Mozambique occupies an area of 801,590 sq. km in Southern Africa.
Mozambique is divided into two major topographical regions:To the north of the Zambezi river that runs almost through central Mozambique, a narrow coastline and bordering plateau slope upward into hills and a series of rugged highlands like Angonia Highlands and Lichinga Highlands (as shown on map) punctuated by scattered mountains.
South of the Zambezi River, the lowlands are much wider with scattered hills and mountains along its borders with South Africa, Swaziland and Zambia.
Monte Binga (marked on map), peaking at 2,435 m, is the highest point of Mozambique; the Indian Ocean (0 m) is the lowest.
The country is drained by several significant rivers, with the Zambezi being the largest and most important.The Zambezi is in fact the fourth-longest river in Africa, and the largest flowing into the Indian Ocean from Africa. Other important rivers flowing in Mozambique include Limpopo, Licungo, Lurio, Rovuma, and others.
Lake Malawi (Nyasa) is the country's major lake. As seen on the map, it is located on Mozambique's border with Malawi. The Cahora Bassa is Africa's fourth-largest artificial lake. A small slice of Malawi's Lake Chiuta sits in Mozambique.
Mozambique is divided into 10 provinces. In alphabetical order, these are as follows: Cabo Delgado, Gaza, Inhambane, Manica, Maputo, Nampula, Niassa, Sofala, Tete, Zambezia. The country also hosts one city, the Cidade de Maputo. The provinces are subdivided into 129 districts which, in turn, are divided into 405 Administrative Posts. The latter is divided into Localidades.
With an area of 129,056 sq. km, Niassa is the biggest province of Mozambique by area while Nampula is the most populous one.
Mozambique is a country in Southern Africa and is located in the Southern and Eastern Hemispheres of the Earth. It is bordered by six countries. These are Tanzania to the north, Zambia and Malawi to the northwest, and Zimbabwe to the west. South Africa and Eswatini border Mozambique to the southwest. The country also has a coastline on the Indian Ocean to the east. The island countries and territories of Madagascar, Comoros, and Mayotte are separated from Mozambique by the Mozambique Channel.
Regional Maps: Map of Africa
|Legal Name||Republic of Mozambique|
|25 57 S, 32 35 E|
|Independence||25 June 1975 (from Portugal)|
|Total Area||799,380 km2|
|Land Area||786,380 km2|
|Water Area||13,000 km2|
|Total Border||4,783 km|
|Bordering Countries||Malawi 1498 km, South Africa 496 km, Eswatini 108 km, Tanzania 840 km, Zambia 439 km, Zimbabwe 1402 km|
|Climate||Tropical to subtropical|
|Coordinates||18 15 S, 35 00 E|
|Mean Elevation||345 m|
|Lowest Elevation||0 m|
|Highest Elevation||2,436 m|
|Ethnic Groups||African 99.66% (Makhuwa, Tsonga, Lomwe, Sena, and others), Euro-African 0.2%, Indian 0.08%, European 0.06%|
|Languages||Emakhuwa 26.1%, Portuguese (official) 16.6%, Xichangana 8.6%, Cinyanja 8.1, Cisena 7.1%, Elomwe 7.1%, Echuwabo 4.7%, Cindau 3.8%, Xitswa 3.8%, other Mozambican languages 11.8%, other 0.5%, unspecified 1.8% (2017 est.)|
|Religions||Roman Catholic 27.2%, Muslim 18.9%, Zionist Christian 15.6%, Evangelical/Pentecostal 15.3%, Anglican 1.7%, other 4.8%, none 13.9%, unspecified 2.5% (2017 est.)|
|GDP Per Capita||$491.80|
|Exports||Aluminum, prawns, cashews, cotton, sugar, citrus, timber; bulk electricity|
This page was last updated on September 14, 2020