Senegal is a relatively flat country in West Africa with an area of 196,712 sq. km. It is located in a depression called the Senegal-Mauritanian Basin.
The country can be divided into three major physical regions. To the west is the Cape Verde headland or peninsula with small plateaus of volcanic origin. It hosts the national capital of Dakar as visible on the map. The relatively high eastern and southeastern parts with fringes of ancient massifs including the country's highest point at 581 m constitutes another distinct physical region. The third is the massive lowland area between the highland region to the east and Cape Verde to the west. The country also has a sandy coastline along the Atlantic to the west that is generally low except for the Cape Verde region.
Major rivers draining the country include Senegal, Gambia, Saloum, and Casamance.
Senegal has four levels of administrative divisions. At the top of the hierarchy are the 14 regions of the country that take their name from the regional capitals. In alphabetical order, they are as follows: Dakar, Diourbel, Fatick, Kaffrine, Kaolack, Kedougou, Kolda, Louga, Matam, Saint-Louis, Sedhiou, Tambacounda, Thies, Ziguinchor.
These regions are further subdivided into 45 departments which are then divided into smaller administrative divisions.
With an area of 42,364 sq. km, Tambacounda is the largest region in the country by area. Dakar that hosts the national capital city of Dakar is the most populous region in the country.
Senegal is a West African country located in the Northern and Western hemispheres of the Earth. It is bordered by four countries; Mauritania, Mali, Guinea, and Guinea-Bissau to the north, east, southeast, and southwest, respectively. The country is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the west. Senegal nearly surrounds the small country of The Gambia.
Regional Maps: Map of Africa
|Legal Name||Republic of Senegal|
|14 44 N, 17 38 W|
|Total Area||196,722.00 km2|
|Land Area||192,530.00 km2|
|Water Area||4,192.00 km2|
|Currency||Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (XOF)|
|GDP Per Capita||$1,446.83|
This page was last updated on February 24, 2021