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Benin

Physical Map of Benin

Physical Map of Benin with state boundaries. Details the physical features of the country, including relief, major rivers, cities, and various national parks.
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Benin is a country in West Africa that encompasses an area of 112,622 sq. km. It has a coastline of 121 km on the Atlantic Ocean to the south. 

There is not much variation in elevation in Benin with the average elevation being 200m. The landscape transitions from a narrow and somewhat sandy coastal area to a marshy land with lagoons that rise into the La Terre de Barre Plateau. The wooded savannah of the plateau continues on into the foothills of the Atakora Mountains of the northwest, a branch of the Togo Mountains. Benin's highest point is Mt. Sokbaro, which rises 658 m. It has been marked on the map by a yellow upright triangle. The lowest point of the country is the Atlantic Ocean at 0 m. From the mountainous northwest, the land slopes down into a broad plain and on to the Niger River valley of the far northeast. The Niger and Ouémé are the country's major rivers. 

Departments of Benin Map

Political Map of Benin showing 12 departments and their capitals, and the national capital of Porto Novo.
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Benin has 12 departments which are divided into 77 communes which are further subdivided into arrondissements.

The 12 departments in alphabetical order are: Alibori, Atacora, Atlantique, Borgou, Collines, Couffo, Donga, Littoral, Mono, Oueme, Plateau, and Zou.

With an area of 26,242 sq. km, Alibori is the largest department by area and Atlantique is the most populous one. 

Porto-Novo, the national capital of Benin, is located in the Ouémé Department.

Where is Benin?

Where is Benin?
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Benin is a country in West Africa located in the Northern and Eastern Hemispheres of the Earth. Four countries border Benin. These are Niger to the northeast, Nigeria to the east, Togo to the west, and Burkina Faso to the northeast. To the south, Benin has a small stretch of coastline on the Bight of Benin which is part of the Gulf of Guinea in the Atlantic Ocean.

Benin Bordering Countries: Nigeria, The Niger, Burkina Faso, Togo.

Regional Maps: Map of Africa

Outline Map of Benin

Outline Map of Benin

This outline map shows the country of Benin in West Africa. As observed on the map, the country is key-shaped and runs almost vertically from the Atlantic coast to the south to the north.

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Blank outline map of Benin

Blank outline map of the key-shaped country of Benin. Can be used for coloring or educational purposes. Free download and print out for use.

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Key Facts

Legal Name Republic of Benin
Capital City Porto-Novo (constitutional capital); Cotonou (seat of government)
6 29 N, 2 37 E
Independence 1 August 1960 (from France)

Geography

Total Area 112,622 km2
Land Area 110,622 km2
Water Area 2,000 km2
Total Border 2,123 km
Coastline 121 km
Bordering Countries Burkina Faso 386 km, Niger 277 km, Nigeria 809 km, Togo 651 km
Climate Tropical; hot, humid in south; semiarid in north
Coordinates 9 30 N, 2 15 E
Mean Elevation 273 m
Lowest Elevation 0 m
Atlantic Ocean
Highest Elevation 658 m
Mont Sokbaro

Demographics

Population 11,801,151
Ethnic Groups Fon and related 38.4%, Adja and related 15.1%, Yoruba and related 12%, Bariba and related 9.6%, Fulani and related 8.6%, Ottamari and related 6.1%, Yoa-Lokpa and related 4.3%, Dendi and related 2.9%, other 0.9%, foreigner 1.9% (2013 est.)
Languages French (official), Fon and Yoruba (most common vernaculars in south), tribal languages (at least six major ones in north)
Religions Muslim 27.7%, Roman Catholic 25.5%, Protestant 13.5% (Celestial 6.7%, Methodist 3.4%, other Protestant 3.4%), Vodoun 11.6%, other Christian 9.5%, other traditional religions 2.6%, other 2.6%, none 5.8% (2013 est.)

Economy

Currency Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (XOF)
GDP $14.39 Billion
GDP Per Capita $1,219.43
Exports Cotton, cashews, shea butter, textiles, palm products, seafood

This page was last updated on September 14, 2020

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