New Mexico is in the southwestern region of the United States. It covers an area of 121,697 square miles, making it the fifth-largest state in terms of land area. The state shares borders with Colorado to the north, Oklahoma and Texas to the east, Arizona to the west, and Mexico to the south.
The state's geography includes mountain ranges, deserts, plateaus, and canyons. The Rocky Mountains run through northern New Mexico, while the Chihuahuan Desert dominates the southern part of the state. Significant mountain ranges include the Jemez, Sangre de Cristo, and Zuni. Situated in the northeast of Taos, in the state's northern part, is Wheeler Peak – New Mexico's highest point, rising at an elevation of 13,167ft.
New Mexico is divisible into five geographical regions:
The Rio Grande River, rising in southwestern Colorado, flows south through New Mexico, forming the natural borders between Mexico and Texas. Other significant rivers include the Canadian, Gila, and Pecos rivers. New Mexico's lowest point is on the state's southern border with Texas, in the Red Bluff Reservoir along the Pecos River.
The Colorado Plateau, a series of flatlands, gorges, mountains, and valleys, slices across the state's northwestern corner. The Great Plains of North America slopes east from the Rocky Mountains, covering the state's eastern border with Texas; ranching is a common industry on these plains. This elevated plateau area gradually blends with western Oklahoma and Texas's extensive (and flat) treeless regions.
New Mexico has several national parks, including Carlsbad Caverns National Park, White Sands National Monument, and Bandelier National Monument. These parks showcase some of New Mexico's unique geological formations, such as underground caves at Carlsbad Caverns, gypsum dunes at White Sands, and ancient cliff dwellings at Bandelier.
The State of New Mexico is divided into 33 counties. In alphabetical order, these counties are: Bernalillo, Catron, Chaves, Cibola, Colfax, Curry, De Baca, Dona Ana, Eddy, Grant, Guadalupe, Harding, Hidalgo, Lea, Lincoln, Los Alamos, Luna, McKinley, Mora, Otero, Quay, Rio Arriba, Roosevelt, San Juan, San Miguel, Sandoval, Santa Fe, Sierra, Socorro, Taos, Torrance, Union, and Valencia.
New Mexico is divided into 33 counties. In alphabetical order, the counties are: Bernalillo, Catron, Chaves, Cibola, Colfax, Curry, De Baca, Dona Ana, Eddy, Grant, Guadalupe, Harding, Hidalgo, Lea, Lincoln, Los Alamos, Luna, McKinley, Mora, Otero, Quay, Rio Arriba, Roosevelt, San Juan, San Miguel, Sandoval, Santa Fe, Sierra, Socorro, Taos, Torrance, Union, Valencia.
With an area of 314,900 sq. km, Mexico is the 5th largest and the 36th most populous state in the USA. Located at the base of the Sangre de Cristo Mountains, in the northern Rio Grande valley is Santa Fe – the capital city of New Mexico. Due to its location at an elevation of 7,199ft above sea level, it has the highest elevation of a state capital in the US. Santa Fe is considered to be one of the greatest art cities in the world and also serves as the cultural capital of the Southwest region of the United States. It is also regarded as the country’s oldest state capital. Situated in the north-central part of the state is Albuquerque – the largest and the most populous city in New Mexico. The city is home to several government institutions, research facilities, and educational institutions. The Albuquerque International Balloon Fiesta, which is held every year in the city is one of the world’s largest gathering of hot-air balloons.
The State of New Mexico is located in the southwestern region of the United States. The landlocked state is bordered by the states of Arizona in the west; by Colorado in the north; and by Oklahoma and Texas in the east. New Mexico also borders the Mexican states of Chihuahua and Sonora in the south.
Regional Maps: Map of North America
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This page was last updated on February 22, 2023