Kenya is a country located in Eastern Africa where it covers an area of 580,367 sq. km.
From its Indian Ocean coastline, Kenya's flat land rises into central highlands. Those highlands are the site of the country's highest point; Mount Kenya, standing at 5,199 m. It has been marked on the physical map above.
As shown on the map, the Kenyan highlands are bisected by the Great Rift Valley; a valley that divides Kenya down the length of the entire country. It contains all but uninhabitable desert, flat arid plains, steep cliffs and slopes, and in some areas, very fertile farmland.
In the Rift Valley, there are some active and semi-active volcanoes, along with numerous hot springs. Also found in the valley are a string of alkaline lakes including Lake Turkana (formerly Lake Rudolf), the world's largest permanent desert lake and the world's largest alkaline lake.
Additional lakes across the valley include Lake Baringo, Lake Bogoria, Lake Nakuru, Lake Elementaita, Lake Naivasha, and Lake Magadi in the far south.
In the far north, Chalbi Desert (marked on the map), on the edge of Lake Turkana, is Kenya's only true desert. Surrounded by volcanoes and ancient lava flows, it's the hottest and most arid region in the country.
As for rivers, the 440-mile Tana River is the longest in Kenya. The river rises in the Aberdare Mountains to the west of Nyeri, then eventually drains into the Indian Ocean at Formosa Bay.
Kenya is divided into 47 counties. In alphabetical order, they are: Baringo, Bomet, Bungoma, Busia, Elgeyo/Marakwet, Embu, Garissa, Homa Bay, Isiolo, Kajiado, Kakamega, Kericho, Kiambu, Kilifi, Kirinyaga, Kisii, Kisumu, Kitui, Kwale, Laikipia, Lamu, Machakos, Makueni, Mandera, Marsabit, Meru, Migori, Mombasa, Murang'a, Nairobi City, Nakuru, Nandi, Narok, Nyamira, Nyandarua, Nyeri, Samburu, Siaya, Taita/Taveta, Tana River, Tharaka-Nithi, Trans Nzoia, Turkana, Uasin Gishu, Vihiga, Wajir, and West Pokot.
With an area of 71,597.8 sq. km, Turkana is the largest county in Kenya. Nairobi which is the national capital city is the most populous one.
Kenya is a country in Eastern Africa. It is located in the Eastern Hemisphere. The Equator passes through the country. Five countries border Kenya. These are Ethiopia, South Sudan, Uganda, Tanzania, and Somalia to the north, northwest, west, south, and east respectively. Kenya has a coastline on the Indian Ocean to the southeast.
Regional Maps: Map of Africa
|Legal Name||Republic of Kenya|
|1 17 S, 36 49 E|
|Independence||12 December 1963 (from the UK)|
|Total Area||580,367.00 km2|
|Land Area||569,140.00 km2|
|Water Area||11,227.00 km2|
|Total Border||3,457.0 km|
|Bordering Countries||Ethiopia 867 km, Somalia 684 km, South Sudan 317 km, Tanzania 775 km, Uganda 814 km|
|Climate||Varies from tropical along coast to arid in interior|
|Coordinates||1 00 N, 38 00 E|
|Mean Elevation||762 m|
|Lowest Elevation||0 m|
|Highest Elevation||5,199 m|
|Ethnic Groups||Kikuyu 17.2%, Luhya 13.8%, Kalejin 12.9%, Luo 10.5%, Kamba 10.1%, Somali 6.2%, Kisii 5.7%, Mijikenda 5.1%, Meru 4.3%, Turkana 2.6%, Masai 2.2%, other 9.4% (2014 est.)|
|Languages||English (official), Kiswahili (official), numerous indigenous languages|
|Religions||Christian 83% (Protestant 47.7%, Catholic 23.4%, other Christian 11.9%), Muslim 11.2%, Traditionalists 1.7%, other 1.6%, none 2.4%, unspecified 0.2% (2009 est.)|
|Currency||Kenyan shillings (KES)|
|GDP Per Capita||$1,816.55|
|Exports||Tea, horticultural products, coffee, petroleum products, fish, cement, apparel|
This page was last updated on November 9, 2020