Covering an area of 181,843 sq. km, the State of North Dakota is located in the north-central (Midwest) region of the United States.
As observed on the map, the Great Plains of North America slice across North Dakota, covering about 50% of the state’s area. In the far southwestern part of the state, the landscape is dominated by a long series of unusually-shaped and brightly-colored buttes, domes, and rolling hills referred to as the “Badlands”. Marked by an upright yellow triangle, the state’s highest point is White Butte, which rises to an elevation of 3,506ft (1,069m) and is located in the Badlands area.
In the eastern part of the state’s border with Minnesota, the Red River Valley stretches from north to south. This flat and very fertile strip of land is North Dakota's most productive farmland. The slightly-elevated prairie lands directly west of the Red River Valley are also crisscrossed by numerous small lakes, rivers, and streams. The state’s lowest point is situated in the extreme southeastern part of the state, along the Red River, at an elevation of 751ft.
The state’s most important river is the Missouri River. It is the longest river in the United States flowing over 2,500 miles (4,023km). The Missouri River rises in southern Montana in the Rocky Mountains, first flowing in the north and then generally southeast across the center of the United States, draining into the Mississippi River, just to the north of St. Louis, Missouri.
Other significant rivers of the state include the James, Red, and Sheyenne. The most significant lake is Lake Sakakawea, one of five major lakes created on the Missouri River by the U.S. government to eliminate the annual flooding of river lowlands.
The State of North Dakota is divided into 53 counties. In alphabetical order, these counties are: Adams, Barnes, Benson, Billings, Bottineau, Bowman, Burke, Burleigh, Cass, Cavalier, Dickey, Divide, Dunn, Eddy, Emmons, Foster, Golden Valley, Grand Forks, Grant, Griggs, Hettinger, Kidder, Lamoure, Logan, McHenry, McIntosh, McKenzie, McLean, Mercer, Morton, Mountrail, Nelson, Oliver, Pembina, Pierce, Ramsey, Ransom, Renville, Richland, Rolette, Sargent, Sheridan, Sioux, Slope, Stark, Steele, Stutsman, Towner, Traill, Walsh, Ward, Wells, and Williams.
With an area of 183,843 sq. km, North Dakota is the 19th largest and the 4th least populous state in the USA. Located in the south-central part of the state, on the eastern banks of the Missouri River is Bismarck – the capital and the 2nd most populous city of North Dakota. It serves as the education, healthcare, transportation, trade, and business center of the state. Located on the western banks of Red River is Fargo – the largest and the most populated city in the US. It serves as the cultural, educational, industrial, retail and healthcare center of eastern North Dakota.
The State of North Dakota is located in the north-central (Midwest) region of the United States. The landlocked state of North Dakota is bordered by the states of Montana in the west; by Minnesota in the east; by South Dakota in the south and by the Canadian provinces of Saskatchewan and Manitoba in the north.
Regional Maps: Map of North America
|Legal Name||State of North Dakota|
|ISO 3166 Code||US-ND|
This page was last updated on February 25, 2021