Morocco is a country in the Maghreb Region of North Africa where it covers an area of 710,850 sq. km. Morocco's coast comes into contact with both the Atlantic Ocean on the west and the Mediterranean Sea on the north. Morocco shares three land borders. One with Algeria and a second with the disputed territory of Western Sahara. While the Western Sahara region of Morocco is still technically part of the nation, the Moroccan government has little to no control over this place with many local rulers governing day-to-day life. The third land border Morocco has is with Spain. While it might be hard to see on a map, the autonomous city of Malilla is still under Spanish control despite being on the Moroccan coastline.
Jebel Toubkal (marked on the map by a yellow upright triangle) is the highest point of Morocco at 13,664 ft (4,165 m) and is also the highest peak of the Atlas Mountains. Much of Morocco's landscape is mountainous with slopes that gradually transition into plateaus and valleys. As observed on the physical map above, the Atlas Mountains dominate the central part of the country, while the Rif Mountains make up the northern edge. The lowest point of the country is Sebkha Tah at -180 ft (-55 m).
The Sahara Desert blankets the southeastern region of the country. The Moroccan portion of the desert is the world's third largest desert in the world at over 3,600,000 square miles (9,400,000 sq. km). Having such a hot climate has its benefits but also comes with a series of drawbacks as well. Land degradation is a large issue for Morocco, and many other countries located within the Sahara, as overgrazing of livestock and destruction of vegetation has eroded the soil.
The Mououya River is the most significant source of water in Morocco. Its source is located in the Atlas Mountains and flows into the Mediterranean Sea. This part of the nation is ideal for agriculture and farming as well as the Saiss Plains which can be found near the city of Fes in the west. The Saiss Plains are so valuable in fact that it is estimated that this region makes up at least 15% of the local economy.
Morocco has 12 administrative divisions called regions. Of these, the Dakhla-Oued Ed-Dahab region lies entirely in the disputed territory of Western Sahara. Two regions, the Laâyoune-Sakia El Hamra and the Guelmim-Oued Noun are located partially in Western Sahara. The 11 regions of Morocco with the exception of the one completely in Western Sahara are Beni Mellal-Khenifra, Casablanca-Settat, Draa-Tafilalet, Fes-Meknes, Guelmim-Oued Noun, Laayoune-Sakia al Hamra, Oriental, Marrakech-Safi, Rabat-Sale-Kenitra, Souss-Massa, and Tanger-Tetouan-Al Hoceima.
The regions are subdivided into 75 prefectures and provinces. Rabat, the capital city of Morocco, is located in the Casablanca-Settat Region.
Morocco is a country in North Africa. It is located in the Maghreb region in the Northern and Western Hemisphere regions of the Earth. It is bordered by the two countries of Western Sahara to the south and Algeria to the east. It has coastlines on the Atlantic Ocean to the west and the Mediterranean Sea to the north.
Regional Maps: Map of Africa
|Kingdom of Morocco
|34 01 N, 6 49 W
|Moroccan dirhams (MAD)
|GDP Per Capita
This page was last updated on December 8, 2023