Pakistan occupies an area of 881,913 in South Asia. Located at the juncture of the Indian and Eurasian plates, the country is highly prone to earthquakes due to plate tectonics.
The country can be divided into three major geographic zones as observed on the physical map of the country above. These are the highlands in the north, the plain of the Indus River and the Balochistan Plateau. The country also shares the Thar Desert with India along its eastern border.
The northern mountain region features some really high peaks of the Karakoram, Hindu Kush, and Himalayan mountain ranges. The world's second highest peak, Mount K2, is located in Pakistan. The peak has been marked on the map and is also the highest point in the country at 8,611 m or 28,250 ft. Over half the peaks in this northern highland region of Pakistan are above 4,500m.
The Indus River and its tributaries drain a large part of the country. The Indus River rises in southwestern Tibet and drains into the Arabian Sea. The course of the river in Pakistan has been marked on the map.
The Balochistan Plateau is located at the eastern edge of the Iranian Plateau and the region is very dry and sparsely populated. The mountainous areas of the west-central, along the border with Afghanistan, include the Ras Koh, Safed Koh and Toba Kakar ranges.
Pakistan (officially, Islamic Republic of Pakistan) is divided into four administrative provinces, two autonomous territories and one federal territory. The administrative provinces are: Punjab, Sindh, Balochistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Gilgit –Baltistan and Azad Jammu & Kashmir are the two autonomous territories; while Islamabad Capital Territory is a federal territory of Pakistan. These administrative provinces are divided into divisions which are further subdivided into districts and a number of smaller subdivisions.
Located at the eastern edge of the Iranian Plateau, in south western Pakistan – Balochistan is the largest of the four provinces of Pakistan; occupying an area of 347,190 sq. km. Islamabad – the capital city of Pakistan is located in the northern part of the country, along the Himalayan foothills and in The Islamabad Capital Territory. Islamabad is a planned city with high standards of living and is also the 9th largest city of Pakistan.
Karachi is the largest and most populous city of Pakistan. Located in the southern part of the country, on the Arabian Sea coast; Karachi serves as Pakistan’s maritime port and the country’s economic center.
Pakistan is a sovereign country in Southern Asia, located both in the Northern and Eastern hemispheres of the Earth. It borders four countries. Pakistan shares an eastern border with India, a north eastern border with China, a south western border with Iran and a western and northern border with Afghanistan The Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman border Pakistan to the south.
Regional Maps: Map of Asia
|Legal Name||Islamic Republic of Pakistan|
|33 41 N, 73 03 E|
|Independence||14 August 1947 (from British India)|
|Total Area||796,095 km2|
|Land Area||770,875 km2|
|Water Area||25,220 km2|
|Total Border||7,257 km|
|Bordering Countries||Afghanistan 2670 km, China 438 km, India 3190 km, Iran 959 km|
|Climate||Mostly hot, dry desert; temperate in northwest; arctic in north|
|Coordinates||30 00 N, 70 00 E|
|Mean Elevation||900 m|
|Lowest Elevation||0 m|
|Highest Elevation||8,611 m|
|K2 (Mt. Godwin-Austen)|
|Ethnic Groups||Punjabi 44.7%, Pashtun (Pathan) 15.4%, Sindhi 14.1%, Saraiki 8.4%, Muhajirs 7.6%, Balochi 3.6%, other 6.3%|
|Languages||Punjabi 48%, Sindhi 12%, Saraiki (a Punjabi variant) 10%, Pashto (alternate name, Pashtu) 8%, Urdu (official) 8%, Balochi 3%, Hindko 2%, Brahui 1%, English (official; lingua franca of Pakistani elite and most government ministries), Burushaski, and other 8%|
|Religions||Muslim (official) 96.4% (Sunni 85-90%, Shia 10-15%), other (includes Christian and Hindu) 3.6% (2010 est.)|
|Currency||Pakistani rupees (PKR)|
|GDP Per Capita||$1,284.70|
|Exports||Textiles (garments, bed linen, cotton cloth, yarn), rice, leather goods, sporting goods, chemicals, manufactures, surgical instruments, carpets and rugs|
This page was last updated on September 16, 2020