Covering an area of 89,932 sq. km, the State of South Carolina is located in the south-eastern region of the United States.
The State is divided into four distinct geographic areas - the Sea Islands, the Atlantic Coastal Plain, the Piedmont Plateau, and the Blue Ridge Mountains.
Low-lying chain of more than hundreds of sea islands front South Carolina’s deeply indented south-eastern Atlantic coastline. The broad and flat Atlantic Coastal Plain extends some 70 miles inland from the sea islands. Swampy along the coast, it is crisscrossed by dozens of rivers and covers about 50% of the state’s area.
The land then rises gently into forested sandhills (central), and then into the rolling hills of the Piedmont Plateau, where average elevations are near 1,000 ft above sea level. The Appalachian Mountains, about 2,000 miles (3,200km) in length, extends from Georgia through the Carolinas, up through New England, and into the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick, Newfoundland, and Quebec.
As observed on the map, the thickly forested Blue Ridge Mountains, which are famed for their bluish color when seen from a distance, stretches across the north-western edges of the state. Marked on the map by an upright yellow triangle is South Carolina’s highest point - Sassafras Mountain, which rises to an elevation of 3,554ft (1,083m). It is situated in the northern part of Pickens County, along the South Carolina-North Carolina border, on the far northwestern edge of South Carolina.
The state is drained by many rivers. The major ones include the Edisto, Great Pee Dee, Santee, and Savannah rivers. South Carolina also contains many manmade lakes and reservoirs, including Hartwell, Keowee, Marion, Moultrie, and Murray lakes and the Strom Thurmond Reservoir.
The State of South Carolina is divided into 46 counties. In alphabetical order, these counties are: Abbeville, Aiken, Allendale, Anderson, Bamberg, Barnwell, Beaufort, Berkeley, Calhoun, Charleston, Cherokee, Chester, Chesterfield, Clarendon, Colleton, Darlington, Dillon, Dorchester, Edgefield, Fairfield, Florence, Georgetown, Greenville, Greenwood, Hampton, Horry, Jasper, Kershaw, Lancaster, Laurens, Lee, Lexington, Marion, Marlboro, McCormick, Newberry, Oconee, Orangeburg, Pickens, Richland, Saluda, Spartanburg, Sumter, Union, Williamsburg, York.
With an area of 89,932 sq. km, the State of South Carolina is the 40th largest and the 23rd most populous state in the USA. Located in the state’s center at the confluence of three rivers (where the Saluda River and the Broad River merge to form the Congaree River) is Columbia – the capital and the 2nd largest city of South Carolina. It serves as the administrative, education, and commercial center of the state. It also hosts Fort Jackson – the largest US Army installation for Basic Combat Training. Situated in the southeastern part of the state on the Charleston Harbor is Charleston – the largest city in South Carolina. The city of Charleston serves as the chief port and cultural hub of the state.
The State of South Carolina is located in the south-eastern region of the United States. South Carolina is bordered by the states of North Carolina in the north; and by Georgia in the southwest. It is bounded by the Atlantic Ocean in the southeast.
Regional Maps: Map of North America
|Legal Name||State of South Carolina|
|ISO 3166 Code||US-SC|
This page was last updated on February 25, 2021