Covering an area of 696,200 sq.km, Texas is located in the southern Gulf-coast region of the United States.
Due to its vast size, Texas contains diverse landscapes ranging from the fertile Coastal Plains in the southeast to the high mountains and plains in the northwest and western region of the state.
As observed on the map, the land is mostly flat along the state’s coastline with the Gulf of Mexico, where various bayous, bays, islands, and saltwater marshes dominate the landscape. From there the land stretches inland as the Coastal Plains that encompass about two-fifths of the state’s area. The plain land gently rises (in the central and west) into the rolling hills of the Edwards Plateau, and is commonly referred to as the Texas Hill Country.
In the far north, the Great Plains of North America extends into the edges of the Texas Panhandle to the east of Amarillo, where they are fronted in the west by the south-eastern edges of the Rocky Mountains. The flat, desert-like conditions are broken by the isolated and rugged peaks of the Davis, Guadalupe, and Santiago mountains that are situated in the far southwestern part of the state. Located in Culberson county as a part of the Guadalupe Mountains is Guadalupe Peak – the state’s highest point, that rises to an elevation of 8,749ft (2,667m). As marked on the map by an inverted yellow triangle, Texas’s lowest point is a small lake lying along the Rio Grande River, near the Gulf of Mexico at (-2ft).
The major river in Texas is the Rio Grande river. Other rivers of note include the Brazos, Sabine, Canadian, Colorado, Pecos, Trinity, and Red rivers. The borders of Texas with the other states are delineated naturally by its rivers. The Red River forms its border with Oklahoma and Arkansas, while the Sabine River forms its border with Louisiana. Besides this, Texas is also bordered by the Rio Grande River that forms the state’s entire 1,951 miles (3,141km) long border with the country of Mexico.
The State of Texas is divided into 254 counties. In alphabetical order, these counties are: Anderson, Andrews, Angelina, Aransas, Archer, Armstrong, Atascosa, Austin, Bailey, Bandera, Bastrop, Baylor, Bee, Bell, Bexar, Blanco, Borden, Bosque, Bowie, Brazoria, Brazos, Brewster, Briscoe, Brooks, Brown, Burleson, Burnet, Caldwell, Calhoun, Callahan, Cameron, Camp, Carson, Cass, Castro, Chambers, Cherokee, Childress, Clay, Cochran, Coke, Coleman, Collin, Collingsworth, Colorado, Comal, Comanche, Concho, Cooke, Coryell, Cottle, Crane, Crockett, Crosby, Culberson, Dallam, Dallas, Dawson, De Witt, Deaf Smith, Delta, Denton, Dickens, Dimmit, Donley, Duval, Eastland, Ector, Edwards, El Paso, Ellis, Erath, Falls, Fannin, Fayette, Fisher, Floyd, Foard, Fort Bend, Franklin, Freestone, Frio, Gaines, Galveston, Garza, Gillespie, Glasscock, Goliad, Gonzales, Gray, Grayson, Gregg, Grimes, Guadalupe, Hale, Hall, Hamilton, Hansford, Hardeman, Hardin, Harris, Harrison, Hartley, Haskell, Hays, Hemphill, Henderson, Hidalgo, Hill, Hockley, Hood, Hopkins, Houston, Howard, Hudspeth, Hunt, Hutchinson, Irion, Jack, Jackson, Jasper, Jeff Davis, Jefferson, Jim Hogg, Jim Wells, Johnson, Jones, Karnes, Kaufman, Kendall, Kenedy, Kent, Kerr, Kimble, King, Kinney, Kleberg, Knox, La Salle, Lamar, Lamb, Lampasas, Lavaca, Lee, Leon, Liberty, Limestone, Lipscomb, Live Oak, Llano, Loving, Lubbock, Lynn, Madison, Marion, Martin, Mason, Matagorda, Maverick, McCulloch, McLennan, McMullen, Medina, Menard, Midland, Milam, Mills, Mitchell, Montague, Montgomery, Moore, Morris, Motley, Nacogdoches, Navarro, Newton, Nolan, Nueces, Ochiltree, Oldham, Orange, Palo Pinto, Panola, Parker, Parmer, Pecos, Polk, Potter, Presidio, Rains, Randall, Reagan, Real, Red River, Reeves, Refugio, Roberts, Robertson, Rockwall, Runnels, Rusk, Sabine, San Augustine, San Jacinto, San Patricio, San Saba, Schleicher, Scurry, Shackelford, Shelby, Sherman, Smith, Somervell, Starr, Stephens, Sterling, Stonewall, Sutton, Swisher, Tarrant, Taylor, Terrell, Terry, Throckmorton, Titus, Tom Green, Travis, Trinity, Tyler, Upshur, Upton, Uvalde, Val Verde, Van Zandt, Victoria, Walker, Waller, Ward, Washington, Webb, Wharton, Wheeler, Wichita, Wilbarger, Willacy, Williamson, Wilson, Winkler, Wise, Wood, Yoakum, Young, Zapata, and Zavala.
With an area of 696,200 sq.km, Texas is the 2nd largest state in the USA both by population and land area. Located in the south-central part of the state, at the bottom of the Balcones Escarpment on the Colorado River is Austin – the capital city of Texas. It serves as the cultural, administrative, and economic center of the state. Situated in the southeastern part of the state is Houston – the largest and the most populous city in Texas. It serves as the most diverse city of the state and is home to the Johnson Space Center – NASA’s official visitor center. Houston is also known for its thriving visual and performing arts center.
The State of Texas is located in the southern Gulf-coast region of the United States. Texas is bordered by the state of Oklahoma in the north, by Arkansas in the northeast, by Louisiana in the east, by New Mexico in the west, and by the Mexican states (Coahuila, Chihuahua, Nuevo León, and Tamaulipas) in the south and southwest. It is also bounded by the crescent-shaped coastline of the Gulf of Mexico in the southeast.
Regional Maps: Map of North America
|Legal Name||State of Texas|
|ISO 3166 Code||US-TX|
This page was last updated on February 25, 2021