|Land Area||1,220,190 km2|
|Water Area||20,002 km2|
|Total Area||1,240,192km2 (#23)|
|Government Type||Semi-presidential Republic|
|GDP (PPP)||$38.09 Billion|
|GDP Per Capita||$2,300|
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Mali's landscape is mostly a savanna grassland that rolls into higher plateaus as you move north. Rugged hills with elevations that reach upwards of 3,280 ft (1,000 m) dot the northeast.
Approximately 65% of the country is covered by desert or semi-desert.
The lowest point of the country is the Senegal River at 75 ft (23 m); the highest point of Mali is Hombori Tondo at 3,789 ft (1,155 m).
The largest rivers in Mali are the Niger and Senegal. Considered to be Mali's lifeblood (its source of food, drinking water, irrigation and transportation) the Niger River snakes through roughly 2,600 miles (4,180 km) of western Africa.
What are the largest ethnic groups in Mali?
The Bambara are the largest ethnic group in the country making up about 36.5% of the total population in the country. Fulani makes up about 15% of the population and Sarakole 11%. Other ethnic groups include Senufo, Dogon, and Malinke.