Nigeria is a West African country occupying an area of 923,769 sq. km.
The country's landscape features plains in the north and south. The central region has hills and plateaus. The Sokoto Plains and the Borno Plains are located in the northwestern and northeastern corners of the country respectively.
As shown on the map above, the country shares Lake Chad in the northeast with Niger, Chad and Cameroon.
The Jos Plateau (marked on the map) is a distinct physical feature located almost at the center of the country and features massive lava surfaces and extinct volcanoes. The rest of the central plateau region has high plains, shallow river valleys, and inselbergs.
The most mountainous area of the country is located to the southeast. The position of Nigeria's highest point has been marked. It is the 2,419 m high Chappal Waddi.
The southern Atlantic coast is bordered by mangrove forests and swamps.
Lagos, the capital of Nigeria, is located on the Atlantic coast of the country.
The Niger and the Benue Rivers showed on the map are the major rivers of Nigeria. The Niger and Benue River valleys make up Nigeria's most expansive region, merging into each other to form a distinctive 'Y' shape. The country's rivers drain into primarily three drainage basins. These are the Lake Chad, Gulf of Guinea, and Niger-Benue basin.
Nigeria has 36 states and a Federal Capital Territory. In alphabetical order, the states are as follows: Abia, Adamawa, Akwa Ibom, Anambra, Bauchi, Bayelsa, Benue, Borno, Cross River, Delta, Ebonyi, Edo, Ekiti, Enugu, Gombe, Imo, Jigawa, Kaduna, Kano, Katsina, Kebbi, Kogi, Kwara, Lagos, Nasarawa, Niger, Ogun, Ondo, Osun, Oyo, Plateau, Rivers, Sokoto, Taraba, Yobe, Zamfara.
The states are further divided into 774 Local Government Areas.
The Federal Capital Territory is located in Abuja, the national capital city of Nigeria.
Nigeria is a West African country located in the Northern and Eastern Hemispheres of the Earth. It is bordered by four countries. These are Niger, Chad, Cameroon, and Benin to the north, northeast, east, and west respectively. Nigeria also has a coastline on the Gulf of Guinea.
Regional Maps: Map of Africa
|Legal Name||Federal Republic of Nigeria|
|9 05 N, 7 32 E|
|Independence||1 October 1960 (from the UK)|
|Total Area||923,768 km2|
|Land Area||910,768 km2|
|Water Area||13,000 km2|
|Total Border||4,477 km|
|Bordering Countries||Benin 809 km, Cameroon 1975 km, Chad 85 km, Niger 1608 km|
|Climate||Varies; equatorial in south, tropical in center, arid in north|
|Coordinates||10 00 N, 8 00 E|
|Mean Elevation||380 m|
|Lowest Elevation||0 m|
|Highest Elevation||2,419 m|
|Ethnic Groups||Hausa 30%, Yoruba 15.5%, Igbo (Ibo) 15.2%, Fulani 6%, Tiv 2.4%, Kanuri/Beriberi 2.4%, Ibibio 1.8%, Ijaw/Izon 1.8%, other 24.7% (2018 est.)|
|Languages||English (official), Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo (Ibo), Fulani, over 500 additional indigenous languages|
|Religions||Muslim 53.5%, Roman Catholic 10.6%, other Christian 35.3%, other .6% (2018 est.)|
|GDP Per Capita||$2,229.86|
|Exports||Petroleum and petroleum products 95%, cocoa, rubber (2012 est.)|
This page was last updated on September 14, 2020