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Alabama History Timeline

1500s - 1600s
  • (1519) Spanish explorer, Alonzo Alvarez de Piñeda, explored Gulf of Mexico, including Mobile Bay
  • (1539 - 1541) Hernando de Soto explored Southeast; met Chief Tuskaloosa in Battle of Maubila
  • (1559 - 1561) Don Tristán de Luna attempted to establish Spanish colony; failed
  • (1600) Developments created by Indian tribes
  • (1702) Le Moyne brothers established Fort Louis de la Mobile and settlement on Mobile River
  • (1712) La Moyne brothers moved fort and settlement to present day Mobile
  • (1717) Fort Toulouse established on Coosa River to trade with Indians
  • (1721) Ship Africane sailed into Mobile harbor with over 100 slaves
  • (1724) Slavery institutionalized in Mobile area by the French Code Noir (Black Code)
  • (1756 - 1763) Seven Years War (French and Indian War), won by Great Britain; France ceded territories east of Mississippi River
  • (1780) Spanish captured Mobile during American Revolution
  • (1798) Mississippi Territory organized from western Georgia, included Alabama
  • (1799) U. S. took possession of Fort St. Stephens from Spanish; Andrew Ellicott surveyed boundary between U. S. and Spanish West Florida, placed stone north of Mobile to mark 31st latitude
  • (1802) Georgia formally ceded western claims at 31st parallel
  • (1805 - 1806) White settlements of Indian lands began
  • (1813) U. S. captured Mobile from Spanish
  • (1813 - 1814) Creek Indian Wars
  • (1814) Gen. Andrew Jackson defeated Creeks; lands ceded to federal government; British failed in attack on Fort Bowyer on Mobile Point
  • (1815) British forces captured Fort Bowyer; abandoned when heard war was over
  • (1817) Alabama Territory created
  • (1818) First legislature of Alabama Territory met at St. Stephens; Cahaba designated as state capital
  • (1819) State constitution adopted; first general election held; Alabama became 22nd U. S. state
  • (1820) Steamboat Harriett reached Montgomery; river trade opened between Montgomery and Mobile
  • (1820 - 1840) Over 150,000 slaves brought into Alabama
  • (1826) Capital relocated to Tuscaloosa
  • (1830 - 1835) Indian Removal Bill treaties signed; Indians ceded lands in Alabama for western lands
  • (1832) First railroad, Tuscumbia, opened
  • (1833) Meteor shower caused night to be known as "the night stars fell on Alabama"
  • (1835 - 1836) Alabama gold rush in east-central hill country
  • (1836 - 1837) Second Creek War; Battle of Hodby's Bridge was last Indian battle in Alabama
  • (1846) Montgomery selected as state capital
  • (1849) Capitol in Montgomery destroyed by fire
  • (1852) Senator William Rufus King elected u.s. vice president; died before taking office
  • (1861) Civil War began; Alabama became fourth state to secede from Union
  • (1861 - 1865) (194) land battles, (8) naval battles occurred within Alabama boundaries during America's Civil War
  • (1868) Alabama readmitted to Union
  • (1895) State flag adopted
  • (1909) Wright brothers established flying school outside Montgomery; boll weevil entered state, destroyed cotton crops
  • (1926) University of Alabama won Rose Bowl
  • (1931) Conviction and death sentence by all-white jury of black youths, "Scottsboro Boys" caused international outrage
  • (1936) Jesse Owen won Olympic gold medals in Berlin, Germany
  • (1937) State sales tax instituted to fund education
  • (1944) First oil well in Alabama
  • (1948) Dixiecrat Convention met in Birmingham, elected Strom Thurmond as Presidential candidate; Henry Truman's name not on ballot
  • (1954) State Attorney General nominee, Albert Patterson, murdered in Phenix City, "wickedest city in America"
  • (1955) Black seamstress, Rosa Parks, arrested for refusing to give seat on bus to white passenger; Montgomery Bus Boycott began; Parks named "mother of modern day civil rights movement"
  • (1956) Army Ballistic Missile Agency established at Redstone Arsenal, Huntsville; segregated seating on Montgomery's public transportation vehicles banned by Supreme Court; Martin Luther King, Jr. and Rosa Parks among first people to ride integrated bus; Montgomery Bus Boycott ended
  • (1961) Freedom Ride, integrated bus trip from Washington, D. C.arrived at bus terminal in Montgomery, attacked by angry mob
  • (1963) Civil Rights targets bombed in Birmingham; four children killed in bombing of 16th Street Baptist Church; first African-American students register at University of Alabama
  • (1965) 600 demonstrators made first of three attempts to march from Selma to Montgomery protesting voting restrictions on black Americans, attacks by law enforcement officers forced them to turn back, broadcast across U.S. caused surge of support for protestors; Martin Luther King led 3,200 marchers from Selma toward Montgomery; Voting Rights Act became law, ending voting restrictions
  • (1967) Lurleen Wallace elected first woman governor in state
  • (1972) Gov. George Wallace shot in Maryland during presidential campaign, paralyzed from waist down
  • (1981) Academy of Country Music selected music group, Alabama, "Vocal Group of the Year"
  • (1993) Governor Guy Hunt, removed from office, convicted of misuse of public funds
  • (1995) Heather Whitestone became first Miss America with a disability
  • (1998) Dr. David Satcher of Anniston appointed U. S. Surgeon General
  • (2001) Condoleezza Rice, Birmingham native, appointed National Security Advisor to President Bush
  • (2002) Vonetta Flowers became first African American to win gold medal in Winter Olympics; Bobby Frank Cherry convicted of murder for his part in 1963 bombing of 16th Street Baptist Church
  • (2004) Condoleezza Rice appointed U.S. Secretary of State by President George W. Bush
  • (2005) Hurricane Katrina caused major damages along coastal areas
  • (2009) Gunman burned down own house, killed 10 people
  • (2011) Barrage of storms killed over 200
  • (2011) Most stringent immigration laws in U.S. passed in Alabama

