Located on the edge of the Equator, Uganda is positioned in south-central Africa, and bordered by the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Kenya, Rwanda, Sudan and Tanzania.
Uganda averages about 1,100 metres (3,609 ft) above sea level, and while much of its border is lakeshore, Uganda is landlocked with no access to the sea.
Most of Uganda is covered by a plateau that gradually drops in elevation northwards. The edges of this massive plateau are marked by mountain ranges and valleys.
The western boundaries of the country are formed by Virunga and Ruwenzori Mountains, and the Western Rift Valley. The country's highest peak, the 5,109 m Margherita Peak is part of the Ruwenzori Range. Lakes George and Edward lie between the Virunga and Ruwenzori mountains. Lakes Albert is located in the Western Rift Valley and the Albert Nile River also starts its course in this region.
The Imatong Mountains mark the edge of the Ugandan plateau to the north at the country's borders with South Sudan. The average elevation here is 1,800 m.
To the northeast, the plateau ends in a string of volcanic mountains with Mount Elgon being the highest at 4,321 m.
Lake Victoria forms the southern boundary of the country with Tanzania and Kenya.
Uganda has eight major rivers, the Victoria Nile, Achwa, Okok, Pager, Albert Nile, Kafu, Mpongo, and Katonga.
The country's southern rivers drain into Lake Victoria. Rivers rising to the north of this lake empty into Lake Kyoga. The southwestern rivers drain into lakes Edward and George while the Albert Nile drains Lake Albert.
At 621 m, Lake Albert has Uganda's lowest point.
Uganda has four major administrative divisions called regions. These are Central, Western, Eastern, and Northern. These regions are further sub-divided into 15 sub-regions which are constituted by 121 districts. The districts are further broken down into smaller administrative units. These include 146 counties, 1 city council, and 13 municipalities.
With an area of 85,391.7 sq. km, the Northern Region of Uganda is the largest by area. In terms of population, the Central Region is the largest. Kampala, the regional capital of the Central Region, is also the national capital and largest city of Uganda.
Uganda is a landlocked country located in East-Central Africa in the African Great Lakes region. It is located in the Eastern Hemisphere of the Earth. As observed on the location map above, the Equator passes through Uganda. Thus, the country has territory in both the Northern and Southern Hemispheres. Being a landlocked nation, it is bordered by neighboring countries on all sides. It shares its borders with five African countries. South Sudan bounds it to the north, Kenya to the east, Tanzania to the south, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west, and Rwanda to the south-west.
Regional Maps: Map of Africa
|Legal Name||Republic of Uganda|
|0 19 N, 32 33 E|
|Independence||9 October 1962 (from the UK)|
|Total Area||241,038 km2|
|Land Area||197,100 km2|
|Water Area||43,938 km2|
|Total Border||2,729 km|
|Bordering Countries||Democratic Republic of the Congo 877 km, Kenya 814 km, Rwanda 172 km, South Sudan 475 km, Tanzania 391 km|
|Climate||Tropical; generally rainy with two dry seasons (december to february, june to august); semiarid in northeast|
|Coordinates||1 00 N, 32 00 E|
|Mean Elevation||0 m|
|Lowest Elevation||614 m|
|Highest Elevation||5,110 m|
|Margherita Peak on Mount Stanley|
|Ethnic Groups||Baganda 16.5%, Banyankole 9.6%, Basoga 8.8%, Bakiga 7.1%, Iteso 7%, Langi 6.3%, Bagisu 4.9%, Acholi 4.4%, Lugbara 3.3%, other 32.1% (2014 est.)|
|Languages||English (official language, taught in schools, used in courts of law and by most newspapers and some radio broadcasts), Ganda or Luganda (most widely used of the Niger-Congo languages and the language used most often in the capital), other Niger-Congo languages, Nilo-Saharan languages, Swahili (official), Arabic|
|Religions||Protestant 45.1% (Anglican 32.0%, Pentecostal/Born Again/Evangelical 11.1%, Seventh Day Adventist 1.7%, Baptist .3%), Roman Catholic 39.3%, Muslim 13.7%, other 1.6%, none 0.2% (2014 est.)|
|Currency||Ugandan shillings (UGX)|
|GDP Per Capita||$776.77|
|Exports||Coffee, fish and fish products, tea, cotton, flowers, horticultural products; gold|
This page was last updated on September 14, 2020