Mali is a landlocked country in West Africa with an area of 1,240,192 sq. km.
As observed on the physical map above, Mali has a monotonous landscape with plains and plateaus dominating the country topgraphy. The landscape transitions from Sahara Desert in the north through the Sahel to the zone of Sudanian savanna in the south.
Approximately 65% of the country is covered by desert or semi-desert.
Mali's landscape is mostly a savanna grassland that rolls into higher plateaus as you move north. Rugged hills with elevations that reach upwards of 1,000 m dot the northeast.
The lowest point of the country is the Senegal River at 75 ft (23 m); the highest point of Mali is Hombori Tondo at 3,789 ft (1,155 m).
The largest rivers in Mali are the Niger and Senegal. Considered to be Mali's lifeblood (its source of food, drinking water, irrigation and transportation) the Niger River snakes through roughly 4,180 km of western Africa.
Mali has been divided into 10 administrative regions. In alphabetical order, these are as follows: Gao, Kayes, Kidal, Koulikoro, Menaka, Mopti, Segou, Sikasso, Taoudenni, Tombouctou (Timbuktu); note - Menaka and Taoudenni were legislated in 2016, but implementation has not been confirmed by the US Board on Geographic Names
The country also has one capital district, Bamako. It is the capital and largest city of Mali.
With an area of 496,611 sq. km Tombouctou is the largest region of Mali by area and Sikasso is the most populous one.
Located in West Africa, the landlocked country of Mali shares its borders with seven countries. It is located in the Northern Hemisphere. As it straddles the Prime Meridian longitude line, it has territories on both the Eastern and Western hemispheres. To the north-northeast, Mali is bordered by Algeria. Niger, Burkina Faso, and Ivory Coast border the country to the east, southeast, and south respectively. Guinea bounds Mali to the southwest, Senegal to the west, and Mauritania to the northwest.
Regional Maps: Map of Africa
|Legal Name||Republic of Mali|
|12 39 N, 8 00 W|
|Independence||22 September 1960 (from France)|
|Total Area||1,240,192 km2|
|Land Area||1,220,190 km2|
|Water Area||20,002 km2|
|Total Border||7,908 km|
|Bordering Countries||Algeria 1359 km, Burkina Faso 1325 km, Cote d'Ivoire 599 km, Guinea 1062 km, Mauritania 2236 km, Niger 838 km, Senegal 489 km|
|Climate||Subtropical to arid; hot and dry (february to june); rainy, humid, and mild (june to november); cool and dry (november to february)|
|Coordinates||17 00 N, 4 00 W|
|Mean Elevation||343 m|
|Lowest Elevation||23 m|
|Highest Elevation||1,155 m|
|Ethnic Groups||Bambara 33.3%, Fulani (Peuhl) 13.3%, Sarakole/Soninke/Marka 9.8%, Senufo/Manianka 9.6%, Malinke 8.8%, Dogon 8.7%, Sonrai 5.9%, Bobo 2.1%, Tuareg/Bella 1.7%, other Malian 6%, from member of Economic Community of West Africa .4%, other .3% (2018 est.)|
|Languages||French (official), Bambara 46.3%, Peuhl/Foulfoulbe 9.4%, Dogon 7.2%, Maraka/Soninke 6.4%, Malinke 5.6%, Sonrhai/Djerma 5.6%, Minianka 4.3%, Tamacheq 3.5%, Senoufo 2.6%, Bobo 2.1%, unspecified 0.7%, other 6.3% (2009 est.)|
|Religions||Muslim 93.9%, Christian 2.8%, Animist .7%, none 2.5% (2018 est.)|
|Currency||Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (XOF)|
|GDP Per Capita||$890.74|
|Exports||Cotton, gold, livestock|
This page was last updated on October 12, 2020