Texas is a large and diverse state located in the southern United States. The state has various geographic regions, ranging from temperate plains to tropical areas. Texas covers an area of about 268,597 square miles making it the second-largest state in the continental US. Texas borders Oklahoma to the north, Louisiana to the east, Arkansas to the northeast, New Mexico to the west, and Mexico directly south.
The topography of Texas contains four distinct regions: the Great Plains, Eastern Cross Timbers, the Balcones Fault zone, and the Gulf Coastal Plains.
The Great Plains region of Texas is a vast area that covers much of the north and central parts of the state. It consists primarily of flat land with long grass prairies and rolling hills extending eastward from New Mexico to Oklahoma and southward towards Mexico. The climate varies depending on elevation, but temperatures usually range between hot summers and mild winters. Average annual precipitation can range from light to moderate depending on location, with the highest levels found in northern regions near the Red River Valley. The area is home to a variety of wildlife, such as whitetail deer, bison, coyote, jackrabbits, wild turkey, bobcats, and mule deer.
The Eastern Cross Timbers region spreads in an arc around the Red River Valley of Texas. The area consists primarily of forested land with rolling hills and grassy plains. The climate varies between hot summers and mild winters, with temperature ranges typically being hotter than average during the summer months. Precipitation levels in this region are higher than in other parts of Texas due to its location along a rain shadow belt from storms originating from the Gulf of Mexico.
The Balcones Fault zone is located in the central region of Texas and runs along the I-35 corridor between Austin and San Antonio. It is an old fault line that has caused significant geological changes in this area over time. The fragile terrain possesses rolling hills, caves, springs, and canyons, which provide the perfect habitat for various plant and animal life. This region contrasts dramatically with the simpler land areas further east or plains further west, particularly regarding vegetation. The hot summers are tempered by mild winters making it an excellent place for outdoor recreation year-round. Its unique history makes it popular with tourists looking for its sublime landscapes, culture, and wildlife attractions.
The Gulf Coastal Plains of Texas are a flat, humid region located along its coastline in the eastern part of the state. This area is characterized by hot summers and mild winters, with precipitation varying significantly due to its size. The Gulf Coastal Plains consist primarily of marshlands and beaches such as Galveston Bay and Corpus Christi Bay and numerous smaller islands off the coast such as Padre Island National Seashore, Mustang Island State Park, and South Padre Island. Wildlife in this region includes alligators, manatees, dolphins, and over hundreds of species of birds. The area also provides excellent opportunities for recreational activities such as fishing, bird watching, camping, and hiking.
The climate of Texas varies depending on its geographic region; however, temperatures range between hot summers and mild winters across most of Texas. Summers are typically hot with high humidity levels, while winters can be mild but often have cold temperatures at night. Precipitation also varies significantly due to its size; northern regions receive more significant amounts than southern areas, which have less rainfall overall.
The State of Texas is divided into 254 counties. In alphabetical order, these counties are: Anderson, Andrews, Angelina, Aransas, Archer, Armstrong, Atascosa, Austin, Bailey, Bandera, Bastrop, Baylor, Bee, Bell, Bexar, Blanco, Borden, Bosque, Bowie, Brazoria, Brazos, Brewster, Briscoe, Brooks, Brown, Burleson, Burnet, Caldwell, Calhoun, Callahan, Cameron, Camp, Carson, Cass, Castro, Chambers, Cherokee, Childress, Clay, Cochran, Coke, Coleman, Collin, Collingsworth, Colorado, Comal, Comanche, Concho, Cooke, Coryell, Cottle, Crane, Crockett, Crosby, Culberson, Dallam, Dallas, Dawson, De Witt, Deaf Smith, Delta, Denton, Dickens, Dimmit, Donley, Duval, Eastland, Ector, Edwards, El Paso, Ellis, Erath, Falls, Fannin, Fayette, Fisher, Floyd, Foard, Fort Bend, Franklin, Freestone, Frio, Gaines, Galveston, Garza, Gillespie, Glasscock, Goliad, Gonzales, Gray, Grayson, Gregg, Grimes, Guadalupe, Hale, Hall, Hamilton, Hansford, Hardeman, Hardin, Harris, Harrison, Hartley, Haskell, Hays, Hemphill, Henderson, Hidalgo, Hill, Hockley, Hood, Hopkins, Houston, Howard, Hudspeth, Hunt, Hutchinson, Irion, Jack, Jackson, Jasper, Jeff Davis, Jefferson, Jim Hogg, Jim Wells, Johnson, Jones, Karnes, Kaufman, Kendall, Kenedy, Kent, Kerr, Kimble, King, Kinney, Kleberg, Knox, La Salle, Lamar, Lamb, Lampasas, Lavaca, Lee, Leon, Liberty, Limestone, Lipscomb, Live Oak, Llano, Loving, Lubbock, Lynn, Madison, Marion, Martin, Mason, Matagorda, Maverick, McCulloch, McLennan, McMullen, Medina, Menard, Midland, Milam, Mills, Mitchell, Montague, Montgomery, Moore, Morris, Motley, Nacogdoches, Navarro, Newton, Nolan, Nueces, Ochiltree, Oldham, Orange, Palo Pinto, Panola, Parker, Parmer, Pecos, Polk, Potter, Presidio, Rains, Randall, Reagan, Real, Red River, Reeves, Refugio, Roberts, Robertson, Rockwall, Runnels, Rusk, Sabine, San Augustine, San Jacinto, San Patricio, San Saba, Schleicher, Scurry, Shackelford, Shelby, Sherman, Smith, Somervell, Starr, Stephens, Sterling, Stonewall, Sutton, Swisher, Tarrant, Taylor, Terrell, Terry, Throckmorton, Titus, Tom Green, Travis, Trinity, Tyler, Upshur, Upton, Uvalde, Val Verde, Van Zandt, Victoria, Walker, Waller, Ward, Washington, Webb, Wharton, Wheeler, Wichita, Wilbarger, Willacy, Williamson, Wilson, Winkler, Wise, Wood, Yoakum, Young, Zapata, and Zavala.
With an area of 696,200 sq.km, Texas is the 2nd largest state in the USA both by population and land area. Located in the south-central part of the state, at the bottom of the Balcones Escarpment on the Colorado River is Austin – the capital city of Texas. It serves as the cultural, administrative, and economic center of the state. Situated in the southeastern part of the state is Houston – the largest and the most populous city in Texas. It serves as the most diverse city of the state and is home to the Johnson Space Center – NASA’s official visitor center. Houston is also known for its thriving visual and performing arts center.
The State of Texas is located in the southern Gulf-coast region of the United States. Texas is bordered by the state of Oklahoma in the north, by Arkansas in the northeast, by Louisiana in the east, by New Mexico in the west, and by the Mexican states (Coahuila, Chihuahua, Nuevo León, and Tamaulipas) in the south and southwest. It is also bounded by the crescent-shaped coastline of the Gulf of Mexico in the southeast.
Regional Maps: Map of North America
|Legal Name||State of Texas|
|ISO 3166 Code||US-TX|
This page was last updated on February 2, 2023