Morocco is a country in the Maghreb Region of North Africa where it covers an area of 710,850 sq. km.
Much of Morocco's landscape is mountainous with slopes that gradually transition into plateaus and valleys. As observed on the physical map above, the Atlas mountains dominate the central part of the country, while the Rif mountains make up the northern edge.
Jebel Toubkal (marked on the map by a yellow upright triangle) is the highest point of Morocco at 13,664 ft (4,165 m), and is also the highest peak of the Atlas mountains.
The southeastern region of the country is blanketed by the Sahara Desert, the world's third largest desert at over 3,600,000 square miles (9,400,000 sq. km).
Land degradation is a large issue for Morocco, and many other countries located within the Sahara, as overgrazing of livestock and destruction of vegetation has eroded the soil.
Significant sources of water of Morocco include the Moulouya River, whose source is located in the Atlas Mountains, and flows into the Mediterranean Sea.
The lowest point of the country is Sebkha Tah at -180 ft (-55 m).
Morocco has 12 administrative divisions called regions. Of these, the Dakhla-Oued Ed-Dahab region lies entirely in the disputed territory of Western Sahara. Two regions, the Laâyoune-Sakia El Hamra and the Guelmim-Oued Noun are located partially in Western Sahara. The 11 regions of Morocco with the exception of the one completely in Western Sahara are Beni Mellal-Khenifra, Casablanca-Settat, Draa-Tafilalet, Fes-Meknes, Guelmim-Oued Noun, Laayoune-Sakia al Hamra, Oriental, Marrakech-Safi, Rabat-Sale-Kenitra, Souss-Massa, and Tanger-Tetouan-Al Hoceima.
The regions are subdivided into 75 prefectures and provinces.
Casablanca, the capital city of Morocco, is located in the Casablanca-Settat Region.
Morocco is a country in North Africa. It is located in the Maghreb region in the Northern and Western Hemisphere regions of the Earth. It is bordered by the two countries of Western Sahara to the south and Algeria to the east. It has coastlines on the Atlantic Ocean to the west and the Mediterranean Sea to the north.
Regional Maps: Map of Africa
|Legal Name||Kingdom of Morocco|
|34 01 N, 6 49 W|
|Independence||2 March 1956 (from France)|
|Total Area||446,550 km2|
|Land Area||446,300 km2|
|Water Area||250 km2|
|Total Border||2,362 km|
|Bordering Countries||Algeria 1900 km, Western Sahara 444 km, Spain (Ceuta) 8 km, Spain (Melilla) 10.5 km|
|Climate||Mediterranean, becoming more extreme in the interior|
|Coordinates||32 00 N, 5 00 W|
|Mean Elevation||909 m|
|Lowest Elevation||-59 m|
|Highest Elevation||4,165 m|
|Ethnic Groups||Arab-Berber 99%, other 1%|
|Languages||Arabic (official), Berber languages (Tamazight (official), Tachelhit, Tarifit), French (often the language of business, government, and diplomacy)|
|Religions||Muslim 99% (official; virtually all Sunni, <0.1% Shia), other 1% (includes Christian, Jewish, and Baha'i); note - Jewish about 6,000 (2010 est.)|
|Currency||Moroccan dirhams (MAD)|
|GDP Per Capita||$3,204.10|
|Exports||Clothing and textiles, automobiles, electric components, inorganic chemicals, transistors, crude minerals, fertilizers (including phosphates), petroleum products, citrus fruits, vegetables, fish|
This page was last updated on September 14, 2020