Alabama Photographs

andrew jacksonCondeleezza RiceHernando de SotoWilliam Rufus King

Alabama Cities, Counties & Area Codes

City County Area Code
Prattville Autauga 334
Daphne Baldwin 251
Eufaula Barbour 334
West Blocton Bibb 205
Oneonta Blount 205
Union Springs Bullock 334
Greenville Butler 334
Anniston Calhoun 256
Valley Chambers 334
Centre Cherokee 256
Clanton Chilton 205
Butler Choctaw 205
Jackson Clarke 251
Lineville Clay 256
Heflin Cleburne 256
Enterprise Coffee 334
Tuscumbia Colbert 256
Evergreen Conecuh 251
Goodwater Coosa 256
Andalusia Covington 334
Luverne Crenshaw 334
Cullman Cullman 256
Ozark Dale 334
Selma Dallas 334
Fort Payne DeKalb 256
Wetumpka Elmore 334
Atmore Escambia 251
Gadsden Etowah 256
Fayette Fayette 205
Russellville Franklin 256
Slocomb Geneva 334
Eutaw Greene 205
Greensboro Hale 334
Headland Henry 334
Dothan Houston 334
Scottsboro Jackson 256
Birmingham Jefferson 205
Vernon Lamar 205
Florence Lauderdale 256
Moulton Lawrence 256
Auburn Lee 334
Athens Limestone 256
Hayneville Lowndes 334
Tuskegee Macon 334
Huntsville Madison 256
Demopolis Marengo 334
Hamilton Marion 205
Albertville Marshall 256
Mobile Mobile 251
Monroeville Monroe 251
Montgomery Montgomery 334
Decatur Morgan 256
Marion Perry 334
Gordo Pickens 205
Troy Pike 334
Roanoke Randolph 334
Phenix City Russell 334
Pell City Saint Clair 205
Birmingham Shelby 205
Livingston Sumter 205
Talladega Talladega 256
Alexander City Tallapoosa 256
Tuscaloosa Tuscaloosa 205
Jasper Walker 205
Millry Washington 251
Camden Wilcox 334
Haleyville Winston 205

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.