This nation now called Tanzania is considered one of the oldest known (continuously inhabited) areas on the planet; fossil remains of humans and pre-human hominids have been found here dating back over two million years.
German administration brought cash crops, railroads and roads to Tanganyika, the natives became increasingly resistant.
After World War II, Tanganyika became a UN territory under Power was handed over to Ali Hassan Mwinyi in 1985, and by October 1995, the country's first multiparty elections were held in which Mwinyi was elected.
It was during President Mkapa's term (1995 – 2005) that Tanzania sought to increase their economic status, however they faced serious problems with pollution, deforestation and HIV/AIDS, with over one million of the population infected.
The former foreign minister Jakaya Kikwete, was elected president in 2005 with 80% of the vote.
Tanzania's economy relies mostly on agriculture, employing 80% of the workforce. The two main natural resources are gold and natural gas. The gas is exported to various markets overseas.
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