Covering an area of 135,760 sq. km, the State of Alabama is located in the South-Eastern region of the United States.
As observed on the map, the extreme north and north-eastern parts of the State are occupied by the fertile agricultural valley of the Tennessee River. Along much of its border with Georgia, the lands are hilly and mountainous, due to the southwestern extremities of the Appalachian Mountains. These mountains about 2,000 miles (3,200km) in length, extend from north-central Alabama, through Georgia and the Carolinas, up through New England, and into the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick, Newfoundland, and Quebec.
The Cumberland Plateau in the north is an elevated, somewhat flat area, that is dissected by the massive Tennessee River system and its many small tributaries. The Piedmont Upland is dominated by several flat-topped mountains, while the Piedmont Plateau in the southeast is generally less elevated land, averaging about 1000 ft. above sea level.
Several mountains of size stand in north-eastern Alabama, with the Lookout Mountain being the most prominent. Further south in the Talladega Range of the Appalachians, the state’s highest point – Cheaha Mountain, rises to an elevation of 2,413ft (735m).
The central, west, and southwestern areas of the State are covered by rolling grassland plains that slope gently west into Mississippi, and south to the Gulf of Mexico. About 67% of Alabama’s total available land (about 89,000 sq. km) is heavily wooded and covered by forests. Several underground caves are also found throughout Alabama. Marshland and swamps are common in the far south along the Coastal Plains that fronts the Gulf of Mexico and stretches on into Florida. Located in Winston County to the east of the Rocky Mountains, is The Natural Bridge Rock – the longest natural bridge.
The state contains over 1,350 miles of navigable rivers which is more than any other continental U.S. State. Major rivers include Alabama, Chattahoochee, Black Warrior, Sipsey, Conecuh, Mobile, Tennessee, Tallapoosa, and Tombigbee. Several Lakes are also found in Alabama. The major ones include Weiss, Lake Martin, Guntersville Lake, and Wheeler lakes. The lowest point in Alabama is the Gulf of Mexico (0ft).
The State of Alabama is divided into 67 counties. In alphabetical order, these counties are: Autauga, Baldwin, Barbour, Bibb, Blount, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Chambers, Cherokee, Chilton, Choctaw, Clarke, Clay, Cleburne, Coffee, Colbert, Conecuh, Coosa, Covington, Crenshaw, Cullman, Dale, Dallas, DeKalb, Elmore, Escambia, Etowah, Fayette, Franklin, Geneva, Greene, Hale, Henry, Houston, Jackson, Jefferson, Lamar, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Lee, Limestone, Lowndes, Macon, Madison, Marengo, Marion, Marshall, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Perry, Pickens, Pike, Randolph, Russell, Saint Clair, Shelby, Sumter, Talladega, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa, Walker, Washington, Wilcox, and Winston.
With an area of 135,760 sq. km, Alabama is the 30th largest and the 24th most populous state in the USA. Located in the central part of the state, on the southern shores of the Alabama River is Montgomery – the capital and the 2nd most populous city of Alabama. Due to its central location in the state’s Black Belt region, Montgomery serves as the processing center for a variety of crops, including soybeans, peanuts, and cotton. It is also an important transportation and healthcare hub in the entire Black Belt region of Alabama. Situated in the north-central part of the state – Birmingham is the largest and the most populous city of Alabama. It serves as a cultural, financial, industrial, and economic hub of the state.
The State of Alabama is located in the South-Eastern region of the United States. Alabama is bordered by the state of Georgia in the east; by Mississippi in the west; by Tennessee in the north; and by Florida and the Gulf of Mexico in the south.
Regional Maps: Map of North America
|Legal Name||State of Alabama|
|ISO 3166 Code||US-AL|
This page was last updated on February 25, 2021