Covering an area of 170,312 sq. km, the State of Florida is located in the far southeastern region of the United States.
A major portion of Florida is situated on a peninsula that has a diverse collection of islands, marshes, springs, swamps, and hundreds of small lakes, rivers, and ponds. Situated in Lake County along the western coast of Lake Apopka is the Sugarloaf Mountain – the highest point on the Florida Peninsula.
As observed on the map, Florida’s land is divided into four main regions: The Gulf Coast/Atlantic Ocean coastal plains, the upland (hilly area) of the north and northwest, the swampy Everglades of the far south, and the Florida Keys.
The coastal plains generally consist of flat land, fronted by barrier islands, sandy beaches, coral reefs, and sandbars. The low rolling hills of the uplands area stretch across the north-western part of the state and is known as the Florida Panhandle. Situated in the northern Walton County near the Alabama border is Britton Hill – the highest point in Florida, that rises to an elevation of 345ft (105m). It is also the lowest state highpoint in the United States. The lowest point of Florida is the Atlantic Ocean (0m).
The swampy Everglades (averaging about 8 ft. above sea level) is the largest subtropical wilderness in the United States. This protected area is dissected by countless bays, channels, and small lakes, and includes thousands of tiny islands. It is officially designated as an International Biosphere Reserve, a World Heritage Site, and a Wetland of International Significance. The northern part of Everglades forms the principal zone of Florida’s sugarcane production.
The largest inland body of water in Florida is Lake Okeechobee, a very shallow (only 20 foot deep) lake that drains into the Florida Everglades. Lake Okeechobee is also the third-largest freshwater lake located within the United States. Significant rivers of Florida include the Apalachicola, Caloosahatchee (Choctawhatchee), Indian, Kissimmee, St. John, and Suwannee.
The Florida Keys is an archipelago of about 1,700 islands, extending southwest from the south eastern tip of the Florida peninsula, on to the uninhabited Dry Tortugas in the Gulf of Mexico.
The State of Florida is divided into 67 counties. In alphabetical order, these counties are: Alachua, Baker, Bay, Bradford, Brevard, Broward, Calhoun, Charlotte, Citrus, Clay, Collier, Columbia, DeSoto, Dixie, Duval, Escambia, Flagler, Franklin, Gadsden, Gilchrist, Glades, Gulf, Hamilton, Hardee, Hendry, Hernando, Highlands, Hillsborough, Holmes, Indian River, Jackson, Jefferson, Lafayette, Lake, Lee, Leon, Levy, Liberty, Madison, Manatee, Marion, Martin, Miami-Dade, Monroe, Nassau, Okaloosa, Okeechobee, Orange, Osceola, Palm Beach, Pasco, Pinellas, Polk, Putnam, Saint Johns, Saint Lucie, Santa Rosa, Sarasota, Seminole, Sumter, Suwannee, Taylor, Union, Volusia, Wakulla, Walton, and Washington.
With an area of 170,312 sq. km, the State of Florida is the 3rd most populous state in the USA. Located in Leon County, in the heart of the state’s northern panhandle region is Tallahassee – the capital city of Florida. Tallahassee serves as an educational hub for both Florida and the USA. Situated along the banks of St. Johns River, in northeastern Florida is Jacksonville – the state’s largest and the most populous city.
The State of Florida is located in the far southeastern region of the United States. Florida shares its land border with the State of Alabama in the northwest, and with the State of Georgia in the north. Florida has the largest coastline in the contiguous United States and is surrounded by the Gulf of Mexico to the west; by the Atlantic Ocean to the east and by the Straits of Florida to the south.
Regional Maps: Map of North America
|Legal Name||State of Florida|
|ISO 3166 Code||US-FL|
This page was last updated on February 25, 2021