As shown on the map, the small landlocked country of Burundi is located on the northeastern shoreline of Lake Tanganyika. It occupies an area of 27,834 sq. km in Central-East Africa.
Burundi has a largely hilly and mountainous terrain with the wooded Mitumba Mountains in the west giving way to a plateau eastwards. As marked on the map, the highest point in Burundi is the 2,670 m high Mount Heha located in the western mountainous region. The country's lowest point is at 772 m in Lake Tanganyika. Estimated to be the second-largest freshwater lake in the world, Lake Tanganyika is divided amongst four different countries, including Burundi. Its waters flow into the Congo River, which leads to the Atlantic Ocean. Some major rivers like Kanyaru, Malagarasi, Ruvyironza, and Rurubu have been marked on the map above. Significant lakes include the Cohoha, Rwero, and of course, Lake Tanganyika.
The political map of Burundi shows the 18 provinces and their capital cities. The most populated province is Bubanza with a population of 338,023 people. The largest city of Burundi, and its former capital, is Bujumbura, and its current capital, Gitega, is the second largest city, located in the middle of the country. The largest province by area is Ruyigi, with 2,339 km2.
The provinces of Burundi are: Bubanza, Bujumbura Mairie, Bujumbura Rural, Bururi, Cankuzo, Cibitoke, Gitega, Karuzi, Kayanza, Kirundo, Makamba, Muramvya, Muyinga, Mwaro, Ngozi, Rumonge, Rutana, Ruyigi.
Provinces are divided into 117 communies which are further subdivided into 2,638 collines.
The landlocked country of Burundi is located in the Great Rift Valley in the area of convergence between East Africa and the African Great Lakes region. It lies in the Southern and Eastern Hemispheres of the Earth. Three countries border Burundi. These are Rwanda to the north, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west, and Tanzania to the southeast and east. The southwestern borders of Burundi feature the world's second deepest lake, Lake Tanganyika.
Regional Maps: Map of Africa
|Legal Name||Republic of Burundi|
|Capital City||Gitega (political capital), Bujumbura (commercial capital); note - in January 2019, the Burundian parliament voted to make Gitega the political capital of the country while Bujumbura would remain its economic capital; all branches of the government are ex|
|3 25 S, 29 55 E|
|Independence||1 July 1962 (from UN trusteeship under Belgian administration)|
|Total Area||27,830 km2|
|Land Area||25,680 km2|
|Water Area||2,150 km2|
|Total Border||1,140 km|
|Bordering Countries||Democratic Republic of the Congo 236 km, Rwanda 315 km, Tanzania 589 km|
|Climate||Equatorial; high plateau with considerable altitude variation (772 m to 2,670 m above sea level); average annual temperature varies with altitude from 23 to 17 degrees celsius but is generally moderate as the average altitude is about 1,700 m; average annual rainfall is about 150 cm; two wet seasons (february to may and september to november), and two dry seasons (june to august and december to january)|
|Coordinates||3 30 S, 30 00 E|
|Mean Elevation||1,504 m|
|Lowest Elevation||772 m|
|Highest Elevation||2,670 m|
|Ethnic Groups||Hutu 85%, Tutsi 14%, Twa (Pygmy) 1%, Europeans 3,000, South Asians 2,000|
|Languages||Kirundi only 29.7% (official); French only .3% (official); Swahili only .2%; English only .1% (official); Kirundi and French 8.4%; Kirundi, French, and English 2.4%, other language combinations 2%, unspecified 56.9% (2008 est.)|
|Religions||Roman Catholic 62.1%, Protestant 23.9% (includes Adventist 2.3% and other Protestant 21.6%), Muslim 2.5%, other 3.6%, unspecified 7.9% (2008 est.)|
|Currency||Burundi francs (BIF)|
|GDP Per Capita||$261.25|
|Exports||Coffee, tea, sugar, cotton, hides|
This page was last updated on September 14, 2020