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China's Information

Flag of China
Land Area 9,326,410 km2
Water Area 270,550 km2
Total Area 9,596,960km2 (#4)
Population 1,373,541,278 (#1)
Population Density 147.27/km2
Government Type Communist State
GDP (PPP) $21,100.00 Billion
GDP Per Capita $14,600
Currency Yuan Renminbi (CNY)
More Information China
Largest Cities

The People's Republic of China is the world's fourth largest country (by total area), and one of only five remaining Communist states in the world. It has a population of 1,349,585,838 and gained its independence in 1368.  

As with the ancient Roman and Egyptian empires, China led most of the world in the arts and sciences for hundreds of years.

Pre-history began with civilizations that originated in numerous regions along the Yellow River and Yangtze River valleys over a million years ago.

By 2100 BC the Xia Dynasty had formed, becoming China's first dynasty - according to ancient historical records. Little is known about the Xias apart from their eventual downfall in 1600 BC, as a consequence of the Battle of Mingtiao.

Following the Xias, the Shang Dynasty rose to power, and then were ultimately overrun by the Zhou Dynasty in 1066 BC.

Emerging from the Yellow River valley, the Zhous were the longest-lasting dynasty in China, establishing their rule under a semi-feudal system.

The use of iron and the evolution of written script into its modern form were both introduced during the Zhou Dynasty.

Significant and influential intellectual movements emerged during this time as well, including Confucianism, Taoism, Legalism and Mohism, and the Hundred Schools of Thought of Chinese philosophy flourished.

Around the second millennium BC, the Zhou Dynasty began to decline as a result of the collapse of the central power, and completely dissolved by 256 BC.

Imperial China surfaced with the Qin Dynasty in 221 BC, and the construction of the Great Wall of China began - which was later enhanced by the Ming Dynasty. With the Qins, the concept of a more centralized government and a currency system were developed.

After the Qins, smaller dynasties quickly rose to power and collapsed only decades later for the next several centuries. At the emergence of the Song, Liao and Jin dynasties 960 through 1234 AD China saw an age of economic prosperity.

Following a particularly bloody war, in which roughly half of the Chinese inhabitants lost their lives, Mongol leader Kublai Khan (grandson of Genghis Khan) established the Yuan Dynasty in 1271.

The Yuan Dynasty became the first to govern the entirety of China with Beijing as the capital. Science, religion and the Silk Road trade network were heavily promoted under the ruling of Kublai

This page was last updated on July 12, 2016.

China Trivia

What is the Largest City in China?

Guangzhou is the largest city in China by metro population, with more than 44 million people.

The Largest Cities In China

What is the Largest Ethnic Group in China?

More than 9 in every 10 residents of the People's Republic of China are ethnic Han Chinese. The ethnic group has a 91.59% of the overall Chinese population descent. The other 55 ethnic groups make up the minority consisting 8.41% of the total population.

The Largest Ethnic Groups In China

Which Are The Biggest Industries In China?

The manufacturing, mining, energy, and agricultural industries are China's largest industries. Manufacturing is by far the biggest industry in China accounting for 46.8% of the country’s GDP.

The Biggest Industries In China

What Animals Are Threatened in China?

The big cats like South China Tiger and Amur Leopard are critically endangered due to loss of habitats and poaching. Many of the big cats like tiger or small cats like lynx are hunted for their fur. Moreover, the South China Tiger, leopards and Asian golden cats are hunted for their bones which are used in traditional medicines

Endangered Animals in China

What Kind of Plants are Native to China?

The native flora of China is diverse with more than 30,000 plant species, and some of these species grow only in China. They include the dove tree, the dawn redwood, the Yunnan cypress, and the China fir.

Plants Native to China

What Kind of Birds Live in China?

Some of the birds that come from China include the Tibetan rosefinch, the slaty bunting, and the Sichuan treecreeper.

Bird Species Native to China

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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China provinces, municipalities, autonomous regions & their capitals

Region Capital
Anhui Hefei
Beijing Beijing
Chongqing Chongqing
Fujian Fuzhou
Gansu Lanzhou
Guangdong Guangzhou
Guangxi Nanning
Guizhou Guiyang
Hainan Haikou
Hebei Shijiazhuang
Heilongjiang Harbin
Henan Zhengzhou
Hubei Wuhan
Hunan Changsha
Inner Mongolia Hohhot
Jiangsu Nanjing
Jiangxi Nanchang
Jilin Changchun
Liaoning Shenyang
Ningxia Yinchuan
Qinghai Xining
Shaanxi Xi'an
Shandong Jinan
Shanghai Shanghai
Shanxi Taiyuan
Sichuan Chengdu
Tianjin Tianjin
Xinjiang Urumqi
Xizang (Tibet Autonomous Region) Lhasa
Yunnan Kunming
Zhejiang Hangzhou

Countries of Asia