Mississippi has a diverse geography with unique topographical features and is located in the southeastern United States. This Gulf-Coast state covers an area of 48,441 square miles, and the presence of varied landforms, rivers, islands, and climates gives Mississippi a distinct character.
Much of Mississippi is relatively flat with low-lying terrain, with an average elevation of 300 feet above sea level. However, some points in the state are much higher; for example, Woodall Mountain in Tishomingo County is the highest point in Mississippi at 807 feet above sea level. Naturally, at 0ft, the coast is Mississippi's lowest point.
The longest river in Mississippi is the Pearl River, which flows through Louisiana before entering the Gulf of Mexico near Pearlington. It connects with several tributaries, including Strong River and Yockanookany River. Additionally, two important bodies of water cut through the state—the Yazoo River and Big Black River—eventually emptying into the mighty Mississippi River itself. Most of Mississippi's big lakes - including Arkabutla, Sardis, Enid, and Grenada - are designated flood control reservoirs.
The Mississippi River is one of the longest rivers in the world, as it stretches 2,340 miles from its source at Lake Itasca in Minnesota to its outlet at the Gulf of Mexico in Louisiana. It flows through or borders ten states: Minnesota, Wisconsin, Iowa, Illinois, Missouri, Kentucky, Tennessee, Arkansas, and Mississippi. The river establishes Mississippi's 300-mile western border between Memphis and Fort Adams.
The coasts along southern Mississippi are adjacent to numerous small islands, including Ship Island, which once connected to Biloxi before being split off due to erosion caused by storms over time. Other barrier islands along this coast include Horn Island, Cat Island, and Deer Island.
The climate in Mississippi varies from one location to another, but it generally has a temperate climate with warm summers and mild winters. Rainfall patterns vary throughout different regions; for example, coastal areas receive more rainfall than inland areas, while northern parts of Mississippi experience colder temperatures than southern regions during winter. Average temperatures range from highs in the upper 80s (Fahrenheit) during summer months to below freezing during winter.
The State of Mississippi is divided into 82 counties. In alphabetical order, these counties are: Adams, Alcorn, Amite, Attala, Benton, Bolivar, Calhoun, Carroll, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Claiborne, Clarke, Clay, Coahoma, Copiah, Covington, DeSoto, Forrest, Franklin, George, Greene, Grenada, Hancock, Harrison, Hinds, Holmes, Humphreys, Issaquena, Itawamba, Jackson, Jasper, Jefferson, Jefferson Davis, Jones, Kemper, Lafayette, Lamar, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Leake, Lee, Leflore, Lincoln, Lowndes, Madison, Marion, Marshall, Monroe, Montgomery, Neshoba, Newton, Noxubee, Oktibbeha, Panola, Pearl River, Perry, Pike, Pontotoc, Prentiss, Quitman, Rankin, Scott, Sharkey, Simpson, Smith, Stone, Sunflower, Tallahatchie, Tate, Tippah, Tishomingo, Tunica, Union, Walthall, Warren, Washington, Wayne, Webster, Wilkinson, Winston, Yalobusha, and Yazoo.
With an area of 125,443 sq. km, the State of Mississippi is the 32nd largest and the 34th most populous state in the USA. Located in the northeastern part of Hinds County, along with small portions in Madison and Rankin counties is, Jackson (officially, the City of Jackson) is the capital, largest, and the most populous city of Mississippi. Jackson houses major manufacturing industries like food processing, metal products, and machinery among others. The capital city is situated on the top of an extinct volcano, that is found 2,900ft below the surface and is, therefore, the only US city with this feature.
The State of Mississippi is located in the Gulf Coast region of the United States. Mississippi is bordered by the state of Tennessee in the north, by Arkansas in the northwest, by Alabama in the east, by Louisiana in the southwest, and by the Gulf of Mexico in the south. The Mississippi River flows along the state’s entire western border.
Regional Maps: Map of North America
|Legal Name||State of Mississippi|
|ISO 3166 Code||US-MS|
Jackson, Mississippi (436,024)
This page was last updated on January 25, 2023