Florida, officially known as the Sunshine State, shares borders with the states of Alabama and Georgia to the north. On the east, it is bounded by the vast expanse of the Atlantic Ocean, while the Gulf of Mexico lies to the west and south. Covering an area of 65,758 square miles, Florida is the 22nd largest state in the United States.
The Coastal Plains region encompasses most of the state. It is generally flat and low-lying, sloping gently towards the Atlantic Ocean and the Gulf of Mexico. This terrain gives way to miles of beautiful, sandy coastline and picturesque beach towns, a defining feature of Florida. The region is interspersed with marshes and wetlands, especially in the Big Bend area, where the coastline curves to meet the Panhandle.
The Upland South, also known as the North Central region, occupies the northern part of the state. It features a slightly hilly landscape that differentiates it from the rest of Florida's mostly flat topography. This region is home to the highest point in Florida, Britton Hill, which stands at a modest height of 345 feet above sea level.
The Everglades region, often called the "River of Grass", is located in the southern part of Florida. This large tropical wetland area, a unique geographical feature, houses a wide variety of plant and animal species. It is characterized by shallow, slow-moving water spread over flatlands, creating a marshy terrain.
The Florida Keys, extending from the southern tip of the state right out to the uninhabited Dry Tortugas, is an archipelago consisting of more than 1,700 small islands. The Keys are famous for their coral reefs and tropical climate.
Florida's geography is not complete without mentioning its significant bodies of water. It boasts thousands of lakes, with the largest being Lake Okeechobee, spanning an impressive 730 square miles. Florida's long coastline is intersected by several major rivers, including the St. Johns River, the longest in the state. Flowing northward for over 300 miles, this river stands out due to its reversed flow direction. The Apalachicola River in the west and the Miami River in the southeast also play significant roles in the state's hydrology.
The State of Florida is divided into 67 counties. In alphabetical order, these counties are: Alachua, Baker, Bay, Bradford, Brevard, Broward, Calhoun, Charlotte, Citrus, Clay, Collier, Columbia, DeSoto, Dixie, Duval, Escambia, Flagler, Franklin, Gadsden, Gilchrist, Glades, Gulf, Hamilton, Hardee, Hendry, Hernando, Highlands, Hillsborough, Holmes, Indian River, Jackson, Jefferson, Lafayette, Lake, Lee, Leon, Levy, Liberty, Madison, Manatee, Marion, Martin, Miami-Dade, Monroe, Nassau, Okaloosa, Okeechobee, Orange, Osceola, Palm Beach, Pasco, Pinellas, Polk, Putnam, Saint Johns, Saint Lucie, Santa Rosa, Sarasota, Seminole, Sumter, Suwannee, Taylor, Union, Volusia, Wakulla, Walton, and Washington.
With an area of 170,312 sq. km, the State of Florida is the 3rd most populous state in the USA. Located in Leon County, in the heart of the state’s northern panhandle region is Tallahassee – the capital city of Florida. Tallahassee serves as an educational hub for both Florida and the USA. Situated along the banks of St. Johns River, in northeastern Florida is Jacksonville – the state’s largest and the most populous city.
The State of Florida is located in the far southeastern region of the United States. Florida shares its land border with the State of Alabama in the northwest, and with the State of Georgia in the north. Florida has the largest coastline in the contiguous United States and is surrounded by the Gulf of Mexico to the west; by the Atlantic Ocean to the east and by the Straits of Florida to the south.
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This page was last updated on June 30, 2023