Senegal is a relatively flat country in West Africa with an area of 196,712 sq. km. It is located in a depression called the Senegal-Mauritanian Basin.
The country can be divided into three major physical regions. To the west is the Cape Verde headland or peninsula with small plateaus of volcanic origin. It hosts the national capital of Dakar as visible on the map. The relatively high eastern and southeastern parts with fringes of ancient massifs including the country's highest point at 581 m constitutes another distinct physical region. The third is the massive lowland area between the highland region to the east and Cape Verde to the west. The country also has a sandy coastline along the Atlantic to the west that is generally low except for the Cape Verde region.
Major rivers draining the country include Senegal, Gambia, Saloum, and Casamance.
Senegal has four levels of administrative divisions. At the top of the hierarchy are the 14 regions of the country that take their name from the regional capitals. In alphabetical order, they are as follows: Dakar, Diourbel, Fatick, Kaffrine, Kaolack, Kedougou, Kolda, Louga, Matam, Saint-Louis, Sedhiou, Tambacounda, Thies, Ziguinchor.
These regions are further subdivided into 45 departments which are then divided into smaller administrative divisions.
With an area of 42,364 sq. km, Tambacounda is the largest region in the country by area. Dakar that hosts the national capital city of Dakar is the most populous region in the country.
Senegal is a West African country located in the Northern and Western hemispheres of the Earth. It is bordered by four countries; Mauritania, Mali, Guinea, and Guinea-Bissau to the north, east, southeast, and southwest, respectively. The country is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the west. Senegal nearly surrounds the small country of The Gambia.
Regional Maps: Map of Africa
|Legal Name||Republic of Senegal|
|14 44 N, 17 38 W|
|Independence||4 April 1960 (from France); note - complete independence achieved upon dissolution of federation with Mali on 20 August 1960|
|Total Area||196,722 km2|
|Land Area||192,530 km2|
|Water Area||4,192 km2|
|Total Border||2,684 km|
|Bordering Countries||The Gambia 749 km, Guinea 363 km, Guinea-Bissau 341 km, Mali 489 km, Mauritania 742 km|
|Climate||Tropical; hot, humid; rainy season (may to november) has strong southeast winds; dry season (december to april) dominated by hot, dry, harmattan wind|
|Coordinates||14 00 N, 14 00 W|
|Mean Elevation||69 m|
|Lowest Elevation||0 m|
|Highest Elevation||648 m|
|unnamed elevation 2.8 km southeast of Nepen Diaka|
|Ethnic Groups||Wolof 37.1%, Pular 26.2%, Serer 17%, Mandinka 5.6%, Jola 4.5%, Soninke 1.4%, other 8.3% (includes Europeans and persons of Lebanese descent) (2017 est.)|
|Languages||French (official), Wolof, Pular, Jola, Mandinka, Serer, Soninke|
|Religions||Muslim 95.9% (most adhere to one of the four main Sufi brotherhoods), Christian 4.1% (mostly Roman Catholic) (2016 est.)|
|Currency||Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (XOF)|
|GDP Per Capita||$1,446.83|
|Exports||Fish, groundnuts (peanuts), petroleum products, phosphates, cotton|
This page was last updated on September 14, 2020