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Physical Map of Tajikistan

Phyiscal Map of Tajikistan with state boundaries, relief, major mountain ranges, rivers, Fedchenko Glacier, Fergana Valley, extreme points, etc.
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Tajikistan, a landlocked Central Asian country occupies an area of 143,100 sq. km. It is the region's smallest nation. 

As observed on the physical map of Tajikistan above, almost the entire country (around 93%) is mountainous. In fact, more than half of the country is higher than 3,000 m, (9,842 ft.) in elevation.

The map also shows the two most dominant mountain ranges in the country, the Alay Range in the north and the Pamir Mountains to the southeast. 

Tajikistan's highest point is Qullai Ismoili Somoni, and peaks at 24,589 ft. (7,495 m).

The numerous mountain chains are etched with deep valleys formed by a dense maze of cold-water rivers. The eastern mountains contain many glaciers and lakes. The Fedchenko Glacier (surrounding the country's highest peaks and marked on the map) covers 700 sq. km, and is the largest non-polar glacier in the world

The lowest elevations are in the northwest, southwest, and in the Fergana Valley, which dominates Tajikistan's far northern section.

The country's extensive mountain system spawns many rivers, with the most significant being the Syr Darya, Amu Darya (called the Panj in central Tajikistan), Vakhsh (called the Surkhob in northern Tajikistan), Panj, Pamir, and Bartang.

Provinces of Tajikistan Map

The Political Map of Tajikistan displaying its four provinces, their capitals and the capital city of Dushanbe.
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Tajikistan (officially, Republic of Tajikistan) is a sovereign country and is divided into 4 administrative regions or provinces. These regions are: the province of Sughd, the province of Khatlon, the Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous province (GBAO) and the Region of Republican Subordination (formerly, Karotegin province). These provinces are divided into 58 districts which are further subdivided into 367 jamoats. 

Dushanbe is the capital and the largest city of Tajikistan. It is located on the southern slopes above the Kofarnihon valley. 

Where is Tajikistan?

Where is Tajikistan?
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As observed on the location map above, Tajikistan is a landlocked country in the heart of Central Asia. This highly mountainous country is located in the Northern and Eastern Hemispheres of the Earth. Four countries border Tajikistan. These are Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, China, and Afghanistan to the north, west, east, and south respectively.

Tajikistan Bordering Countries: China, Afghanistan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan.

Regional Maps: Map of Asia

Outline Map of Tajikistan

Blank Outline Map of Tajikistan

The blank outline map above represents Tajikistan, a sovereign nation in Central Asia. The map can be downloaded, printed, and used for coloring or map-pointing activities.

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Outline Map of Tajikistan

The above map represents the landlocked Central Asian country of Tajikistan. 

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Key Facts

Legal Name Republic of Tajikistan
Capital City Dushanbe
38 33 N, 68 46 E
Independence 9 September 1991 (from the Soviet Union)


Total Area 144,100 km2
Land Area 141,510 km2
Water Area 2,590 km2
Total Border 4,130 km
Coastline 0 km
Bordering Countries Afghanistan 1357 km, China 477 km, Kyrgyzstan 984 km, Uzbekistan 1312 km
Climate Mid-latitude continental, hot summers, mild winters; semiarid to polar in pamir mountains
Coordinates 39 00 N, 71 00 E
Mean Elevation 3,186 m
Lowest Elevation 300 m
Syr Darya (Sirdaryo)
Highest Elevation 7,495 m
Qullai Ismoili Somoni


Population 9,321,018
Ethnic Groups Tajik 84.3% (includes Pamiri and Yagnobi), Uzbek 13.8%, other 2% (includes Kyrgyz, Russian, Turkmen, Tatar, Arab) (2014 est.)
Languages Tajik (official) 84.4%, Uzbek 11.9%, Kyrgyz .8%, Russian .5%, other 2.4% (2010 est.)
Religions Muslim 98% (Sunni 95%, Shia 3%) other 2% (2014 est.)


Currency Tajikistani somoni (TJS)
GDP $8.12 Billion
GDP Per Capita $870.79
Exports Aluminum, electricity, cotton, fruits, vegetable oil, textiles

This page was last updated on September 14, 2020

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