The landlocked country of Malawi in southeastern Africa covers an area of 118,484 sq. km.
The country can be divided into four physiographic regions. These are the Great Rift Valley, the central plateau, highland region, and isolated mountains.
The Great Rift Valley traverses Malawi from north to south. As marked on the physical map of Malawi, this deep hosts Lake Malawi, the third-largest lake in Africa. The Shire River flows from the south end of that lake and joins the Zambezi River 249 mi (400 km) farther south in Mozambique.
In the west, the land forms high plateaus, generally between 900 and 1,200 m)above sea level. In the north, the Nyika Uplands rise as high as 2,600 m.
To the east of the Shire River the land rises to an elevation of 1,600 m, and eventually to the country's highest point, Sapitwa Peak at 3,003 m near the Mozambique border. It has been marked on the map with a yellow upright triangle.
In the extreme south, the elevation is just slightly above sea level. It is there that Malawi's lowest point sits at the junction of the Shire River and the border of Mozambique at 37 m.
Malawi is divided into three regions with 28 districts. The regions are Northern, Central, and Southern. In alphabetical order, the districts are as follows: Balaka, Blantyre, Chikwawa, Chiradzulu, Chitipa, Dedza, Dowa, Karonga, Kasungu, Likoma, Lilongwe, Machinga, Mangochi, Mchinji, Mulanje, Mwanza, Mzimba, Neno, Ntcheu, Nkhata Bay, Nkhotakota, Nsanje, Ntchisi, Phalombe, Rumphi, Salima, Thyolo, and Zomba.
Mzimba in the Northern region is the largest district by area (10,619 sq. km). Lilongwe in the Central District that houses the national capital of Lilongwe is the most populous one.
Malawi is a landlocked nation in southeastern Africa in the Southern and Eastern Hemisphere regions of the Earth. It is bordered by three countries. Mozambique bounds it on the east, south, and southwest. Tanzania borders it to the north and northeast while Zambia is located to the west.
Regional Maps: Map of Africa
|Legal Name||Republic of Malawi|
|13 58 S, 33 47 E|
|Independence||6 July 1964 (from the UK)|
|Total Area||118,484 km2|
|Land Area||94,080 km2|
|Water Area||24,404 km2|
|Total Border||2,857 km|
|Bordering Countries||Mozambique 1498 km, Tanzania 512 km, Zambia 847 km|
|Climate||Sub-tropical; rainy season (november to may); dry season (may to november)|
|Coordinates||13 30 S, 34 00 E|
|Mean Elevation||779 m|
|Lowest Elevation||37 m|
|junction of the Shire River and international boundary with Mozambique|
|Highest Elevation||3,002 m|
|Sapitwa (Mount Mlanje)|
|Ethnic Groups||Chewa 34.3%, Lomwe 18.8%, Yao 13.2%, Ngoni 10.4%, Tumbuka 9.2%, Sena 3.8%, Mang'anja 3.2%, Tonga 1.8%, Nyanja 1.8%, Nkhonde 1%, other 2.2%, foreign .3% (2018 est.)|
|Languages||English (official), Chichewa (common), Chinyanja, Chiyao, Chitumbuka, Chilomwe, Chinkhonde, Chingoni, Chisena, Chitonga, Chinyakyusa, Chilambya|
|Religions||Protestant 33.5% (includes Church of Central Africa Presbyterian 14.2%, Seventh Day Adventist/Baptist 9.4%, Pentecostal 7.6%, Anglican 2.3%), Roman Catholic 17.2%, other Christian 26.6%, Muslim 13.8%, traditionalist 1.1%, other 5.6%, none 2.1% (2018 est.)|
|Currency||Malawian kwachas (MWK)|
|GDP Per Capita||$411.55|
|Exports||Tobacco (55%), dried legumes (8.8%), sugar (6.7%), tea (5.7%), cotton (2%), peanuts, coffee, soy (2015 est.)|
This page was last updated on September 14, 2020