
|Total Area||1,000,000 km2|
|Land Area||1,266,700 km2|
|Water Area||300 km2|
|Total Border||5,834 km|
|Bordering Countries||Algeria 951 km, Benin 277 km, Burkina Faso 622 km, Chad 1196 km, Libya 342 km, Mali 838 km, Nigeria 1608 km|
|Climate||Desert; mostly hot, dry, dusty; tropical in extreme south|
|Coordinates||16 00 N, 8 00 E|
|Mean Elevation||474 m|
|Lowest Elevation||200 m|
|Highest Elevation||2,022 m|
|Ethnic Groups||Hausa 53.1%, Zarma/Songhai 21.2%, Tuareg 11%, Fulani (Peuhl) 6.5%, Kanuri 5.9%, Gurma 0.8%, Arab 0.4%, Tubu 0.4%, other/unavailable 0.9% (2006 est.)|
|Languages||French (official), Hausa, Djerma|
|Religions||Muslim 99.3%, Christian 0.3%, animist 0.2%, none 0.1% (2012 est.)|
|Currency||Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (XOF)|
|GDP Per Capita||$554.60|
|Exports||Uranium ore, livestock, cowpeas, onions|
This page was last updated on September 14, 2020