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Maps of Mali

Physical Map of Mali with state boundaries, major rivers, deserts, highest peak, important cities, and more. worldatlas.com worldatlas.com algeria algeria western sahara mauritania senegal guinea sierra leone nigeria cote d'ivoire niger benin ghana togo burkina faso sahara desert sahel tropic of Cancer prime meridian algeria

Mali is a landlocked country in West Africa with an area of 1,240,192 sq. km. 

As observed on the physical map above, Mali has a monotonous landscape with plains and plateaus dominating the country topgraphy. The landscape transitions from Sahara Desert in the north through the Sahel to the zone of Sudanian savanna in the south.

Approximately 65% of the country is covered by desert or semi-desert.

Mali's landscape is mostly a savanna grassland that rolls into higher plateaus as you move north. Rugged hills with elevations that reach upwards of 1,000 m dot the northeast.

The lowest point of the country is the Senegal River at 75 ft (23 m); the highest point of Mali is Hombori Tondo at 3,789 ft (1,155 m).

The largest rivers in Mali are the Niger and Senegal. Considered to be Mali's lifeblood (its source of food, drinking water, irrigation and transportation) the Niger River snakes through roughly 4,180 km of western Africa.

Regions of Mali Map

Political Map of Mali displaying 10 regions, their capital, and the national capital of Bamako.

Mali has been divided into 10 administrative regions. In alphabetical order, these are as follows: Gao, Kayes, Kidal, Koulikoro, Menaka, Mopti, Segou, Sikasso, Taoudenni, Tombouctou (Timbuktu); note - Menaka and Taoudenni were legislated in 2016, but implementation has not been confirmed by the US Board on Geographic Names

The country also has one capital district, Bamako. It is the capital and largest city of Mali.

With an area of 496,611 sq. km Tombouctou is the largest region of Mali by area and Sikasso is the most populous one.

Where is Mali?

Map showing location of Mali in the world. Europe Middle East Africa Atlantic Ocean Atlantic Ocean Mediterranean Sea Arabian Sea Indian Ocean Tropic of Capricorn Equator Prime Meridian worldatlas.com worldatlas.com Tropic of Cancer Tunisia

Located in West Africa, the landlocked country of Mali shares its borders with seven countries. It is located in the Northern Hemisphere. As it straddles the Prime Meridian longitude line, it has territories on both the Eastern and Western hemispheres. To the north-northeast, Mali is bordered by Algeria. Niger, Burkina Faso, and Ivory Coast border the country to the east, southeast, and south respectively. Guinea bounds Mali to the southwest, Senegal to the west, and Mauritania to the northwest.

Mali Bordering Countries: The Niger, Algeria, Burkina Faso, Senegal, Mauritania, Guinea, Cote D'Ivoire.

Regional Maps: Map of Africa

Outline Map of Mali

Blank Outline Map of Mali

The blank outline map represents the country of Mali in Africa. This map can be downloaded for free and used for educational purpose or for coloring.

Outline Map of Mali

The outline map represents Mali, a landlocked country in West Africa. 

Key Facts

Legal Name Republic of Mali
Capital City Bamako
12 39 N, 8 00 W
Independence 22 September 1960 (from France)


Total Area 1,240,192.00 km2
Land Area 1,220,190.00 km2
Water Area 20,002.00 km2
Total Border 7,908.0 km
Coastline 0.0 km
Bordering Countries Algeria 1359 km, Burkina Faso 1325 km, Cote d'Ivoire 599 km, Guinea 1062 km, Mauritania 2236 km, Niger 838 km, Senegal 489 km
Climate Subtropical to arid; hot and dry (february to june); rainy, humid, and mild (june to november); cool and dry (november to february)
Coordinates 17 00 N, 4 00 W
Mean Elevation 343 m
Lowest Elevation 23 m
Senegal River
Highest Elevation 1,155 m
Hombori Tondo


Population 19,658,031
Major Cities
  1. Bamako (2,617,686)
  2. Sikasso (386,262)
Ethnic Groups Bambara 33.3%, Fulani (Peuhl) 13.3%, Sarakole/Soninke/Marka 9.8%, Senufo/Manianka 9.6%, Malinke 8.8%, Dogon 8.7%, Sonrai 5.9%, Bobo 2.1%, Tuareg/Bella 1.7%, other Malian 6%, from member of Economic Community of West Africa .4%, other .3% (2018 est.)
Languages French (official), Bambara 46.3%, Peuhl/Foulfoulbe 9.4%, Dogon 7.2%, Maraka/Soninke 6.4%, Malinke 5.6%, Sonrhai/Djerma 5.6%, Minianka 4.3%, Tamacheq 3.5%, Senoufo 2.6%, Bobo 2.1%, unspecified 0.7%, other 6.3% (2009 est.)
Religions Muslim 93.9%, Christian 2.8%, Animist .7%, none 2.5% (2018 est.)


Currency Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (XOF)
GDP $17.51 Billion
GDP Per Capita $890.74
Exports Cotton, gold, livestock

This page was last updated on November 9, 2020

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