Covering an area of 314,900 sq. km, the State of New Mexico is located in the southwestern region of the United States.
As observed on the map, the tree-covered Rocky Mountains extend south from Colorado into the north-central part of New Mexico. Significant mountain ranges include the Jemez, Sangre de Cristo, and Zuni. Situated in the northeast of Taos, in the state’s northern part is the Wheeler Peak – New Mexico’s highest point, rising at an elevation of 13,167ft (4,013m).
The Colorado Plateau – which is a series of flatlands, gorges, mountains, and valleys, slices across the state's northwestern corner. The Great Plains of North America which slopes east from the Rocky Mountains, covers the state’s eastern border with Texas. This elevated plateau area gradually blends with the large (and flat) treeless areas of western Oklahoma and Texas.
Situated in the extreme northwestern corner of the state, is the Four Corners Monument - the only quadripoint in the United States, and the meeting point of the states of Utah, Arizona, Colorado, and New Mexico.
The Black Range, as well as the Guadeloupe, Mogollon, Sacramento, and San Andres Mountains, dominate the landscape along the southern reaches of New Mexico.
Situated in the southwest of Alamogordo in the western Otero County is the White Sands National Park - one of the world's great natural wonders and one of the most dramatic features of the state of New Mexico. Located in the Guadalupe Mountains, in southeastern New Mexico is the Carlsbad Caverns National Park - the site of more than 100 caves, which also includes the deepest cave of the country, the Lechuguilla Cave, at about 1,500ft.
The Rio Grande River, rising in southwestern Colorado, flows south through the state of New Mexico, later forming the natural borders between Mexico and Texas. Other significant rivers include the Canadian, Gila, and Pecos rivers. New Mexico’s lowest point as marked on the map by an inverted yellow triangle is, located on the state’s southern border with Texas, in the Red Bluff Reservoir along the Pecos River.
The State of New Mexico is divided into 33 counties. In alphabetical order, these counties are: Bernalillo, Catron, Chaves, Cibola, Colfax, Curry, De Baca, Dona Ana, Eddy, Grant, Guadalupe, Harding, Hidalgo, Lea, Lincoln, Los Alamos, Luna, McKinley, Mora, Otero, Quay, Rio Arriba, Roosevelt, San Juan, San Miguel, Sandoval, Santa Fe, Sierra, Socorro, Taos, Torrance, Union, and Valencia.
New Mexico is divided into 33 counties. In alphabetical order, the counties are: Bernalillo, Catron, Chaves, Cibola, Colfax, Curry, De Baca, Dona Ana, Eddy, Grant, Guadalupe, Harding, Hidalgo, Lea, Lincoln, Los Alamos, Luna, McKinley, Mora, Otero, Quay, Rio Arriba, Roosevelt, San Juan, San Miguel, Sandoval, Santa Fe, Sierra, Socorro, Taos, Torrance, Union, Valencia.
With an area of 314,900 sq. km, Mexico is the 5th largest and the 36th most populous state in the USA. Located at the base of the Sangre de Cristo Mountains, in the northern Rio Grande valley is Santa Fe – the capital city of New Mexico. Due to its location at an elevation of 7,199ft above sea level, it has the highest elevation of a state capital in the US. Santa Fe is considered to be one of the greatest art cities in the world and also serves as the cultural capital of the Southwest region of the United States. It is also regarded as the country’s oldest state capital. Situated in the north-central part of the state is Albuquerque – the largest and the most populous city in New Mexico. The city is home to several government institutions, research facilities, and educational institutions. The Albuquerque International Balloon Fiesta, which is held every year in the city is one of the world’s largest gathering of hot-air balloons.
The State of New Mexico is located in the southwestern region of the United States. The landlocked state is bordered by the states of Arizona in the west; by Colorado in the north; and by Oklahoma and Texas in the east. New Mexico also borders the Mexican states of Chihuahua and Sonora in the south.
Regional Maps: Map of North America
|Legal Name||State of New Mexico|
|ISO 3166 Code||US-NM|
|Capital City||Santa Fe|
This page was last updated on February 25, 2021