1. Home
  2. Africa
  3. Senegal

Maps of Senegal

Phyiscal Map of Senegal with state boundaries. It shows the physical features of Senegal including relief, mountain ranges, rivers, and major cities. mauritania large senegal map mali guinea guinea bissau the gambia atlantic ocean worldatlas.com worldatlas.com

Senegal is a relatively flat country in West Africa with an area of 196,712 sq. km. It is located in a depression called the Senegal-Mauritanian Basin.

The country can be divided into three major physical regions. To the west is the Cape Verde headland or peninsula with small plateaus of volcanic origin. It hosts the national capital of Dakar as visible on the map. The relatively high eastern and southeastern parts with fringes of ancient massifs including the country's highest point at 581 m constitutes another distinct physical region. The third is the massive lowland area between the highland region to the east and Cape Verde to the west. The country also has a sandy coastline along the Atlantic to the west that is generally low except for the Cape Verde region. 

Major rivers draining the country include Senegal, Gambia, Saloum, and Casamance.

Regions of Senegal Map

Political Map of Senegal displaying the fourteen regions, their capitals, and the national capital of Dakar.

Senegal has four levels of administrative divisions. At the top of the hierarchy are the 14 regions of the country that take their name from the regional capitals. In alphabetical order, they are as follows: Dakar, Diourbel, Fatick, Kaffrine, Kaolack, Kedougou, Kolda, Louga, Matam, Saint-Louis, Sedhiou, Tambacounda, Thies, Ziguinchor. 

These regions are further subdivided into 45 departments which are then divided into smaller administrative divisions.

With an area of 42,364 sq. km, Tambacounda is the largest region in the country by area. Dakar that hosts the national capital city of Dakar is the most populous region in the country.

Where is Senegal?

Map showing location of Senegal in the world. Europe Middle East Africa Atlantic Ocean Atlantic Ocean Mediterranean Sea Arabian Sea Indian Ocean Tropic of Capricorn Equator Prime Meridian worldatlas.com worldatlas.com Tropic of Cancer Tunisia

Senegal is a West African country located in the Northern and Western hemispheres of the Earth. It is bordered by four countries; Mauritania, Mali, Guinea, and Guinea-Bissau to the north, east, southeast, and southwest, respectively. The country is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the west. Senegal nearly surrounds the small country of The Gambia. 

Senegal Bordering Countries: Mali, Mauritania, The Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea.

Regional Maps: Map of Africa

Outline Map of Senegal

Blank Outline Map of Senegal

The blank outline map respresents mainland Senegal. The country also has several islands on the Atlantic Ocean which cannot be observed on this map. The map can be downloaded for free, and used for educational purposes like map-pointing activities.

Outline Map of Senegal

The outline map represents mainland Senegal. The country also has several islands on the Atlantic Ocean. The territory of the sovereign nation of The Gambia cuts through the lower half of Senegal in a west-east direction leading to the narrow indentation observed on the map above.

Key Facts

Legal Name Republic of Senegal
Capital City Dakar
14 44 N, 17 38 W
Independence 4 April 1960 (from France); note - complete independence achieved upon dissolution of federation with Mali on 20 August 1960


Total Area 196,722.00 km2
Land Area 192,530.00 km2
Water Area 4,192.00 km2
Total Border 2,684.0 km
Coastline 531.0 km
Bordering Countries The Gambia 749 km, Guinea 363 km, Guinea-Bissau 341 km, Mali 489 km, Mauritania 742 km
Climate Tropical; hot, humid; rainy season (may to november) has strong southeast winds; dry season (december to april) dominated by hot, dry, harmattan wind
Coordinates 14 00 N, 14 00 W
Mean Elevation 69 m
Lowest Elevation 0 m
Atlantic Ocean
Highest Elevation 648 m
unnamed elevation 2.8 km southeast of Nepen Diaka


Population 16,296,364
Major Cities
  1. Dakar (3,140,442)
  2. Thies (377,286)
  3. Rufisque (347,295)
Ethnic Groups Wolof 37.1%, Pular 26.2%, Serer 17%, Mandinka 5.6%, Jola 4.5%, Soninke 1.4%, other 8.3% (includes Europeans and persons of Lebanese descent) (2017 est.)
Languages French (official), Wolof, Pular, Jola, Mandinka, Serer, Soninke
Religions Muslim 95.9% (most adhere to one of the four main Sufi brotherhoods), Christian 4.1% (mostly Roman Catholic) (2016 est.)


Currency Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (XOF)
GDP $23.58 Billion
GDP Per Capita $1,446.83
Exports Fish, groundnuts (peanuts), petroleum products, phosphates, cotton

This page was last updated on November 9, 2020

Latest by WorldAtlas