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Niger Geography

Niger's Information

Flag of Niger
Land Area 1,266,700 km2
Water Area 300 km2
Total Area 1,267,000km2 (#21)
Population 18,638,600 (#60)
Population Density 14.71/km2
Government Type Semi-presidential Republic
GDP (PPP) $20.15 Billion
GDP Per Capita $1,100
Currency Franc (XOF)
Largest Cities

The sub-Saharan landscape of Niger is characterized by deserts, sand dunes, uplands and hills, as both the Sahel and Saraha Deserts dominate the region.

In the lower part of the country 2% of the land is covered with forests and woodlands.

The third longest river in Africa, the Niger River, runs in a crescent from the Guinea Highlands through Mali, and makes up part of the Benin-Niger border. It is Niger's lowest point at 656 ft (200 m).

In northern Niger, the Air Mountains punctuate the Sahara desert with a series of nine massifs. The highest point of the country, Mont Idoukal-n-Taghes at 6,633 ft (2,022 m), is located in the south central region of the Air Mountains.

This page was last updated on July 10, 2020.

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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