Northern Georgia is covered by the southern edges of the Appalachian Mountains.
The heavily forested Blue Ridge Mountains, famed for a bluish color when seen from a distance, form the eastern front of the Appalachians, from Georgia to Pennsylvania. The state's highest point is located here; Brasstown Bald, at 4,784 ft.
The Appalachian Mountains, about 1,500 miles in length, extend through Georgia, up through the New England states and on into the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Quebec.
Moving south, the land lowers into the rolling red-clay hills of the Piedmont Plateau, then continues to slope gradually south into the fertile lowlands of the coastal plain and the Atlantic Ocean coastline.
Stone Mountain, just east of Atlanta, is really not a mountain at all, but rather the largest single block of granite in the world. It's almost 6,000 ft. long and stands over 800 ft. tall.
Numerous sea islands front its deeply indented Atlantic Ocean coastline. Also in the south, scattered swampy areas are found, with the largest one being the Okefenokee Swamp along the border with Florida.
Georgia is drained by numerous rivers. Major ones include the Chattachoochee, Flint, Ocmulgee and Savannah. In addition, the state contains many manmade lakes and reservoirs.
For a closer look at the topography of Georgia, view this topographic map