The Democratic Republic of the Congo occupies an area of 2,345,409 sq. km in Central Africa. It is the largest country in sub-Saharan Africa.
The physical map above illustrates the country of the Democratic Republic of Congo, with the massive expanse of the Congo Rainforest, the second-largest rainforest in the world after the Amazon. Most of the central and western parts of the country are part of the Congo River basin, The Congo River system is the second largest river in Africa. The Congo River is 4,398 km long. This area of the DRC is surrounded by plateaus merging into savannas in the south and southwest, by mountainous terraces in the west, and by dense grasslands extending beyond the Congo River in the north. In the east, the land rises into a plateau with heights over 1,524 m and then into the higher glaciated and volcanic mountains of the Great Rift Valley. Southeast, the land rises into the peaks of the Shaba Plateau.
The highest point of the Democratic Republic of the Congo has been marked on the map with an orange triangle. It is Mt. Stanley at 5,110 m; the lowest point of the country is the Atlantic Ocean (0 m).
As observed on the map, several lakes front the country's eastern borders, including lakes Albert, Edward, Kivu, Mweru, and Tanganyika.
DRC is divided into 25 provinces. In addition, the capital city of Kinshasa is also treated as equivalent to a province. Thus, the 26 provinces of the country in alphabetical order are as follows: Bas-Uele (Lower Uele), Equateur, Haut-Katanga (Upper Katanga), Haut-Lomami (Upper Lomami), Haut-Uele (Upper Uele), Ituri, Kasai, Kasai-Central, Kasai-Oriental (East Kasai), Kinshasa, Kongo Central, Kwango, Kwilu, Lomami, Lualaba, Mai-Ndombe, Maniema, Mongala, Nord-Kivu (North Kivu), Nord-Ubangi (North Ubangi), Sankuru, Sud-Kivu (South Kivu), Sud-Ubangi (South Ubangi), Tanganyika, Tshopo, and Tshuapa.
With an area of 199,567 sq. km, Tshpo is the largest province by area while Kinshasa is the most populous one.
The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) is located in Central Africa. As it straddles the Equator, it has territories in both the Northern and Southern Hemispheres. It is located to the east of the Prime Meridian in the Eastern Hemisphere. Nine countries border the DRC. These are the Republic of the Congo, Central African Republic, and South Sudan to the northwest, north, and northeast respectively. Burundi, Rwanda, and Uganda bound it to the east. Tanzania is located to the east across Lake Tanganyika. Zambia lies to the southeast and Angola to the southwest respectively. DRC also has a coastline on the Atlantic Ocean to the west. Angola's Cabinda exclave also borders DRC in this direction.
Regional Maps: Map of Africa
|Legal Name||Democratic Republic of the Congo|
|4 19 S, 15 18 E|
|Independence||30 June 1960 (from Belgium)|
|Total Area||2,344,858 km2|
|Land Area||2,267,048 km2|
|Water Area||77,810 km2|
|Total Border||10,481 km|
|Bordering Countries||Angola 2646 km (of which 225 km is the boundary of Angola's discontiguous Cabinda Province), Burundi 236 km, Central African Republic 1747 km, Republic of the Congo 1229 km, Rwanda 221 km, South Sudan 714 km, Tanzania 479 km, Uganda 877 km, Zambia 2332 km|
|Climate||Tropical; hot and humid in equatorial river basin; cooler and drier in southern highlands; cooler and wetter in eastern highlands; north of equator - wet season (april to october), dry season (december to february); south of equator - wet season (november to march), dry season (april to october)|
|Coordinates||0 00 N, 25 00 E|
|Mean Elevation||726 m|
|Lowest Elevation||0 m|
|Highest Elevation||5,110 m|
|Pic Marguerite on Mont Ngaliema (Mount Stanley)|
|Ethnic Groups||over 200 African ethnic groups of which the majority are Bantu; the four largest tribes - Mongo, Luba, Kongo (all Bantu), and the Mangbetu-Azande (Hamitic) - make up about 45% of the population|
|Languages||French (official), Lingala (a lingua franca trade language), Kingwana (a dialect of Kiswahili or Swahili), Kikongo, Tshiluba|
|Religions||Roman Catholic 29.9%, Protestant 26.7%, Kimbanguist 2.8%, other Christian 36.5%, Muslim 1.3%, other (includes syncretic sects and indigenous beliefs) 1.2%, none 1.3%, unspecified .2% (2014 est.)|
|Currency||Congolese francs (CDF)|
|GDP Per Capita||$545.22|
|Exports||Diamonds, copper, gold, cobalt, wood products, crude oil, coffee|
This page was last updated on September 14, 2020