Arkansas History Timeline1500s - 1600s
- (1541) Spanish conqueror Hernando De Soto led first European expedition into Arkansas
- (1673) Jesuit Father Jacques Marquette, trader Louis Jolliet reached Quapaw villages of "Akansae" and "Kappa"
- (1682) Rene Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle claimed Mississippi valley for King Louis XIV of France; La Salle's party built Fort Prud'homme
- (1686) Arkansas Post founded as first settlement on Mississippi River
- (1700) French Catholic missionaries arrived to convert local Natives
- (1721) Colonists abandoned Arkansas Post
- (1738) French began two year war against Chickasaw Indians
- (1762) France ceded Louisiana Territory to Spain
- (1803) U.S. purchased Louisiana Territory
- (1806) Louisiana Territory split, District of Arkansaw formed
- (1811) New Madrid earthquake struck, many left homeless
- (1812) Missouri Territory, including Arkansas, created by Congress
- (1817) First post office established at Davidsonville; Cherokee given land in northwest Arkansas; Fort Smith established
- (1818) Quapaw Indians ceded land between Red and Arkansas Rivers
- (1819) Territory of Arkansas created
- (1821) Territory capital moved from Arkansas Post to Little Rock
- (1822) First steamboat on Arkansas River reached Little Rock
- (1824) Quapaw Indians forced to cede lands south of Arkansas River
- (1826) Smallpox epidemic reached Arkansas
- (1836) Arkansas became twenty-fifth state
- (1859) Legislation signed freeing all slaves
- (1861) Arkansas seceded from Union; admitted to Confederate States of America
- (1862) Battles of Pea Ridge and Prairie Grove; Union victorious
- (1864) Teenaged Confederate soldier executed for spying; unionist convention abolished slavery, adopted new constitution
- (1866) Ex-Confederates gained control of legislature; laws passed denying blacks right to sit on juries, serve in militia or attend white public schools
- (1867) Congress passed Reconstruction Act, voided government of Arkansas and nine other southern states
- (1868) Arkansas re-admitted to Union; Ku Klux Klan violence led to martial law in most of state
- (1877) Hot Springs Reservation established
- (1887) Bauxite discovered southwest of Little Rock
- (1891) First "Jim Crow" law passed segregating blacks and whites on trains and trams
- (1904) First crop of rice grown
- (1906) Diamonds discovered near Murfreesboro
- (1915) General Assembly passed statewide prohibition of liquor sales; capitol building completed
- (1919) Race riot in Elaine
- (1920) Oil discovered near Smackover
- (1927) Over one-fifth of state flooded by Mississippi River
- (1932) Hattie Caraway became first woman elected to U. S. Senate
- (1942) Internment camps established for west coast Japanese-Americans
- (1957) School desegregation in Little Rock brought national attention to civil rights movement
- (1958) Little Rock high schools closed for academic year due to political and social controversy over desegregation
- (1967) Winthrop Rockefeller elected as first Republic governor since Reconstruction
- (1992) Bill Clinton elected 42nd President of U. S.
- (1996) Bill Clinton re-elected President of U. S.
- (2002) Bentonville-based Wal-Mart identified as world's largest corporation.
- (2006) US government investigators told the Senate FEMA let nearly 11,000 unused manufactured homes deteriorate on old runways and open fields in Arkansas
- (2007) Tornado injured 40 people, damaged dozens of homes and businesses, most of town of Dumas destroyed
- (2008) Shooting at University of Central Arkansas in Conway killed two students, wounded one
- (2009) State lottery went into effect
- (2010) Flash floods swept through Albert Pike Recreation Area, 19 killed
- (2011) Mississippi River flooded more than 1 million acres of cropland, 63 counties declared disaster areas
Arkansas Cities, Counties & Area Codes
|Hot Springs National Park||Garland||501|
|Forrest City||Saint Francis||870|
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