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Burundi

Physical Map of Burundi

Physical Map of Burundi with state boundaries. Details the relief, physical features of the country, including mountain ranges, various bodies of water such as the Lake Tanganyika, major rivers, cities, extreme points, etc.
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As shown on the map, the small landlocked country of Burundi is located on the northeastern shoreline of Lake Tanganyika. It occupies an area of 27,834 sq. km in Central-East Africa.

Burundi has a largely hilly and mountainous terrain with the wooded Mitumba Mountains in the west giving way to a plateau eastwards. As marked on the map, the highest point in Burundi is the 2,670 m high Mount Heha located in the western mountainous region. The country's lowest point is at 772 m in Lake Tanganyika. Estimated to be the second-largest freshwater lake in the world, Lake Tanganyika is divided amongst four different countries, including Burundi. Its waters flow into the Congo River, which leads to the Atlantic Ocean. Some major rivers like Kanyaru, Malagarasi, Ruvyironza, and Rurubu have been marked on the map above. Significant lakes include the Cohoha, Rwero, and of course, Lake Tanganyika. 

Provinces of Burundi Map

Political map of Burundi displaying its 18 provinces, their capital cities, and the national capital of Gitega.
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The political map of Burundi shows the 18 provinces and their capital cities. The most populated province is Bubanza with a population of 338,023 people. The largest city of Burundi, and its former capital, is Bujumbura, and its current capital, Gitega, is the second largest city, located in the middle of the country. The largest province by area is Ruyigi, with 2,339 km2. 

The provinces of Burundi are: Bubanza, Bujumbura Mairie, Bujumbura Rural, Bururi, Cankuzo, Cibitoke, Gitega, Karuzi, Kayanza, Kirundo, Makamba, Muramvya, Muyinga, Mwaro, Ngozi, Rumonge, Rutana, Ruyigi.

Provinces are divided into 117 communies which are further subdivided into 2,638 collines.

Where is Burundi?

Where is Burundi?
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The landlocked country of Burundi is located in the Great Rift Valley in the area of convergence between East Africa and the African Great Lakes region. It lies in the Southern and Eastern Hemispheres of the Earth. Three countries border Burundi. These are Rwanda to the north, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west, and Tanzania to the southeast and east. The southwestern borders of Burundi feature the world's second deepest lake, Lake Tanganyika.

Burundi Bordering Countries: Rwanda, Tanzania, The Democratic Republic Of The Congo.

Regional Maps: Map of Africa

Outline Map of Burundi

Outline Map of Burundi

This outline map represents the landlocked country of Burundi in Africa's Great Lakes Region. 

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Blank outline map of Burundi

Blank outline map of Burundi. Can be used for coloring. Free download and print out for educational, school, or classroom use.

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Key Facts

Legal Name Republic of Burundi
Capital City Gitega (political capital), Bujumbura (commercial capital); note - in January 2019, the Burundian parliament voted to make Gitega the political capital of the country while Bujumbura would remain its economic capital; all branches of the government are ex
3 25 S, 29 55 E
Independence 1 July 1962 (from UN trusteeship under Belgian administration)

Geography

Total Area 27,830 km2
Land Area 25,680 km2
Water Area 2,150 km2
Total Border 1,140 km
Coastline 0 km
Bordering Countries Democratic Republic of the Congo 236 km, Rwanda 315 km, Tanzania 589 km
Climate Equatorial; high plateau with considerable altitude variation (772 m to 2,670 m above sea level); average annual temperature varies with altitude from 23 to 17 degrees celsius but is generally moderate as the average altitude is about 1,700 m; average annual rainfall is about 150 cm; two wet seasons (february to may and september to november), and two dry seasons (june to august and december to january)
Coordinates 3 30 S, 30 00 E
Mean Elevation 1,504 m
Lowest Elevation 772 m
Lake Tanganyika
Highest Elevation 2,670 m
Heha

Demographics

Population 11,530,580
Ethnic Groups Hutu 85%, Tutsi 14%, Twa (Pygmy) 1%, Europeans 3,000, South Asians 2,000
Languages Kirundi only 29.7% (official); French only .3% (official); Swahili only .2%; English only .1% (official); Kirundi and French 8.4%; Kirundi, French, and English 2.4%, other language combinations 2%, unspecified 56.9% (2008 est.)
Religions Roman Catholic 62.1%, Protestant 23.9% (includes Adventist 2.3% and other Protestant 21.6%), Muslim 2.5%, other 3.6%, unspecified 7.9% (2008 est.)

Economy

Currency Burundi francs (BIF)
GDP $3.01 Billion
GDP Per Capita $261.25
Exports Coffee, tea, sugar, cotton, hides

This page was last updated on September 14, 2020

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